Holy Bible

Modern Literal Version

New Testament

2017 Beta Update

 (October 13, 2016)






(The Open Source Bible Translation)

(The world’s most accurate English translation.)


Table of Contents (TOC) for the electronic Modern Literal Version (MLV):


Matthew 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20 . 21 . 22 . 23 . 24 . 25 . 26 . 27 . 28

Mark 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16

Luke 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20 . 21 . 22 . 23 . 24

John 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20 . 21


Acts: The Book of Conversions 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20 . 21 . 22 . 23 . 24 . 25 . 26 . 27 . 28


Romans 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16

1 Corinthians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16

2 Corinthians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13

Galatians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6

Ephesians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6

Philippians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4

Colossians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4

1 Thessalonians 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5

2 Thessalonians 1 . 2 . 3

1 Timothy 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6

2 Timothy 1 . 2 . 3 . 4

Titus 1 . 2 . 3

Philemon

Hebrews 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13

James 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5

1 Peter 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5

2 Peter 1 . 2 . 3

1 John 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5

2 John

3 John

Jude


Revelation 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10 . 11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20 . 21 . 22


Table of Contents for the Modern Literal Version (book form):

 

Copyright

Preface

General Translation Notes

Definitions

Simple Reading Schedule

Evangelism & Truth

Introduction to the Good News

Matthew

Mark

Luke

John

Introduction to Acts: The Book of Conversions

Acts

Introduction to the Letters

Romans

1 Corinthians

2 Corinthians

Galatians

Ephesians

Philippians

Colossians

1 Thessalonians

2 Thessalonians

1 Timothy

2 Timothy

Titus

Philemon

Hebrews

James

1 Peter

2 Peter

1 John

2 John

3 John

Jude

Revelation

Traditions and Selling Bibles

Talking to Others about the MLV

Verb, Tenses, Moods

The New Koine Greek Textbook (Offshoot of the MLV)

Constantly Changing Verses or Wording

English Words That Share the Same Greek Word

Notes to Translators of Foreign Language Bibles

Greek History During New Testament Times

Wording for UK English Dictionary

Bible Accuracy Chart

The Modern Literal Version Wording Statistics





Holy Bible

Modern Literal Version

New Testament

2017 Beta Update


© Copyright 1999, 2016 by G. Allen Walker, Co-Editor. World-wide restrictions as follows:


We are not here to make money and we will entertain requests for any items not listed below.


1. The purpose of a Copyright is to prevent others from claiming a Copyright and subsequently altering the text.


2. When quoting the Modern Literal Version, the quotes are to be noted by Modern Literal Version or MLV. Footnoting larger amounts is totally acceptable.


3. This translation may be used in any Bible commentary, study module, tract, class book, or similar study materials as long as it is noted according to the guidelines above, and the MLV’s part does not exceed 80% of the volume of the total project; so ‘have at it.’ Essentially, you may quote 6,000 verses without permission. (Contact us, we will be happy to assist you in the completion of your project.)


4. After 80% you are prohibited from selling the Copyrighted MLV! Are you aware of violations? Please let us know.


5. Incorporation of the MLV into a computer-generated software format, non-profit or give-away, is permissible, provided that you have initiated a request to do so in writing. Should you violate our restrictions, and sell your product, any MLV notation must be removed from the product. If you find any software or module that is not linked from our main web page, consider the files there as being altered, pirated or may potentially contain spyware.


6. The HTML version and search engine can be reproduced on other web sites but requires permission. (There are too many OLD copies of the MLV around and we would like to have those updated.)


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8. The authorized Kindle edition is available only from amazon.com in BOLD Letter for color blind people and Kindles or Red Letter Editions.


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Preface to the Modern Literal Version 2017 TOC


Quick Overview


The Modern Literal Version uses the Majority Text (The New Testament in the Original Greek, Byzantine Textform 2005, Compiled and Arranged by Maurice A. Robinson and William Pierpont).


Two distinct and opposite techniques are used in translating the New Testament from the Greek. The Modern Literal Version is the first type, a ‘literal’ translation sometimes called ‘word-for-word’ translation. The second, and most common in the past 30 years, is to paraphrase the Greek into English. The latter type of translation is known by various names such as: dynamic equivalence, free style, thought-for-thought, better than a word-for-word, essentially literal and so on. We understand the value of paraphrases for those looking for a Bible that reads as easily as a newspaper, however we feel strongly about having a Bible without opinions, and instead faithfully reproducing the original Greek Bible into Modern English. One way to look at it is like this: if there was a court case with a particular document that was being used as evidence, and this document was in a foreign language, would a ‘thought-for-thought’ translation be acceptable? The ‘document’ we are talking about here is the ‘Last Will and Testament’ of our Lord Jesus and Savior. The goal of everyone who has worked on the Modern Literal Version has been to keep any form of commentary or paraphrase out of the translation as is humanly possible. The MLV is not sold for profit because there is no denomination, publishing company, foundation or government behind it. All Christian groups have had the opportunity to propose fixes for the MLV or to assist in some way. The only uninspired traditions kept in the MLV are: punctuation and capitalization; chapter and verse numbers; and book order.


The Open Source Bible Translation


The Modern Literal Version New Testament is considered ‘completed,’ although it has been open for revision by anyone since 1998. Our utmost desire is to have a translation that has no translation errors in it and we believe that the best way to produce an error-free translation is to keep it open to the public in the same manner as ‘open-source software’ is to programmers. In 16 years, we have found no better way than our ‘open’ translation idea to achieve this goal. Absolutely anyone in the world is able to contribute to the translation, including, the several million who have visited the Christian Library. You, too, may make recommendations or help in other ways, with either Greek or English type proofreading. If the recommendations warrant another update next year, we will do one each year in printed form and a Kindle edition, otherwise we will provide a corrections list on the website. Free electronic versions are updated periodically throughout the year, as needed on the web sites and Facebook. The ‘cutting edge’ update is always the BOLD Letter Edition PDF at:

http://www.ModernLiteralVersion.org/bibles/MLV/MLVBL.pdf


As far as we know, this ‘open’ translation idea is unique to the MLV. You are invited to participate in helping to make the MLV error-free. There is even a Facebook group at https://www.facebook.com/groups/MLVbible. All who have helped have contributed to further the readability or accuracy of this translation or simply have double checked previous efforts. Now is the time for the Bible to be placed in the hands of everyday Christians, without employing a huge publishing company focused on making money. If you can suggest any corrections please send an email to mlvbible@gmail.com with subject line: ‘MLV’.


History


The ‘Modern Literal Version New Testament’ came about in 1987 due to a young Christian’s goal to find an accurate Modern English translation from which to study. The New American Standard contradicted itself in Matthew 5:17 and Ephesians 2:15 for example. Almost all other Modern English translations do not claim to be literal or word-for-word and most that make such a claim are factually not. Concordance look-ups in all existing translations present non-uniform Greek word renderings and this too was an issue of concern.


A Bible Study Group, of which this new Christian was a part, was actively doing topical, English and Greek word studies with their Bibles and ‘Englishman’s Greek Concordances.’ They discovered that the ASV was the most accurate translation, and initially started a study Bible cross reference section for it. Then an idea developed to do a computerized revision of the 1901 American Standard Version for the public domain, code named ‘ASV3'. Eventually, these ideas were dropped due to too many problems: the underlying Greek text, massive footnoting, archaic words, inconsistent Greek word translations, etc. A better idea grew, the creation of a modern (English) literal version (which later became its name). A group of workers, computer owners and scholars, who believe in the total authority and inspiration of the Bible, devoted time, advice, software, money and work to the project. Now, over 28 years later, at least 62 experts in the original language have contributed work needed to make this translation a reality. Many others, about 250, have also helped with large amounts of proofreading, improvements to English comprehension, double-checking Greek definitions, compounds, synonyms, Greek concordance look-ups, accuracy checks and/or other menial (but extremely essential) tasks. A few thousand corrections have been received via E-mail for changes, so far. We will never be able to express our gratitude enough to all of these people, living and deceased.


The MLV was the first translation to use the power of the computer (an 8086), and would have been impossible before the computer age. This translation would have been impossible without WordPerfect (special thanks to Corel Corporation).


The original intentions and guidelines for the Modern Literal Version


1. To translate the original Greek of the Bible, word-for-word, into English, then to further boost the accuracy of the MLV, we translate the same Greek word into as few different English words as is possible. We also do this for English words by not using the same English word for different Greek words. Careful attention was paid to synonyms, antonyms, compound words and the few Greek words which truly have multiple meanings. One way to look at this is: if God wanted 10 different words used instead of one single Greek word, the inspired writers would have penned it that way. The New Testament is its own best commentary when you see the same Greek word translated into the same English word throughout. We call this ‘uniform and consistent’ translating and we believe that we’re the first translation to ever attempt this. This form of translation is an extremely challenging task, and not one that many translators would ever take the time to do, even though it is now possible to do with computers. More information is in the ‘Wording Statistics’ section at the end of the 8.5'x11' or on the web site or in e-Sword.


2. The goal of the MLV was not to make it perfect everyday English, but to try to make it understandable to the majority of English speaking people, while remaining literal. Many sentences in the MLV start with conjunctions like ‘and,’ ‘but,’ ‘for’ and ‘because.’ This was so that we could split incredibly long sentences, some of which were more than 50 words in length, into shorter ones as we were translating the text into English. The Modern Literal Version is at about a 13 year old’s reading level.


3. To translate some verses that have been misinterpreted for years by many religious groups, as close as possible to the original language.


4. To use italics for supplied words and use supplied words as opposed to paraphrasing. We want people to see what we added.


5. To translate the money and measuring systems of the Bible into some understandable form.


6. To use ‘will’ for all future tenses. Though it is not proper Modern English. It is the way most English people speak. However, ‘shall’ is retained in questions.


7. To use paragraph format. Verse format often take meanings out of context or contributes toward misinterpretations of the context.


8. To use the more proper ‘may’ or ‘might’ for the subjunctive mood verbs. The ASV used ‘should’ and ‘shall.’ Shall is not consider ‘conditional’ in Modern English, but future tense. (See more in the ‘Verb, Tenses, Moods’ section).


9. To arrange the Greek word order into normal English word order of subject verb object, (SVO). Following Greek word order is not more literal or accurate; if we retained the Greek order it would just be more like an interlinear without the Greek.


10. To footnote or explain in the ‘Definitions’ section places where a literal translation could not be understood or an idiom used by the common Greeks. For example: ‘into/to the ages’ is an idiom for ‘forever.’ (These are not as common as many people would have you believe).


11. To render active tense verbs as ‘is/are verb-ing’ to help show action. Many people wrongly say the ‘-eth’ ending used in older translations meant continual action. It was simply the way they spoke before the 1800's.


12. To fix the preposition and conjunction problems that plague all translations. Our biggest fix is the English word ‘for’ that was used even in the ASV for several Greek words which mean ‘because of,’ ‘because,’ ‘to,’ ‘ toward,’ ‘of,’ ‘in/on behalf of’ and a mild form of ‘because.’ The MLV translated all Greek words that mean ‘because,’ ‘because of’ and ‘in/on behalf of’ as such. The other meanings are shown by use of asterisks (*) with the two most common Greek words translated as ‘for’ (‘eis,' G1520 = *for and G1063 ‘gar’ = for*).


13. To avoid inconsistencies caused by splitting up the translators and proofreaders into groups. A typical translation may have 100 plus people but by the time you split them into 25 or more committees the number of people in one particular book might be as little as 4 and those different groups can cause stylistic and translation variations. Those who volunteer with the MLV tend to work all the way through the New Testament, so in the MLV the total per book far exceeds any committee type translation.


14. To include a Harmony of the New Testament with AD dates, which gives a person the ability to read the New Testament straight through or in chronological order. (Start at Mark, then go to Acts: The Book of Conversions.)


15. When traditional rendering are not Greek, they will be translated properly. Oh well the theologians will just have to adjust; (added in 2013 because we found us also following tradition).


16. Translate words using their full translation even if a little too wordy in places to denote differences between English wording used for different Greek wording. Two examples are: ‘together with’ vs. ‘with’ (G4862 & its compounds); ‘go-onward’ vs. ‘go’ (G4198 and its compounds).


The 1987-1999 version, at roughly 95% completed, was formally U.S. copyrighted and placed into the ‘Christian Library’ in June, 1999 at http://www.ChristianLibrary.org. In 2014, the MLV has an official site http://www.ModernLiteralVersion.org. The Christian Library is a mirror site to deal with most of the bandwidth issues (special thanks to ISCnetwork.com).

http://www.ModernLiteralVersion.com is for future growth in 2017.


Finally, a challenge to all who think that another translation is more accurate to the original Greek than the MLV: show us the correction needed! Please remember ‘thus saith the Greek’ not ‘my version says.’ This translation needs to be judged by the Greek, not anything else!


In Christ,

G. Allen Walker, June 9, 1999.

Computer Tech for the New Testament, 1987-2012

Revised and updated by multiple helpers from 2001-2015.

To God is the glory. Amen.


General Translation Notes TOC


We want an error-free translation. We want your input should you ever find a typo or a better Greek correction for the MLV. As far as we know the MLV is the only Bible in print that does. Please check: www.modernliteralversion.org for a current PDF update to make sure the typo or fix has not already been applied before submitting to mlvbible@gmail.com. Thank you in advance.


The primary goal is to keep the MLV free from theological concerns and traditions by translating the text as literally as possible while retaining modern language and readability. The ‘Open Source’ approach is also a great ‘checks and balance’ system.


The MLV is NOT under the control of any denomination or publishing company or government and is not the current work of any either that is why it can be sold for no profit.


The Greeks wrote in present tense to give the reader the feeling of ‘being there’ and so this translation leaves present tense unchanged.


Asterisks (*) are used for denoting words listed in the ‘Definitions’ section below. These are for the few instances where the English translation does not lend itself to a satisfactory meaning of the underlying Greek word. In addition to this, we use an asterisk to denote the difference between one English word that is being used for two different Greek words (for example, see Age* below.) This substantially aids word studies.


A hyphen (-) is used in those places where two English words come from a single Greek word. It is of particular benefit to Greek scholars and the student who wishes to cross-reference words to the MLV concordance and Greek lexicon.


Italicized words are words not found directly in the Greek but are implied by the context. These words are sometimes needed to help show action, tense or expansion of the meaning of words that the English does not convey. Since the MLV is literal, not ‘thought-for-thought,' supplied words are of significant assistance for those phrases which are exceptionally difficult to read. By pointing out these words using italics the reader has the option to disregard them. The articles ‘a’ and ‘an’ are not found in the Greek and as such, are always supplied though never marked.


Paragraphs are used in this translation with no credence given to chapter or verse numbers since verse formats, chapter titles or other special formatting often takes ideas out of context, (for example, see Mark 8:34 to 9:1). Double spaced paragraphs are an attempt to arrange sentences by subject. Single-spaced paragraphs are for conversations or for sub-topics. We did not include subject headings since we decided this would reflect opinions, and something not desirable in the Word of God.


Single or double quotation marks are not used in this translation for conversations, since they are not found in the original language. Adding them would be an area of opinion.


We also do not capitalize pronouns that appear to be referring to God (‘Him,’ ‘He’ etc). This is to avoid inserting our opinion in the translation; the Greek does not make these distinctions.


Red Lettering or Bold Lettering (electronic or printed edition) is used for the words of Jesus, God the Father and the Holy Spirit even in an indirect quote as in Acts 26. If you do not believe the RED or BOLD should be used in a certain area, please ignore.


Greek is participle crazy. A rather large number of participles are found in sentences; it is common that a sentence contains no main verb, and one participle after another. We have added supplied words in an effort to stay more literal and yet break these into smaller, more readable English sentences.


The curly brackets ({...}) offer additional information. They are blue in the Red Letter edition or gray in the Bold Letter release. These contain:

               1. The Old Testament reference at the end of the verse, which may be an exact quote or a paraphrase by the inspired writer, or simply the location of the historical event. Single quotes are used at the beginning and end of actual quotes or paraphrases. We did not attempt to translate the Greek in Old Testament quotes to match the Hebrew to English translations.

               2. We use a superscript ‘{F}’ to represent footnotes to the left of the word instead of subscript 1,2,3, etc., as done by most. The reader can read the actual footnote at the end of the chapter. This is just one way we use to keep one master copy for various printed and electronic formats.

               3. We used a {T} to denote wording that is not found in the majority of manuscripts. Most of these were early attempts to harmonize various events which were added into the KJV or maybe commentary that was added which later became part of the text by copyists. The exception being, Acts 8:37 in which the last section ‘I believe Jesus Christ to be the Son of God.’ was quoted in the late 2nd Century by Irenaeus, which predates almost all manuscripts, so 8:37 was inserted back into the MLV text. 1Jn 5.7b-8a was put there from the Catholic Latin Bible and it not included.

               4. ‘Harmony of the New Covenant’ is a man-made study help and combines information from the four books of Jesus’ life here on the earth and place the actual time that the letters were written in the book of Acts. (The Bible was not written in Encyclopedia format. Not all information on any subject is generally all inclusive in any one area.) Here is an example of the ‘Great Commission’ or better ‘How to Make or Become a Disciple of Christ’ and the way it is represented in the Modern Literal Version throughout Mark.


{Mk 16:15-18 and Mt 28:18-20 and Lk 24:46-47 Mountain in Galilee}


Here is a combination of the above passages as an example, Mark is BOLD, Matthew is black, Luke is gray (the punctuation was fixed to attempt to make it easier to read in English).


And he said to them, As you* are going (You* go) into all the world and preach the good-news (thus it has been written, that the Christ must suffer and rise up from the dead the third day), should be preached in his name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem to the whole creation, make disciples of all the nations.

              He who believes and is immersed, (immersing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit and that repentance and forgiveness of sins) will be saved; teaching them to observe all things whatever I commanded you*.

              But he who disbelieves will be condemned.

And behold, I am with you* all the days, until the end of the world.


Definitions TOC


A, An are always supplied words in English but not marked in the text.


Age* is Strong’s Dictionary number 2244 (henceforth, we will abbreviate as G2214 for electronic and book uniformity). It is used in very much the same way we think of a person’s ‘age.’ The other ‘age, ages’ without the *, is for a period of time. This ‘age’ is also translated as ‘world.’ Context determines which word should be used. See World below.


Admonish means to ‘instruct with warning’ G3560.


Ambassador* see Apostle below.


And from G2532 is used the way we use a comma in lists. We have kept these ‘and’ and any other Greek words that we could, even if they are not ‘English teacher approved.’


Apostle is a transliterated word. The English equivalent would be ‘one sent’ with the meaning of ‘one sent on a mission.’ Apostle has been kept when speaking of Jesus’ apostles. Ambassador* is the other rendering of this Greek word and a better translation of G652.


Appointed* is G5087 which literally is ‘placed’ but we don’t use ‘placed’ that way in English. The other ‘appointed’ without the * is from compounds of G5021 and means ‘command or appoint.’


Assuredly is literally ‘amen’ which roughly means ‘so be it.’ Jesus said this, (sometimes twice), at the beginning of His teachings. In the KJV this was translated ‘verily, verily.’ G281.


Baptism see the translation: Immersion.


Be, is, was, were, being, been verbs are generally ‘helper words’ added to other English verbs, adjectives or rarely nouns, to translate some Greek verbs. When they are not ‘helper words’ then they are from compounds of G1096 (‘become’), G1510 (‘be, is, was...’) and sometimes but rarely G2192 (‘have, hold, help’) and G5225 (denoted as be*, is*, was*, were* being*; exist, possess).


Because is probably the largest improvement in the MLV over all other translations. In translations dating from 1423 even up to now, the English word ‘for’ has been used for words that should have always been translated as ‘because,’ G473, G3754, or ‘because of,’ G1223, G1360, G1752, G5484. A synonym that loses so much meaning is ‘on behalf of’ G5228. Jesus did not die for us; he died on behalf of us. See For, also.


Believe, belief, faith, faithful, entrust in verb, adjective, adverb, or noun forms, are some of those very few Greek words (G4100, G4102, G4103) which carry more meaning than the English equivalent. These words also carry the meaning: ‘obey,' ‘had been persuaded.’ In the Greek language, the antonym of ‘believe’ is ‘is/was/were disobedient’ (G544). See John 3:36 for both words together in the same verse.


Believe in literally means ‘believe into,’ and Believe on literally means ‘believe upon’ in the majority of all places in the New Testament. A similar expression is found in Mat 28:19 ‘into the name.’


Belt is impossible to contextually distinguish; it could be a simple belt, or a complex series of leather straps used to hold tools, weapons, money or a belt of armor. The girdle (belt) was worn on the hips, or waist, or across the chest. G2223.


Between* is an idiom meaning ‘up through the middle,’ G3319.


Bowels are where the Greeks thought the emotions were born. This is where we get expressions such as ‘desires of the heart,’ ‘gut feeling,’ ‘nervous stomach’ and so on. G4698.


Brethren is specifically ‘brothers’ but used more often to describe kinfolk, whether by family ties or by the blood of Jesus. Though translated from a Greek masculine noun, G80, the word includes males and females in context.


Bring* can be translated as ‘lead,’ G71 and its compounds. This was done primarily for concordance look-ups.


By (and ‘under’) is the literal translation of the Greek word G5229. Otherwise, ‘by’ is a substitution, since the pure English translation just does not really conform to normal English usage. Most of the previous ones in the MLV (before we fixed them) were primarily ‘through’ (‘dia’ G1223) which is now down to 3 or ‘from’ or ‘out of’ (‘ek’ G1537) now down to 6 or the literal ‘in’ (‘en’ G1722) unknown number are left. An interesting fact from this is that ‘by faith’ or ‘by the faith’ was never truly literal. Oh well, the theologians will have to adjust.


Call* is from G3004 (say, speak) and might be better as ‘is spoken of as’ or ‘is spoken to be’ and is different from the compounds of the synonyms G2596 (invited, called, surnamed) and G3687 (is named).


Centurion*, used in Mark, is simply the Latin version of the word since he wrote to a Gentile audience.


Centurions were military commanders of over 100 soldiers. They were highly esteemed individuals of society. (G2763, Latin root; G1543, Greek.)


Charity in the MLV does not mean ‘money.’ It may include money but literally means ‘good, merciful or kind acts.’ G1654


Christ is a transliterated Greek adjective, G5547, that would translate as ‘anointed.’ Messiah is the Hebrew translation. In the 2015 version it was rendered as ‘Jesus the Christ’ either a title or a description but dropped in 2016 version.


Church, see Congregation* below.


Class (a noun) is the priestly service limited to a stated series of days. G2183. This is not to be confused with ‘class’ (a verb), which is found at 2 Cor. 10:12. G1469.


Cohort is a Roman military term used to describe a group of 600 soldiers. G4686.


Come* would literally be ‘become’ or possibly ‘come to be’ but we just don’t speak that way. G1096.


Coming (as in Second Coming), G3952, has been translated more properly as ‘presence.’


Commanders were military commanders of over 1000 soldiers. G5506


Congregation(s)* was the original translation by Tyndale in the first English translation from the Greek and then later changed to ‘church’ by the Reformed Protestants in the Geneva Bible, and is a man-made word. The word ‘church’ was then perpetuated by the Catholic Church and Church of England up until today and is now used in most translations simply because of tradition. This man-made tradition has been used over the centuries to promote a ‘church’ rather than the Lord’s ‘congregation’ of believers. The word in context is not a name but a description of ownership, or simply a local congregation located in some area. The word could be translated ‘assembly.’ In Modern English, most think of ‘church’ as a building. The original Greek word, even in the Bible, carries no special reverence. It is used to describe Jews, a mob, a local congregation, and the congregation of faithful, obedient believers worldwide as in Matthew 16:18, Acts 2:47, called the one body in Eph. 4:1-6, Eph 5:23 and others. Translating this Greek word as ‘the called out’ would be like saying a ‘pineapple’ is an ‘apple produced by a pine tree.’ The word was in use in all Greek writings and meant some form of ‘leaving your home to congregate elsewhere, generally in public for town announcements.’ (G1577).


Consequently* is used to translate a couple Greek particles, G686 and G687. Consequently is not exactly ‘therefore’ in English. It means that the previous statement is probably so or will become so.


Container(s). The Bible uses Hebrew and Greek measurements, such as ‘cor’ which is a measurement of volume equal to about 90 gallons. We rendered these words as volume + the word ‘container.’ For example, ‘ninety-gallon container.’This was done so we would not have to footnote every mention of these words; see Luke 16:7.


Covenant* can be translated as ‘agreement,’ ‘contract,’ ‘testament’ or ‘will’ as in the expression ‘last will and testament.’ The underlying Greek word, G1242 and its compounds were translated uniformly as ‘covenant’ because ‘testament’ has no verb forms in English. It could refer to the Old or New Testament or Covenant, or just a simple agreement, depending on the context. The Old Testament law was until the death of Jesus and the New Testament law is after His death, (see Hebrews 9-10 and Galatians 4:4). The entire letter to the Hebrews deals with why Christians are no longer bound by the laws or traditions of the Old Testament. The events recorded in the Gospels and the first chapter of Acts were actually part of the Old Covenant with God.


Cubit is a forearm’s length. About 20-21 inches depending of which cubit measurement was common to that area. G4083.


Dead* is a Greek word, G5053, literally translated as ‘ended.’


Denarius is a coin of the Roman currency system which we have retained in the MLV translation. Plural is denarii. The various other denominations are given here a rough comparison to Modern Day American currency.

               1. A denarius was equivalent to a day’s wage of the normal working class. It was a silver coin with Caesar’s face on it. G1220.

               2. Two drachmas was worth about 4 denarius, translated as ‘four-denarii.’ G1323.

               3. A lepton was a bronze coin, translated as ‘bronze-coin.’ Two of these is equal to an Assarion or Quadran which are copper coins worth the cost of a dove or two sparrows, which is about a couple mouthfuls of food. Assarion and Quadran are translated as ‘copper coin.’ About 50 cents in US money. G3016.

               4. Mina which is translated as ‘200 denarius coins’ is a about 80% of a year’s salary in modern terms. In context it probably meant a whole years wage. G3414.

               5. Slater was a coin equal to two drachmas or four denarii, translated as ‘four-denarii coin.’ G4715.

               6. Talant is not a coin but actually about 75 pounds of silver. Equal to about 1 million dollars in US money today which is roughly 6000 denarius coins. Talant has nothing to do with the English word ‘talent’ which was how the Greek word, G5007, was erroneously transliterated in various other translations. This has lead to much confusion and is kept in other translations due to tradition.


Devil was changed to ‘the Slanderer’ in the 2013 version, is back in 2015. The Greek word is an adjective used as a noun, a transliteration of Hebrew, which has a perfect English equivalent ‘a slanderer.’ This Greek word is where we got ‘diabolical.’ The Bible even uses the Slanderer and the Adversary (previously rendered Satan) together in Rev. 12:9 and 20:2.


Different as it occurs six times in the MLV is from the Greek word, G2087, which is translated as ‘other’ or ‘another.’ In context, it might mean something added as opposed to something different or opposite.


Disobedience* is the result of a ‘refusal to hear,’ or more subtly a refusal to take in what you hear. G3876. The other disobedience (without the *) is the end result of ‘disbelieve.’ G543.


Divine* is the only ‘divine’ that literally comes from the base word ‘God.’ G2304 and G2316.


Encounter* is literally ‘throw together with’ from G4820.


Enmity has lost some of its meaning in current English usage. It is best described as a blend of hatred, opposition; to be an enemy. G2189.


Except* is the improper preposition of G4133. The other ‘except’ (without the *) is an idiom of the literal ‘if not’ (G1508, G1487 and G3361).


Fallen-asleep is from the Greek word, G2837, which is used to mean death in most instances.


For is a preposition that has no true Greek equivalent. ‘To’ is the literal translation in all places in the Modern Literal Version. Asterisk (*) versions are listed below. The conjunction ‘for’ used in other translations, which means ‘because, because of, in or on behalf of,’ are translated as such in the MLV.


*For represents the Greek preposition G1519 (eis), that is literally translated as ‘into,' ‘to’ or ‘toward.’ It never means ‘because of.’ No translation has ever translated ‘eis’ as ‘because of.’ Sometimes ‘leading toward’ works very well to get the meaning across and has been used by many translations in some places. This preposition expresses forward action in the Greek verb where the English word ‘for’ can be used with verbs of actions past or future. Again, all Greek words in the Modern Literal Version that mean ‘because’ are translated as ‘because.’


For* represents the Greek word G1063 (gar). It is a conjunction with no exact English equivalent. It is a mild form of ‘because.’


Forgive* and its verb forms are the verb form of the Greek noun translated as ‘favor’ or ‘grace.’ G5483


Fornication is from the Greek word G4202 (pornia), which means any premarital or extramarital sexual acts between two or more people. It also means prostitution with its Greek base word meaning ‘sell.’ It does not in anyway mean lust. It means physical sex, including all variations of physical sex. This word should never be translated as ‘immorality’ or ‘sexual immorality’ as many translations have done.


Furlong is 1/8 of a mile in English. But in the MLV it is from G4218 (stadium), which is 1/8 of a Roman mile 607 ft. (53 ft. less than the modern furlong).


Gentiles is also translated as ‘nations.’ The word means all nations which are not Israel or all people who are not Jews. G1484.


Gift*, Gifts* are G5496, another noun form of the Greek noun, G5485, translated as ‘favor’ or ‘grace.’


Gird means to put on your belt, the final act of dressing yourself for the public or for a job, (see Belt also). G2224.


Godliness* is literally ‘devoutness.’ The base word is ‘worship’ not ‘God.’ Modern English does not necessarily use the word ‘devout’ as something to do with God. G2125.


Good* is literally ‘well.’ G2095 and compounds. The other ‘good’ (no *) are actually two synonyms. Good in general and good outwardly. G0018 and G2570.


Good-news is simply just ‘good news’ or used to mean Jesus and His teaching in general, (1Cor. 15:1-4; 2Thes. 1:8, etc.). Originally in the MLV, the Greek word was translated as ‘gospel’ in the religious context and ‘good news’ in other contexts but was adopted as ‘good-news’ throughout in 2013 in order not to ‘commentate’ in the Word. G2098.


Gracious* is the translation of G2128. Traditionally, in other translations, the word ‘blessed’ was an adjective in all the places that would have read something along the lines of: ‘Blessed be God.’ (‘Fortunate’ be God, is craziness. ‘Happy’ be God, is again craziness. God is surely not ‘happy’ with us.)


Minister* with its other verb and noun forms are words from G3008-G3011, these are to describe a type of servant whose service is more public vs. the domestic servant, or bondservant who are house or estate workers and the bondservant who serve who owns his bond. Most translation just make these all ‘serve’ and ‘servant’ and do not take in consideration the different Greek words and the slight differences.


Prostitute is the best English word we have that is not vulgar to describe a sexually promiscuous individual or a prostitute or both, primarily female. Context is not always certain as to which meaning is applicable either. G4204.


Heart(s)* is literally the intestines. The Greeks thought emotions were born there, in the way we often feel emotions in our gut. G4698.


Helper* is from a Greek masculine noun, G3875, always capitalized. It is a ‘person called to help.’


Hosanna is a Hebrew word meaning ‘Save me, I pray.’ or ‘Please deliver me.’


Helper words, are words added to help translate certain Greek tenses, moods, cases, person, direction, timing or intensity into English; they are not supplied words.


Immerse* or dipping is a translation of the Greek verb, G0907 (baptizo), and its Greek variations (immersion*, immerser*), which all mean to submerge completely. Baptize is a transliterated word which has been retained by most translations for profit. Baptism is not used in the Modern Literal Version. In 1999, until baptism was changed to immersion in about 2002, over 75% of the comments for revision of the Modern Literal Version from readers or visitors to the Christian Library were ‘make baptism immersion.’ This word has a perfect English equivalent and so immersion has been used. For a Bible definition read Romans 6:1-6. The Greek word was common to the Greeks and was used to describe a ‘bath,’ ‘washing dishes,’ ‘ceremonial washing’ and ‘Christian baptism.’ See Mark 7:4,8; Mark 16:16, Colossians 2:12-14, 1 Peter 3:21, etc. This word never meant ‘shower.’ There is a Greek word, G4472, for ‘sprinkling,’ G4472 (base word ‘rain-o’), and it is also used in the New Testament. Since the MLV is not made for profit, we will be keeping ‘immersion.’


Indeed* (if indeed) is a conditional particle (G1437b and G1512). The real interesting one is the indeed (G3303) without an asterisk and its use with ‘but’ G1161 in comparative statements.


Iota (subscript) and serif are the smallest punctuation or accent marks of Greek. G2503.


Irreproachable, G410, and Unimpeachable, G423, always plural, are both in the qualifications of Lord’s earthly congregation’s leadership, described in various Bible versions and locations within as: elders, bishops, overseers, pastors, shepherds, presbyters. These words do not translate well into English. They are simply a description of a person not under an accusation by an enemy or legal system or better as under any accusation for that matter, this person is blameless, guiltless and has an impeccable reputation.


Keep in the MLV is one of those very few Greek words, G5083 and compounds, which carry more meaning than the English word. The word carries with it: ‘to guard’ and/or ‘to watch over.’ ‘Keep’ the commandments would be to ‘guard’ them from harm too.


Koine Greek is the language of the New Testament, it was not even known to exist before the 1880's. All translators and reference books (Strong’s Dictionaries for a really good example) written before then were based on the idea that all Greek is the same Greek from Homer to that time with little variations even as the language changed from use over the centuries.


Lie and its other verb forms are all related to ‘falsehood.’ English teachers may not approve of the MLV using ‘laying’ and ‘laid’ for transitive and intransitive verbs of ‘lay,' but a 13 year old and second English speaking people will. In context it may be hard for even English teachers to know for sure what the expression “lie in opposition” actually means without the adjustment to “lay in opposition.”


Loins is literally the hips or hip areas.


Like is literally ‘as.’ It was common to their language, but comes across as slang in English. G5613.


Likewise* is G5615, a purely literal translation would be ‘as the same” (i.e. likewise, similarly), and is marked more as a way to show it is not the other likewise which is from G3668 (similar).


Love*, loved*, loving* are words meaning Christian love. This word in religious writings had an intensified meaning, sacrificial love. The same Greek spoken outside of the Bible, ‘love of people’ or simply ‘like.’ The Greeks had different words for different kinds of love, unlike English. This word is G25 (agapao).


Make*, makes*, made*, making* are simply the rendering of G4160 (poieo), and a few of its compounds. All other renderings of ‘make’ wording are where the word ‘make’ is added to another English verb or noun to better translate a Greek word into English.


May, Might, Should see Subjunctive Mood in ‘Definitions Continued’ section.


Messenger is simply transliterated as ‘angel’ in many translations, G32; we have opted to translate it rather than transliterate. Only context can determine if the messenger was from God or man or the Evil One.


Never* would be best rendered as ‘in absolutely no way!’ an emphatic no! or not! but is just way too wordy to fit into most verses. When never* occurs with the subjunctive mood verb as in, ‘may never,’ it does not mean ‘will not.’ Instead, there is a slight possibility this could happen. This has been a Tyndale tradition replicated over and over for the past 600 years. Oh well the theologians will have to adjust.


Obey*, obedient*, obedience* are G5218 and 5219. It is related to listening obediently to someone with authority. For example, a soldier listening to and obeying his commanding officer or children to their parents, as in: ‘Children, obey* your* parents.’ The other ‘obey’ and ‘obedient’ words, G3980, G3982, come from the same root word as ‘believe.’ (See Believe).


Of* literally means ‘out of.’ This is unique to John and 1 John. G1537.


Offend and Offense literally means to ‘snare,' ‘stumble’ or a ‘cause to stumble.’ G4634 and G4625.


Only begotten is from a Greek word G3439 which literally means ‘only born of a mother’ (Classical Greek of the LXX) or ‘only born of a father’ (The Father)’ (Koine Greek of the N.T.). This clarifies the statement in the Bible ‘we are all sons of God through Christ Jesus,’ and we do not end up with a Bible contradiction as others who have used ‘one and only,’ ‘only,’ ‘only born.’ One other line of thought is ‘only unique,’ but this removes the ‘born’ part. ‘Only special born’ would then settle all instances in the New Testament and would still fit the Greek.


Pregnant* is literally ‘swollen,’ G1471, and the other ‘pregnant,’ G1094, is ‘with a belly.’ The Greeks did not have a good word for pregnancy.


Present* is a different Greek word (G3918) from the other more common ‘present’ (Greek compounds of G2476).


Rabbi and Rabboni both mean teacher in the Hebrew language. G4461 and G4462.


Recognize is also translated as ‘fully know’ or ‘know fully.’ It is the reader’s choice of which they prefer, since they are interchangeable. G1921.


Rejected* has more meaning to it in the Greek and is best thought of as: ‘they tested it, they did not like it and so they rejected it.’ G593.


Rise* and Raise* with other verb forms are literally ‘stand up,’ but that poses a problem since we do not use that idiom in English, G0450.


Separate* and other verb forms are from ‘border or boundary’ which would be ‘border off’ or the lighter meaning of ‘quarantine off.’ The other ‘separate’ is ‘make room between.’ G0873.


Serve* and other verb forms are the verb form of bondservant, which is best described as to serve in or under bondage of someone which could be voluntarily or not. Moses was a bondservant, which is how he gained his wife. Bondservants could be slaves, people paying off a debt or hired servants under a contract. The specific type of servant cannot be determined, even in context. G1398.


Should, May, Might see Subjunctive Mood in the Verb, Tense and Moods’ section.


Sold* is G4097 and is only used in the sense of ‘sold for money.’ The other sell, sold (G4453) can also be barter or exchange.


Spirit in capitalized form as rendered in the ASV was used in the MLV, since we never read of any disputes of its renderings in the 100 yrs it was used commonly. If you, as the reader, believe Spirit is not the Holy Spirit just ignore the capital ‘S.’ All capitalization and punctuation are man made, please ignore any you believe to be wrong. ‘The Spirit of the truth’ as it occurs in the Greek 3 times in John 14-16, and maybe once in 1 John 4, could be a title, ‘Spirit of Truth.’ G4151.


Spirit* is literally ‘soul.’ G5590. ‘Breath of life’ and its compounds occur only in Philippians 2.


Standard* is like a U.S. yardstick. A round straight piece of wood or metal used as a standard of measurement to measure the length or distance of something. It is used figuratively in most instances of the New Testament. G2583.


Stewardship means to manage the house or household, or to manage the affairs of others. G3622.


Than though marked as supplied, is most often a translation of a genitive Greek word when next to a comparative or superlative adjective or adverb; a Greek idiom. As an example ‘he is greater of me’ would be ‘he is greater than I.’


*That is G3705 which is stronger than Modern English ‘that.’ It means ‘in order that’ but not as strong as the word that*, listed below.


That* in Greek is G2443 (hina), which literally means ‘in order that’ but is just too wordy for some English sentences.


*That* was used to replace a Greek idiom that reads ‘to the to verb’ (G1519 (eis) + G3588 neutered (to) + an infinitive verb), occasionally G4314 instead of G1519. The ASV scholars had started to replace this idiom with ‘to the end {the subject} should/may {the verb}.’ We did this uniformly throughout the New Testament until the 2015 version but as ‘to this end, that {the subject} should/may {the verb}’ but even this is difficult to read. So now we have done the second best option by converting all of these to a subjunctive like form, ‘*that* {the subject} should/may {the verb}.’ *That* can be read as ‘in order that’ if this makes more sense.


The occurs in Greek same as in English with one major exception, ‘the’ is used with proper nouns. ‘Paul’ is literally ‘the Paul.’ We have tried to include all definite articles other than those with proper nouns. Many would say they should be dropped in some places but our opinion in this matter is if the inspired writers included ‘the’ then we should put it there in English whenever possible. The inspired writers could have left ‘the’ out in most of these questionable places and it still would have been good Greek grammar, especially in Paul’s and Luke’s writings who were fluent in speaking Greek. G3588.


View is a stronger form of ‘see’ or ‘look.’ It means to ‘view as a spectator’ or to ‘view from the side lines.’ View implies that there is more attention being given to what is being viewed. G2334.


Then* is also translated as ‘therefore.’ G3767.


Travel, can be a short distance or around the world. This word is also translated as go-onward, compounds of G4198.


When*, and while*, are helpers words used to help create English like verb tenses from Greek participles.


With* is literally ‘in’ or ‘at’ or ‘among,’ G1722 (en).


World is also the word ‘age.’ The Greek thoughts of a period of time as what was inclusive of all the world since in their knowledge all the world was under Roman rule. G165.


Wormwood may be a person or thing, and an actual substance which is bitter tasting. G894.


You*, your*, yours*, are the plural forms of ‘you’ and ‘your.’ By keeping these you will find teachings in the MLV that are lost in almost all other Modern English translations. We have never understood why modern translators fail to incorporate the plural ‘you.’


Simple Reading Schedule TOC


This is a simple reading schedule that is designed to be followed for 20 minutes a day over a 2 month period. Empty your mind. Read God’s Word like a child would for the first time, never read it with preconceived ideas or thoughts or to prove something, and don’t try to understand everything, note what you don’t understand and move on; reread those notes later they may make sense. Remember to pray. The arrangement is for better understanding by letting books build on each other and are arranged in a rough chronological order. Use Sundays to catch up on days you could not spend 20 minutes with the Word of God. If you have never read the Bible, always start with the New Testament. The New Testament is what you will be judged by, not the Old Testament. Never read the Old Testament & New Testament together, that is too confusing even for the mature Christian.


Spend the first Monday reading the Preface & Other non-bible sections to familiarize yourself with the MLV’s style of translation.


Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

 

Mark 1-3

Mark 4-7

Mark 8-11

Mark 12-14

Mark 15-Matthew 4

Matthew 5-8

Matthew 9-12

Matthew 13-16

Matthew 17-21

Matthew 22-25

Matthew 26-28

John 1-4

John 5-7

John 8-11

John 12-16

John 17-21

Luke 1-3

Luke 4-7

Luke 8-10

Luke 11-14

Luke 15-18

Luke 19-21

Luke 22-24

Acts 1-4

Acts 5-8

Acts 9-12

Acts 13-16

Acts 17-20

Acts 21-24

Acts 25-28

James 1-5

1Th-2Th

Galatians 1-6

1Cor 1-8

1Cor 9-15

1Cor 16 - 2Cor 6

2Cor 7-13

Rom 1-5

Rom 6-11

Rom 12-16

Ephesians 1-6

Philippians 1-4

Colossians 1-4

1Pet-2Peter

Jude - 1Tim 4

1Tim 5- Heb 2

Hebrews 3-9

Hebrews 10-13

1 John - 3 John

Revelation 1-3

Revelation 4-9

Revelation 10-14

Revelation 15-20

Revelation 21-22

 

 

 

 

 


To read the New Testament as the events happened, go to Mark 1 and follow the {Harmony of the New Covenant} sections.


You should read the Modern Literal Version once all the way through and do not use any other translation during this time. The MLV’s strongest feature in uniformity of English wording & underlying Greek wording, by using another translation during this time you will not be able to learn from this uniformity. Then you too will understand why 90% of the emails to us are ‘I have learned so much just reading the MLV once,’ or similar.


Evangelism & Truth TOC


Many congregations give the MLV to all the members and any visitor; yours should consider this too. Please point out the Simple Reading Schedule to those who receive these, so as to help them read God’s Word, especially for the first time. The MLV is the only translation we know to exist in which every word can be looked up in a standard dictionary and the proper meaning is ‘Bible’ correct. The MLV is written at about a 13 year old’s reading level.


We want your input should you ever find a typo or a better Greek correction for the MLV. Please check: www.modernliteralversion.org for a current PDF update and make sure the typo or fix has not already been applied before submitting to mlvbible@gmail.com. Thank you in advance. As far as we know the MLV is the only Bible in print that wants such input.


Introduction to the Good News TOC


The first four books of the New Testament are traditionally called the gospels, a word which means ‘good news.’ These are basically four biographies of Jesus Christ, written to share the good news about His life, death, and resurrection. Each of these four gospels was written to a different audience, and so each one has a slightly different approach—but they are all accurate biographies of Jesus Christ. Matthew wrote his gospel to a Jewish audience, and so he included several quotations from the Old Testament, showing that Jesus of Nazareth was the Messiah they had been waiting for. Mark wrote to a Roman audience, which liked their reading to be more action-oriented, so his account focuses more on the actions of Jesus. Luke wrote to a more detail-oriented audience, and his account is filled with historical and geographical details that weren’t included by the other writers. John wrote to a general audience, guiding them to faith in Jesus as the Son of God.


Introduction to Matthew


The book of Matthew is better called “The Gospel Account by Matthew.” This biography of Jesus the Christ was written primarily for Jews, which is why Matthew spent so much time showing how Jesus fulfilled Old Testament prophecies—things that would have been irrelevant to a non-Jewish audience. Beginning with the birth of Jesus, Matthew recounts how Jesus lived a perfect life under the Law of Moses, and how His death would set the stage for a New Testament under which men could be saved. The final instructions given by Jesus after His resurrection, in this biography, are on how disciples are made: by teaching and immersing them in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:18-20).


Introduction to Mark


The book of Mark, more accurately titled “The Gospel Account by Mark,” was written to a Roman audience. The Romans were not interested in lots of extra details, nor were they too concerned about prophecies contained in Jewish writings from hundreds of years earlier (Mark only quotes three Old Testament prophecies). The events in Mark are held by scholars to be in chronological order. Starting from His baptism (immersion), Mark portrays Jesus as a Man constantly on the move for God, with the word “immediately” appearing 42 times in this, the shortest of the Gospel accounts. Percentage-wise, Mark spends more time dealing with the final week of Jesus’ life than any of the other Gospel writers. The final instructions given by Jesus after His resurrection, in this biography, are to “preach the good-news to the whole creation. He who believes and is immersed will be saved, but he who disbelieves will be condemned” (Mark 16:15-16).


Introduction to Luke


              The Gospel Account by Luke was written from a historian’s point of view. This doctor was very specific when describing when things took place, as well as where. As such, Luke is the most detail-oriented of the four Gospel Accounts. Beginning with the miraculous birth of Jesus’ cousin John, and Jesus’ own birth six months later, Luke reveals the life of Jesus in chronological order. It is in this biography of Jesus that we see Jesus foretelling the completion of the Old Testament in the lifetime of the people to whom He spoke (Luke 20:21-22). Jesus’ final instructions to His apostles, after His resurrection, were “Repentance and forgiveness of sins should be preached in My name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem” (Luke 24:47).


Introduction to John


The Gospel Account by John was most likely written after the other three, and fills in some gaps that were not covered by Matthew, Mark, and Luke. John begins His biography of Jesus by starting at the very creation of the world, showing Jesus as “The Word” which was “God” and “became flesh and resided among us” (John 1:1-3, 14). From there, the focus is on showing the life, teachings, and miracles of Jesus in such a way that the reader might “believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing, the reader may have life in His name” (John 20:30-31). Among other things, it is in this Gospel Account that we learn that Jesus rejected the idea of setting up an earthly kingdom (John 6:15, 18:36).



[Matthew 1] TOC


    {NOTES: If your plans are to read the entire N.T., start in Mark. Please read the Preface and other non-bible sections. * is our universal footnoting for words contained in the ‘Definitions’ section. These words are NOT the same Greek word as the non-asterisk form; i.e. *FOR is different from FOR* is different from FOR. In this translation Old Testament names will be in their Old Testament form.}


    1:1 The book of lineage of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham: 1:2 Abraham fathered Isaac; and Isaac fathered Jacob; and Jacob fathered Judah and his brethren; 1:3 and Judah fathered Perez and Zerah from Tamar; and Perez fathered Hezron; and Hezron fathered Ram; 1:4 and Ram fathered Amminadab; and Amminadab fathered Nahshon; and Nahshon fathered Salmon; 1:5 and Salmon fathered Boaz from Rahab; and Boaz fathered Obed from Ruth; and Obed fathered Jesse; 1:6 and Jesse fathered David, the king.


    And David, the king, fathered Solomon from the widow of Uriah; 1:7 and Solomon fathered Rehoboam; and Rehoboam fathered Abijah; and Abijah fathered Asa; 1:8 and Asa fathered Jehoshaphat; and Jehoshaphat fathered Jehoram; and Jehoram fathered Uzziah; 1:9 and Uzziah fathered Jotham; and Jotham fathered Ahaz; and Ahaz fathered Hezekiah; 1:10 and Hezekiah fathered Manasseh; and Manasseh fathered Amon; and Amon fathered Josiah; 1:11 and Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brethren, at the time of the exile of Babylon.


    1:12 And after the exile of Babylon, Jechoniah fathered Shealtiel; and Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel; 1:13 and Zerubbabel fathered Abiud; and Abiud fathered Eliakim; and Eliakim fathered Azor; 1:14 and Azor fathered Sadoc; and Sadoc fathered Achim; and Achim fathered Eliud; 1:15 and Eliud fathered Eleazar; and Eleazar fathered Matthan; and Matthan fathered Jacob; 1:16 and Jacob fathered Joseph, the husband of Mary, from whom was born Jesus, who is called* the Christ.


    {Mt 1:1-17 & Lk 3:23-28 Mary’s Genealogy.}

    1:17 Therefore, all the generations from Abraham until David were fourteen generations; and from David until the exile of Babylon, were fourteen generations; and from the exile of Babylon until the Christ, were fourteen generations.


    {Mt 1:18-25 Nazareth 5 BC; no parallel.}

    1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was thus: for* when* his mother Mary was engaged to Joseph, before they came together, she was found to be pregnant from the Holy Spirit. 1:19 Now Joseph, her husband, being a righteous man and not willing to disgrace her, planned to divorce her secretly. 1:20 But when* he was contemplating these things, behold, a messenger of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary to you, as your wife for* what was born {Or: conceived} in her is from the Holy Spirit. 1:21 Now she will bear a son, and you will call his name Jesus, for* he will save his people from their sins. 1:22 Now this whole thing has happened, in order that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, 1:23 ‘Behold, the virgin will be pregnant, and will bear a son, and they will call his name Immanuel'; which is, after being translated, ‘God with us.’ {Is. 7:14, 8:8, 10} 1:24 Now having been aroused from his sleep, Joseph did as the messenger of the Lord commanded him and took his wife to him; 1:25 and did not know her intimately until she bore her firstborn son, and he called his name Jesus.


[Matthew 2] TOC


    {Mt 2:1-12 Jerusalem & Bethlehem 4 BC; no parallel.}

    2:1 Now when* Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise-men {Persian Magi; v7 & v16} from the east came into Jerusalem, saying, 2:2 Where is he who has been born the King of the Jews? For* we saw his star in the east and have come to worship him. 2:3 Now when* Herod the king heard it, he was disturbed and everyone in Jerusalem with him. 2:4 And having gathering together all the high-priests and scribes of the people, he inquired from them where the Christ should be born.

    2:5 Now they said to him, In Bethlehem of Judea; for* thus it has been written through the prophet, 2:6 ‘And Bethlehem, a land of Judah, you are by no means least among the governors of Judah; for* a leader will come forth from you, who will shepherd my people Israel.’ {Mic. 5:2, 2Sam 5:2}


    2:7 Then Herod, having called the wise-men secretly, ascertained accurately from them the time of the star’s appearing. 2:8 And he sent them to Bethlehem and said, While* you* are traveling, probe out accurately the things concerning the young child. And whenever you* have found him, report to me, *that I may also come and may worship him. 2:9 Now having heard the king, they traveled away. And behold, the star, which they saw in the east, was preceding them until it came and stood above where the young child was. 2:10 Now having seen the star, they rejoiced with extremely great joy. 2:11 And they came into the house and saw the young child with Mary, his mother. They fell down and worshiped him. Opening their treasures, they offered gifts of gold and frankincense and myrrh to him. {Is. 60:6, Ps. 72:10, 15} 2:12 And having been divinely-warned in a dream not to revisit Herod, they departed into their own region through another way.


    {Mt 2:13-18 Leaving for Egypt 4 BC; no parallel.}

    2:13 Now when* they had departed, behold, a messenger of the Lord appears to Joseph in a dream, saying, When* you arise, take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be there until I should tell you, because Herod is about to seek the young child to destroy him. 2:14 Now he arose, and took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt; 2:15 and they were there until the end of Herod; in order that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, ‘Out of Egypt I called my son.’ {Hos. 11:1} 2:16 Then Herod, seeing that he was mocked by the wise-men, was exceedingly furious, and sent forth soldiers and assassinated all the boys who were in Bethlehem, and in all its borders, from two years and downward, according to the time which he had ascertained accurately from the wise-men. 2:17 Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying, 2:18 ‘A voice was heard in Ramah, mourning, and weeping, and much anguish, Rachel weeping for her children. And she did not wish to be comforted, because they are not there.’ {Jer. 31:15}


    {Mt 2:19-23 & Lk 2:39b Egypt & Nazareth 4 BC.}

    2:19 But when* Herod was dead*, behold, a messenger of the Lord appears in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 2:20 saying, When* you arise, take the young child and his mother, and travel into the land of Israel, for* those seeking the young child’s life have died. 2:21 Now he arose and took the young child and his mother and entered into the land of Israel. 2:22 But when* he heard that Archelaus is reigning over Judea instead of his father Herod, he was afraid to go there, and having been divinely-warned in a dream, he departed into the parts of Galilee, 2:23 and having come, he dwelt in a city called* Nazareth; *that what was spoken through the prophets might be fulfilled, that he will be called a Nazarene.


[Matthew 3] TOC


    {Mk 1:1-8 & Mt 3:1-12 & Lk 3:1-18. Judea near Jordan River 25 or 26 AD.}

    3:1 Now in those days John the Immerser* comes, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, 3:2 and saying, Repent; for* the kingdom of the heavens has drawn near. 3:3 For* this is he who was spoken of by Isaiah the prophet, saying, ‘A voice is crying in the wilderness, prepare the way of the Lord, make* his paths straight.’ {Is. 40:3} 3:4 Now John himself had his outer clothing made of camel’s hair and a leather belt around his loin, and his nourishment was locusts and wild honey. 3:5 Then Jerusalem and everyone in Judea and everyone from the region around the Jordan were traveling out to him. 3:6 And they were being immersed* by him in the Jordan, confessing their sins. 3:7 But when* he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his immersion*, he said to them, Offspring of vipers, who warned you* to flee from the future wrath? 3:8 Therefore produce fruit worthy of repentance. 3:9 Do not think to say among yourselves, We have Abraham for our father; for* I say to you*, that God is able to lift up children out of these stones for Abraham. 3:10 But even already, the ax is laid to the root of the trees, because every tree which is not producing good fruit is cut down and cast into the fire. 3:11 I indeed immerse* you* in water toward repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not sufficient to bear. He will immerse* you* in the Holy Spirit; 3:12 whose winnowing fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing floor, and he will gather his grain into the barn, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.


    {Mk 1:9-11 & Mt 3:13-17 Lk 3:21-22 Jordan east of Jericho, Spring 27 AD.}

    3:13 Then Jesus comes from Galilee to John, to be immersed* by him in the Jordan. 3:14 But John was preventing him, saying, I have need to be immersed* by you and you are coming to me?

    3:15 But Jesus answering, said to him, Allow it now; for* thus it is suitable for us to fulfill every righteousness. Then he allows him.

    3:16 And Jesus when* he was immersed*, came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God coming down, like a dove, and coming upon him; 3:17 and behold, a voice came out of the heavens, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am delighted.


[Matthew 4] TOC


    {Mk 1:12-13 & Mt 4:1-11 & Lk 4:1-13.}

    4:1 Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the Devil. 4:2 And having fasted forty days and forty nights, later he hungered. 4:3 And the Tempter came and said to him, If you are the Son of God, speak, in order that these stones may become bread.

    4:4 But answering, he said, It has been written, ‘Man will not live on bread alone, but upon every declaration that goes-onward through the mouth of God!’ {Deu. 8:3}

    4:5 Then the Devil takes him into the holy city. And he stands him upon the pinnacle of the temple, 4:6 and says to him, If you are the Son of God, cast yourself downward; for* it has been written, ‘He will command the messengers concerning you, and they will lift you up upon their hands, lest you hit your foot against a stone.' {Ps. 91:11-12}

    4:7 Jesus said to him, Again it has been written, ‘Do not test the Lord, your God.’ {Deu. 6:16}

    4:8 Again, the Devil takes him to an exceedingly high mountain, and shows him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; 4:9 and he says to him, I will give you all these things, if you fall down and worship me.

    4:10 Then Jesus says to him, Go behind me, Adversary! For* it has been written, ‘You will worship the Lord your God and you will give-divine service to him only.’ {Deu. 6:13} 4:11 Then the Devil leaves him, and behold, messengers came and were serving him.


    {Mk 1:14a & Mt 4:12 & Lk 3:19-20 & Jn 4:1-4 Judea to Galilee.}

    4:12 Now Jesus, having heard that John was given up, departed into Galilee.

    {Mt 4:13-16 Capernaum.}

    4:13 And having left Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the borders of Zebulun and Naphtali; 4:14 in order that what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, 4:15 ‘The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, the way of the sea, beyond-that of the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles, 4:16 the people who sat in darkness saw a great light and to those who sat in the region and shadow of death, light has risen for them.’ {Is. 9:1-2}


    {Mk 1:14b-15 & Mt 4:17 & Lk 4:14b-15.}

    4:17 From then onward, Jesus began to preach and to say, Repent; for* the kingdom of the heavens has drawn near.


    {Mk 1:16-20 & Mt 4:18-22 & Lk 5:1-11 Sea of Galilee near Capernaum.}

    4:18 Now walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw two brethren, Simon who is called* Peter and Andrew, his brother, casting a net into the sea; for* they were fishermen. 4:19 And he says to them, Come-here after me and I will make* you* fishermen of men. 4:20 Now immediately, they left the nets and followed him. 4:21 And having advanced from there, he saw two other brothers, James, the son of Zebedee and John, his brother, in the ship with Zebedee, their father, mending their nets. And he called them. 4:22 Now immediately they followed him having left the ship and their father.


    {Mk 1:35-39 & Mt 4:23-25 & Lk 4:42-44 Preaching through Galilee.}

    4:23 And Jesus was going around the whole of Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and preaching the good-news of the kingdom and healing every kind of disease and every kind of illness among the people. 4:24 And the report of him went forth into the whole of Syria and they brought to him all who were ill, held by various diseases and torments and demon-possessed and epileptic and paralytics, and he healed them. 4:25 And large crowds followed him from Galilee and Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judea and beyond-that of the Jordan.


[Matthew 5] TOC


    {Mt 5:1 & Lk 6:17-20. Sermon on the mountain.}

    5:1 Now having seen the crowds, he went up into the mountain and having sat down, his disciples came to him.

    {Mt 5:2-12 & Lk 6:20-26.}

    5:2 And he opened his mouth and was teaching them, saying: 5:3 The poor in spirit are fortunate, because theirs is the kingdom of the heavens. 5:4 Those who are mourning are fortunate, because they will be comforted. 5:5 The meek are fortunate, because they will inherit the earth. 5:6 Those who hunger and are thirsty for righteousness are fortunate, because they will be fed. 5:7 The merciful are fortunate, because they will be shown-mercy. 5:8 The clean in heart are fortunate, because they will see God. 5:9 The peacemakers are fortunate, because they will be called sons of God. 5:10 Those who have been persecuted because of righteousness are fortunate, because theirs is the kingdom of the heavens. 5:11 You* are fortunate whenever they reproach and persecute you* and say every evil word against you*– lying, because of me. 5:12 Rejoice and be glad, because your* reward is much in the heavens; for* thus, they persecuted the prophets who were before you*.

    {Mt 5:13-16; no parallel.}

    5:13 You* are the salt of the earth, but if the salt is flavorless, then with* what shall it be salted? It is still not strong-enough to be used *for anything, except to be cast outside and trampled by men. 5:14 You* are the light of the world. A city laying upon a mountain is not able to be hid. 5:15 Nor are they burning a lamp and placing it under a peck container, but upon the lamp-stand, and it is shining to all who are in the house. 5:16 So let your* light shine before men, *that they may see your* good works and may glorify your* Father who is in the heavens.


    {Mt 5:17-48 & Lk 6:27-36.}

    5:17 Do not suppose that I came to tear-down the law or the prophets; I did not come to tear-down, but to fulfill. 5:18 For* assuredly I say to you*, Until heaven and earth should pass away, one iota or one serif may never* pass away from the law, until all things should become fulfilled.

    5:19 Therefore, whoever loosens one of these least commandments and may teach men to do so, will be called least in the kingdom of the heavens, but whoever practices and should teach them, he will be called great in the kingdom of the heavens. 5:20 For* I am saying to you*, that if your* righteousness does not abound more-than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you* may never* enter into the kingdom of the heavens.


    5:21 You* have heard that it was said to the ancients, ‘Do not murder,' but ‘whoever murders will be liable to the judgment.’ {Ex. 20:13 & Deu. 5:17} 5:22 But I say to you*, that everyone who is vainly angry {Or: with emptiness (without cause or reason; i.e. to furhter one's own vanity)} toward his brother will be liable to the judgment, and whoever says to his brother, You, empty-head, will be liable to the council, but whoever says, You fool, will be liable to the hell of fire. {Empty-head is an expression of contempt. The Greek here could be simply ‘fool’ said as an expression of condemnation or could be a transliteration of ‘Moreh’ which is a Hebrew expression of condemnation. In Mt 5:22 the wording doesn’t matter; it’s the way it is said or meant.}


    5:23 Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar, and while you are there, you should remember that your brother has something against you, 5:24 leave your gift there before the altar and go away. First be reconciled to your brother and then come and offer your gift. 5:25 Be agreeable with your opponent quickly, while you are with him on the road; lest the opponent should give you to the judge and the judge should give you to the attendant and you will be cast into prison. 5:26 Assuredly I say to you, You may never* come out from there, until you should have repaid the last copper coin.


    5:27 You* have heard that it was said, ‘Do not commit adultery.’ {Ex. 20:14 & Deu. 5:18} 5:28 But I say to you*, that everyone who is looking at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 5:29 Now if your right eye is offending you, pluck it out and cast it from you*; for* it is advantageous for you, that* one of your members should perish and not that* your whole body should be cast into hell. 5:30 And if your right hand is offending you, cut it off and cast it away from you*; for* it is advantageous for you, that* one of your members should perish and not that* your whole body should be cast into hell.

    5:31 It was also said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a document of divorcement.’ {Deu. 24:1, 3} 5:32 But I say to you*, that whoever divorces his wife, except-for the reason of fornication, is making* her commit adultery and whoever marries her who has been divorced is committing adultery. {Mt 19:9, Lk 16:18}


    5:33 Again, you* have heard that it was said to the ancients, ‘You will not perjure yourself, but will give your oaths to the Lord.’ {Lev. 19:12, Num. 30:2, Deu. 23:21} 5:34 But I am saying to you*, Do not swear in anyway; neither by the heaven, because it is the throne of God; 5:35 nor by the earth, because it is the footstool of his feet; nor in Jerusalem, because it is the city of the Great King, 5:36 nor should you swear by your head, because you are unable to make* one hair white or black. 5:37 But let your* word be, a Yes, yes; a No, no; and whatever is more-than these, is from the evil one.


    5:38 You* have heard that it was said, An eye in exchange-for an eye and a tooth in exchange-for a tooth. {Ex. 21:24, Lev. 24:20, Deu.19:21} 5:39 But I am saying to you*, Do not stand against an evil man, but whoever slaps you upon your right jaw, turn also the other to him. 5:40 And to him, who is willing to go to court with you and wants to take away your tunic, then also allow for him to take your outer garment. 5:41 And whoever compels you to go one mile, go with him two. 5:42 Give to him who asks you and do not turn away from the one who wishes to borrow from you.


    5:43 You* have heard that it was said, ‘You will love* your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ {Lev. 19:18} 5:44 But I am saying to you*, Love* your* enemies, speak well of those who curse you*, do good things to those who hate you* and pray on behalf of those who are railing at you* and are persecuting you*. 5:45 Do this *that you* may become sons of your* Father who is in the heavens, because his sun rises upon the evil and the good and it rains upon the righteous and the unrighteous. 5:46 For* if you* love* those who love* you*, what reward do you* have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 5:47 And if you* only greet your* friends, what are you* doing more-than others? Are not even the tax collectors doing so? 5:48 Therefore you* will be complete, just-like your* Father who is in the heavens is complete.


[Matthew 6] TOC


    {Mt 6:1-34; no parallel.}

    6:1 Take-heed not to do your* charity before men, to be seen by them, otherwise you* have no reward from your* Father who is in the heavens.

    6:2 Therefore, whenever you are doing charity, do not sound a trumpet before you just-like the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the lanes, *that they may be glorified by men. Assuredly I say to you*, They are having their reward. 6:3 But when you are doing charity, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, 6:4 *that your charity may be in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you openly.


    6:5 And whenever you* pray, do not be just-like the hypocrites, because they love to pray, standing in the synagogues and at the street corners, *that they may appear devout to men. Assuredly I am say to you*, that they are having their reward. 6:6 But you, whenever you pray, enter into your storeroom, and when* you have locked your door, pray to your Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you openly. 6:7 And while praying, do not be repetitious just-like the Gentile; for* they think that they will be heard in their many words. 6:8 Therefore, do not be similar to them, for* your* Father knows what things you* have need of before you* ask him. 6:9 Therefore pray thus: our Father who is in the heavens, let your name be sanctified. 6:10 Let your kingdom come. Let your will happen as in heaven, also upon the earth. 6:11 Give our {F} needful bread to us today. 6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we also forgive our debtors. 6:13 And do not bring us into temptation, but rescue us from the evil one, because yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory, forever. Amen. 6:14 For* if you* forgive men their trespasses, your* heavenly Father will also forgive you*. 6:15 But if you* do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your* Father forgive your* trespasses.


    6:16 Now whenever you* fast, do not become just-like the hypocrites, with a gloomy face; for* they disfigure their faces, *that they may appear to men to be fasting. Assuredly I say to you*, They are having their reward. 6:17 But as for you, when you are fasting, anoint your head and wash your face 6:18 *that you do not appear to be fasting to men, but to your Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.


    6:19 Do not store up treasures for you upon the earth, where moth and rust ingest, and where thieves burrow through your* wall and steal. 6:20 But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust ingest, and where thieves do not burrow through or steal. 6:21 For* where your* treasure is, your* heart will also be there.

    6:22 The lamp of the body is the eye, because if your eye is clear, your whole body will be radiant. 6:23 But if your eye is evil, your whole body will be dark. Therefore, if the light which is in you is darkness, how much greater is the darkness!

    6:24 No one is able to serve* two lords, for* either he will hate the one and love* the other; or he will hold to one and despise the other. You* are not able to serve* God and {F} money.

    6:25 Because of this, I am saying to you*, Do not be anxious for your* life, what you* may eat and what you* may drink; nor for what you* may clothe your* body with. Is not the life worth more-than the nourishment and the body worth more-than the clothing? 6:26 Look at the birds of the heaven, that they do not sow, nor reap, nor gather into barns, and your* heavenly Father is nourishing them. Are you* not carrying much more-value than them? 6:27 Now which one out of you* is able to add one cubit upon his stature by being anxious? 6:28 And why are you* anxious concerning clothing? Learn from the lilies of the field, somehow they are growing; they are not laboring, nor spinning. 6:29 Yet I say to you*, that even Solomon in all his glory was not dressed like one of these. 6:30 But if God so dresses-up the grass of the field, which is here today and the next-day is cast into the oven, will he not much more clothe you*? You* of small faith!

    6:31 Therefore do not be anxious, saying, What should we eat? or, What should we drink? or, What should we dress ourselves with? 6:32 For* the Gentiles are seeking after all these things; for* your* heavenly Father knows that you* have needs of all these things. 6:33 But first seek the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you*. 6:34 Therefore do not be anxious *for the next-day; for* the next-day will be anxious enough for the things of itself. Its evil is enough for the one day.


    {Footnotes: Mt 6:11, no one knows for sure what the original word means. It is only in the N.T. twice and no where else. Mt 6:24, or: Money as in your ‘God of Money,’ or ‘The Almighty Dollar.’}


[Matthew 7] TOC


    {Mt 7:1-6 & Lk 6:37-42; similar Jn 5:30, 7:24.}

    7:1 Do not judge, that* you* might not be judged! 7:2 For* in what judgment you* judge, you* will be judged and in what measure you* measure, it will be measured again to you*. 7:3 And why do you see the speck which is in your brother’s eye, but do not consider the beam which is in your own eye? 7:4 Or how will you say to your brother, Allow me, that I may cast out the speck from your eye, and behold, the beam which is in your own eye? 7:5 You hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of your own eye, and then you will see precisely to cast out the speck from your brother’s eye.


    7:6 Do not give what is holy to the dogs, nor cast your* pearls before the swine, lest they trample them down with* their feet and having turned, they may rip at you*.


    {Mt 7:7-11; no parallel.}

    7:7 Ask and it will be given to you*; seek and you* will find; knock and it will be opened to you*. 7:8 For* everyone who is asking, receives; and the one who is seeking, finds; and to the one who is knocking, it will be opened. 7:9 Or what man is there out of you*, who, if his son asks him for a loaf he will not give him a stone, will he? 7:10 Or if he asks for a fish, he will not give him a serpent, will he? 7:11 Therefore if you*, being evil, know how to give good presents to your* children, how much more will your* Father who is in the heavens give good things to those who are asking him?


    {Mt 7:12 & Lk 6:31.}

    7:12 Therefore, all things, as many as you* would wish that* men should do for you*, so do also to them; for* this is the law and the prophets.


    {Mt 7:13-23 & Lk 6:43-45.}

    7:13 Enter in through the narrow gate, because wide is the gate and broad is the way, which leads to destruction and there are many who are entering through it. 7:14 Why is it? Narrow is the gate and pressed is the way, which is leading to life and few are those who are finding it.


    7:15 But take-heed of false prophets, who are coming to you* in sheep’s clothing, but inside are ravenous wolves. 7:16 You* will fully know them from their fruits. They do not collect a grape-cluster from thorns or figs from thistles, do they? 7:17 Thus every good tree produces good fruit, but the rotten tree produces evil fruit. 7:18 A good tree is not able to produce evil fruit, nor is a rotten tree able to produce good fruit. 7:19 Every tree which is not producing good fruit is cut down and cast into the fire. 7:20 Consequently*, you* will fully know them from their fruits. 7:21 Not everyone who says to me, Lord, Lord, will enter into the kingdom of the heavens, but he who is practicing the will of my Father who is in the heavens. 7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, did we not: prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and practice many miracles in your name? 7:23 And then I will confess to them, I never* knew you*. Depart from me, you* who work lawlessness.

    {Mt 7:24-29 & Lk 6:46-49.}

    7:24 Therefore, everyone who hears these words of mine and practices them, he will be similar to a prudent man, who built his house upon the rock; 7:25 and the rain came down and the rivers came up and the winds blew and fell down upon that house, and it did not fall; for* it had been founded upon the rock. 7:26 And everyone hearing these words of mine and who is not doing them, will be similar to a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand; 7:27 and the rain came down and the rivers came up and the winds blew and hit that house and it fell and great was its fall.


    7:28 And it happened, when Jesus had completed with these words, the crowds were being astounded at his teaching; 7:29 for* he was teaching them like one having authority and not like the scribes.


[Matthew 8] TOC


    {Mt 8:1, 8:5-13 & Lk 7:1-10 Capernaum.}

    8:1 Now having come down from the mountain, large crowds followed him.


    {Mk 1:40-45 & Mt 8:2-4 & Lk 5:12-16.}

    8:2 And behold, a leper having come to him, was worshiping him, saying, Lord, if you are willing, you are able to cleanse me.

    8:3 And Jesus, having stretched out his hand, touched him, saying, I am willing; be cleansed. And immediately his leprosy was cleansed. 8:4 And Jesus says to him, See that you tell no one, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer the gift that Moses commanded, *for a testimony to them. {Lev. 13:49, 14:2-4}


    {Mt 8:1, 8:5-13 & Lk 7:1-10 Capernaum.}

    8:5 Now when* Jesus entered into Capernaum, a centurion came to him, pleading with him, 8:6 and saying, Lord, my young-servant, a paralytic, has been put in the house, terribly tormented.

    8:7 And Jesus says to him, I will come and heal him.

    8:8 And the centurion answered and said, Lord, I am not sufficient that* you should come under my roof, but only speak by word and my young-servant will be healed. 8:9 For* I am a man also under authority, having soldiers under me and I say to this one, Go-onward and he goes-onward, and to another, Come and he comes, and to my bondservant, Do this and he does it.

    8:10 Now when* Jesus heard it, he marveled and said to those who followed, Assuredly I say to you*, I have not found so-great a faith, not even in Israel. 8:11 But I am saying to you*, that many will come from the east and the west, and will recline with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of the heavens; 8:12 but the sons of the kingdom will be cast out into the outer darkness– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there. 8:13 Now Jesus said to the centurion, Go, and as you have believed, let it happen for you. And his young-servant was healed in that hour.


    {Mk 1:29-34 & Mt 8:14-17 & Lk 4:38-41 Capernaum.}

    8:14 And when* Jesus had come into Peter’s house, he saw that his mother-in-law had been put in bed and fevered. 8:15 And he touched her hand and the fever left her, and she arose and was serving him. 8:16 Now when* it became evening, they brought to him many demon-possessed and he cast out the spirits by word and healed all who were ill; 8:17 *that what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, ‘He himself took our weaknesses and bears our diseases.’ {Is. 53:4}


    {Mk 4:35-41 & Mt:8:18-27 & Lk 8:22-25 Sea of Galilee.}

    8:18 Now when* Jesus saw large crowds around him, he gave commands to go away beyond-that area. 8:19 And one scribe, having come to him, said, Teacher, I will follow you wherever you go.

    8:20 And Jesus says to him, The foxes have burrows and the birds of the heaven have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere he may bow his head.

    8:21 Now a different one of his disciples said to him, Lord, permit me first to go away and bury my father.

    8:22 But Jesus said to him, Follow me, and leave the dead to bury their own dead.


    8:23 And having stepped into the ship, his disciples followed him. 8:24 And behold, a great squall happened in the sea, so-that the ship was hidden by the waves, but he was sleeping. 8:25 And the disciples came to him and aroused him, saying, Save us Lord! We are perishing!

    8:26 And he says to them, Why are you* cowardly? You* of small faith! Then he arose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there became a great calm.

    8:27 Now the men marveled, saying, What sort of man is this, that even the winds and the sea are obeying* him?


    {Mk 5:1-21 & Mt 8:28-34 & Lk 8:26-40 Gergesa.}

    8:28 And having come to the area beyond-that into the region of the Gergesenes, two demon-possessed men met him, coming forth out of the tombs, exceedingly fierce, so-that not anyone was strong-enough to pass through that way. 8:29 And behold, they cried out, saying, What is this thing with us and with you, Jesus, Son of God? Have you come here to torment us before the time? 8:30 Now a herd of many swine was being fed from afar, away from them. 8:31 And the demons were pleading with him, saying, If you cast us out, permit us to go away into the herd of swine.

    8:32 And he said to them, Go away! Now they came out and went into the herd of swine and behold, all the herd of swine rushed down the cliff into the sea and died in the waters. 8:33 Now those who are feeding them fled and went away into the city and reported all things and what had happened to those who were demon-possessed. 8:34 And behold, all the city came out *for a meeting with Jesus and when* they saw him, they pleaded with him *that he should proceed from their borders.


[Matthew 9] TOC


    9:1 And he stepped into the ship and ferried over and came into his own city.


    {Mk 2:1-12 & Mt 9:2-8 & Lk 5:17-26.}

    9:2 And behold, they were bringing a paralytic to him, having been put upon a cot, and Jesus seeing their faith said to the paralytic, Child, have courage; your sins have been forgiven.

    9:3 And behold, some of the scribes said among themselves, This one is blaspheming.

    9:4 And Jesus, having seen their contemplations said, Why are you* contemplating evil in your* hearts? 9:5 For* what is easier, to say, Your sins have been forgiven; or to say, Arise and walk? 9:6 But in order that you* may know that the Son of Man has authority upon the earth to forgive sins (then he says to the paralytic), While* you are arising, lift up your cot and go away to your house. 9:7 And having arisen, he went away to his house. 9:8 Now when* the crowds saw it, they marveled and glorified God, who had given such authority to men.


    {Mk 2:13-14 & Mt 9:9 & Lk 5:27-28 At or near Capernaum.}

    9:9 And passing by from there, Jesus saw a man, called* Matthew, sitting at a tax-office and he says to him, Follow me. And he stood up and followed him.


    {Mk 2:15-22 & Mt 9:10-17 & Lk 5:29-39 Capernaum.}

    9:10 And it happened, while he was reclining at a meal in the house, behold, many tax collectors and sinners came and reclined together with Jesus and his disciples. 9:11 And when* the Pharisees saw it, they said to his disciples, Why is your* teacher eating with the tax collectors and sinners?

    9:12 But Jesus having heard it, said to them, Those who are strong have no need of a physician, but those who are ill. 9:13 Now go-onward and learn what is meant by, ‘I will to have mercy and not sacrifice.’ {Hos. 6:6} For* I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.


    9:14 Then the disciples of John come near to him, saying, Why do we and the Pharisees fast much, but your disciples do not fast?

    9:15 And Jesus said to them, The sons of the bridal-party {companions or guests} are not able to mourn, inasmuch as the bridegroom is with them, are they? But the days will come, whenever the bridegroom is taken away from them and then they will fast. 9:16 But no one puts a patch of unshrunk fabric upon an old garment; for* its fullness shrinks and lifts away from the garment and a worse split happens. 9:17 Nor do they put new wine into old wineskins; otherwise the wineskins burst and the wine is poured out and the wineskins will be destroyed, but they put new wine into new wineskins and both are protected together.


    {Mk 5:22-43 & Mt 9:18-26 & Lk 8:41-56 Capernaum.}

    9:18 While speaking these things to them, behold, one ruler came to him and was worshiping him, saying, My daughter is just now dead*, but come and lay your hand upon her and she will live. 9:19 And Jesus and his disciples arose and followed him.

    9:20 And behold, a woman, having had a flow of blood for twelve years, came behind him and touched the hem of his garment; 9:21 for* she was saying to herself, ‘If only I touch his garment; I will be cured.

    9:22 Now Jesus having turned, saw her, and said, Daughter, have courage; your faith has cured you. And the woman was cured from that hour.


    9:23 And when* Jesus came into the ruler’s house and saw the flute-players and the crowd being in an uproar, 9:24 he says to them, Depart; for* the girl is not dead, but is sleeping. And they were laughing at him. 9:25 But when* the crowd was cast out, having entered, he took-hold of her hand, and the girl arose. 9:26 And this fame went forth into that whole land.


    {Mt 9:27-34 Probably Capernaum; no parallel.}

    9:27 And Jesus passing by from there, two blind men followed him, crying out and saying, Show-mercy to us, son of David.

    9:28 Now having come into the house, the blind men came to him and Jesus says to them, You* believe that I am able to do this?

    They say to him, Yes, Lord.

    9:29 Then he touched their eyes, saying, Let it happen for you* according to your* faith. 9:30 And their eyes were opened. And Jesus scolded them, saying, See that you* let no one know it. 9:31 But they went forth and broadcasted about him in that whole land.


    9:32 Now when* they are going forth, behold, they brought a demon-possessed mute man to him. 9:33 And when* the demon was cast out, the mute man spoke and the crowds marveled, saying, This was never* so seen in Israel.

    9:34 But the Pharisees were saying, He is casting out demons by the ruler of the demons.


    {Mk 6:6b-13 & Mt 9:35-10:42 & Lk 9:1-6 Third circuit of Galilee.}

    9:35 And Jesus was going around all the cities and the villages, teaching in their synagogues and preaching the good-news of the kingdom and healing all kinds of disease and all kinds of illness among the people. 9:36 But when* he saw the crowds, he had compassion concerning them, because they were fainting in spirit and were being tossed about, like sheep not having a shepherd. 9:37 Then he says to his disciples, The harvest is indeed large, but the workers are few. 9:38 Therefore beseech from the Lord of the harvest, *that he should put out workers into his harvest.


[Matthew 10] TOC


    10:1 And having called his twelve disciples, he gave to them authority over unclean spirits, so-that they are able to cast them out, and to heal every kind of disease and every kind of illness.


    10:2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: the first is Simon, who is called* Peter and Andrew his brother; James and John his brother, the sons of Zebedee; 10:3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus and Lebbaeus who was surnamed Thaddaeus; 10:4 Simon the Canaanite {Or: zealot. See Lk. 6:15, Acts 1:13.} and Judas the Iscariot, who gave him up to the Jews.


    10:5 Jesus sent forth these twelve apostles and commanded them, saying, Do not go into any road of the Gentiles and do not enter into any city of the Samaritans; 10:6 but travel rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 10:7 Now while* you* are traveling, preach, saying, The kingdom of the heavens has drawn near. 10:8 Heal the sick; cleanse the lepers; cast out demons; freely you* received, freely you* give. 10:9 Do not procure gold, nor silver, nor brass coins *for your* money belts; 10:10 no knapsack *for your* journey, neither two tunics nor shoes nor staffs; for* the worker is worthy of his nourishment. 10:11 Now into whatever city or village you* enter, probe out who is worthy in it, and abide there until you* should go. 10:12 Now while entering into the house, greet it. 10:13 And if indeed the house is worthy, let your* peace come upon it, but if it is not worthy, let your* peace return to you*. 10:14 And whoever does not accept you*, nor hears your* words, when* you* go forth from that house or that city, shake-off the dust from your* feet. 10:15 Assuredly I say to you*, It will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city.


    10:16 Behold, I am sending you* forth like sheep in the midst of wolves; therefore, become prudent like serpents and harmless like doves. 10:17 But take-heed of men; for* they will give you* up to councils, and they will scourge you* in their synagogues; 10:18 and you* will also be led in front of governors and kings because of me, *for a testimony to them and to the Gentiles. 10:19 But whenever they give you* up, do not be anxious how or what you* should speak; for* it will be given to you* in that hour what you* will speak. 10:20 For* it is not you* who speaks, but the Spirit of your* Father who speaks in you*. 10:21 Now brother will give up brother to death and the father his child and children will stand up against parents and will slay them. 10:22 And you* will be hated by all men because of my name. But he who has endured to the end, this one will be saved. 10:23 But whenever they persecute you* in this city, flee into another; for* assuredly I say to you*, You* may never* complete the cities of Israel, until the Son of Man should come.


    10:24 A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a bondservant above his lord. 10:25 It is enough for the disciple that* he should become like his teacher and the bondservant like his lord. If they have called the householder Beelzebub, how much more the kinfolk! 10:26 Therefore do not fear them; for* there is nothing hidden, which will not be revealed, and nothing secret, which will not be known. 10:27 What I tell you* in the darkness, speak in the light, and what you* hear in your* ear, preach upon the housetops. 10:28 And do not be afraid of those who kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul, but rather fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. 10:29 Are two sparrows not sold for a copper coin? And not one out of them will fall to the earth without your* Father knowing it; 10:30 but even the hairs of your* head are all numbered. 10:31 Therefore do not fear, because you* are carrying more-value than many sparrows. 10:32 Therefore, everyone who will confess to be in me before men, I will also confess to be in him before my Father, who is in the heavens. 10:33 But whoever denies me before men, I will also deny him before my Father who is in heaven.


    10:34 Do not suppose that I came to cast peace upon the earth; I did not come to cast peace, but a sword. 10:35 For* I came to pit man against his father and the daughter against her mother and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; 10:36 and, ‘A man’s enemies will be his own kinfolk.’ {Mic 7:6} 10:37 He who loves his father or mother above me is not worthy of me, and he who loves his son or daughter above me is not worthy of me. 10:38 Now he who is not taking up his cross and following after me, is not worthy of me. 10:39 He who has found his life will lose it, and he who has lost his life because of me will find it.


    10:40 He who accepts you*, accepts me; and he who receives me, receives him who sent me. 10:41 He who accepts a prophet in the name of a prophet, will receive a prophet’s reward, and he who accepts a righteous man in the name of a righteous man, will receive a righteous man’s reward. 10:42 And whoever gives only a cup of cold water to drink to one of these little ones, in the name of a disciple, assuredly I say to you*, He may never* lose his reward.


[Matthew 11] TOC


    11:1 And it happened when Jesus had completed commanding his twelve disciples, he proceeded from there to teach and to preach in their cities.


    {Mt 11:2-30 & Lk 7:18-35 Galilee.}

    11:2 Now when* John heard the works of the Christ while in prison, he sent two of his disciples 11:3 and said to him, Are you the one who is coming, or should we expect a different one?

    11:4 And Jesus answered and said to them, When* you* travel back, report to John what you* hear and see: 11:5 the blind recover their sight and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, the dead are raised and the poor have the good-news proclaimed to them. 11:6 And whoever is not offended at me is fortunate.


    11:7 Now while* these disciples are traveling on, Jesus began to say to the crowds concerning John, What did you* come out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 11:8 But what did you* go out to see? A man who has been dressed-up in soft garments? Behold, those who are wearing soft garments are in royal houses. 11:9 But why did you* go out? To see a prophet? I say to you*, Yes, and one who is more-than a prophet. 11:10 For* this is he, concerning whom it has been written, ‘Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you.’ {Mal. 3:1} 11:11 Assuredly I say to you*, A greater man has not arisen among those born from women than John the Immerser*. But he who is least in the kingdom of the heavens is greater than he. 11:12 But from the days of John the Immerser* until now the kingdom of the heavens suffers-violently and the violent seize it. 11:13 For* all the prophets and the law prophesied until John. 11:14 And if you* are willing to accept it, this is Elijah, who is about to come. 11:15 He who has ears to hear, let him hear.


    11:16 But to what shall be similar to this generation? It is similar to children sitting in the marketplaces and shouting to their comrades 11:17 and saying, We piped to you* and you* did not dance. We mourned for you* and yet you* did not grieve for yourselves. 11:18 For* John came neither eating nor drinking and they say, He has a demon. 11:19 The Son of Man came eating and drinking and they say, Behold, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners! And wisdom was justified from her children.


    11:20 Then he began to reproach the cities in which most of his miracles had happened, because they did not repent. 11:21 Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! Because if the miracles had happened in Tyre and Sidon which have happened in you*, they would have repented long-ago in sackcloth and ashes. 11:22 However I say to you*, It will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the day of judgment than for you*. 11:23 And you, Capernaum, who has been exalted to heaven, you will step down to Hades, because if the miracles had happened in Sodom which have happened in you, it would have remained till today. 11:24 However I say to you*, that it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for you.


    11:25 Jesus answered and said at that time, I profess you, O Father, Lord of heaven and the earth, that you hid these things from the wise and intelligent and revealed them to infants. 11:26 Yes, Father, because thus it became a delight before you. 11:27 All things have been given to me by my Father and no one fully knows the Son, except the Father; nor does anyone know the Father fully, except the Son and he to whomever the Son wills to reveal him. 11:28 Come-here to me, all you* who labor and have been loaded down, and I will give-rest to you*. 11:29 Take my yoke upon you* and learn from me, because I am meek and humble in heart and you* will find rest for your* souls. 11:30 For* my yoke is easy and my load is light.


[Matthew 12] TOC


    {Mk 2:23-28 & Mt 12:1-8 & Lk 6:1-5 Jerusalem to Galilee.}

    12:1 Jesus traveled on the Sabbath day through the grainfields at that time, and his disciples were hungry and began to pluck the tops and to eat them. 12:2 But the Pharisees, having seen it, said to him, Behold, your disciples are doing what is not legal to practice upon the Sabbath.

    12:3 But he said to them, Have you* not read what David did, when he himself was hungry and those with him; 12:4 how he entered into the house of God and ate the showbread, which was not legal for him to eat, nor those with him, unlawful except for the priests only? 12:5 Or have you* not read in the law, that on the Sabbath day the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath and yet are crimeless? {1Sam. 21:6} 12:6 But I saying to you*, that a greater than the temple is here. 12:7 But if you* had known what is meant by this, ‘I will to have mercy and not sacrifice,’ {Hos. 6:6} You* would not have sentenced the crimeless. 12:8 For* the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.


    {Mk 3:1-6 & Mt 12:9-14 & Lk 6:6-11 Probably Galilee.}

    12:9 And having proceeded from there, he went into their synagogue. 12:10 And behold, there was a man who had a dried up hand. And they asked him, in order that they might accuse him, saying, Is it legal to heal on the Sabbath day?

    12:11 But he said to them, What man shall there be out of you*, who shall have one sheep and if this one falls into a ditch on the Sabbath day, shall he not take-hold of it and lift it up? 12:12 Then* how much more-value does a man carry than a sheep? So-then it is legal to do good on the Sabbath day?

    12:13 Then he says to the man, Stretch out your hand. And he stretched it out, and it was restored as healthy as the other. 12:14 But the Pharisees having gone out, took counsel against him, *that they should destroy him.


    {Mk 3:7-12 & Mt 12:15-21 Sea of Galilee.}

    12:15 But Jesus having known it, departed from there and large crowds followed him, and he healed them all, 12:16 and rebuked them, that* they should not make* him apparent; 12:17 *that what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, 12:18 ‘Behold, my young-servant whom I selected. My beloved in whom my soul is delighted. I will place my Spirit upon him and he will proclaim judgment to the Gentiles.’ 12:19 ‘He will not have selfish ambition, nor will he cry-out; nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets. 12:20 He will not fracture a bruised reed and he will not quench a smoking wick, until he should cast out the judgment to victory. 12:21 And the Gentiles will hope in his name.’ {Is. 42:1-3}


    {Mk 3:19b-30 & Mt 12:22-37.}

    12:22 Then a demon-possessed man was brought to him, blind and mute and he healed him, so-that the blind and mute man both spoke and saw. 12:23 And all the crowds were astonished and were saying, This is not the son of David, is it?

    12:24 But when* the Pharisees heard it, they said, This one is not casting out demons, except with* Beelzebub the ruler of the demons.

    12:25 But Jesus knowing their contemplations said to them, Every kingdom divided against itself is made desolate, and every city or house divided against itself will not stand. 12:26 And if the Adversary casts out the Adversary, he is divided against himself. Then* how will his kingdom stand? 12:27 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, with* whom do your* sons cast them out? They will be your* judges because of this. 12:28 But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God; consequently*, the kingdom of God has arrive-unexpectedly upon you*. 12:29 Or how is anyone able to enter into the house of the strong man, and plunder his goods, if he does not first bind the strong man? And then he will plunder his house. 12:30 He who is not with me is against me and he who does not gather with me scatters. 12:31 Because of this, I am saying to you*, Every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven to men, but the blasphemy of the Spirit will not be forgiven. 12:32 And whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, not in the age which is now, nor in the future one. 12:33 Either make* the tree good and its fruit good; or make the tree rotten and its fruit rotten; for* the tree is known from its fruit. 12:34 Offspring of vipers! How are you*, being evil, able to speak good things? For* out of the abundance of the heart the mouth is speaking. 12:35 The good man out of his good treasure is casting out good things and the evil man out of his evil treasure is casting out evil things. 12:36 But I am saying to you*, that every idle declaration, whatever men speak, they will give an account in the day of judgment concerning it. 12:37 For* you will be justified from your words and you will be sentenced from your words.


     {Mt 12:38-45; no parallel.}

    12:38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.

    12:39 But answering, he said to them, An evil and adulterous generation is seeking after a sign, and a sign will not be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet; 12:40 for* just-as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea-creature; so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

    12:41 The men of the Ninevites will stand up with this generation in the judgment and will condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, more-than Jonah is here. 12:42 The queen of the south will be arisen with this generation in the judgment and will condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, more-than Solomon is here.

    12:43 But the unclean spirit, whenever it has gone out of the man, goes through waterless places, seeking rest and does not find it. 12:44 Then it says, I will return into my house from where I came out, and when it comes, it finds it unoccupied, having been swept and adorned. 12:45 Then it travels and takes with itself seven other spirits more evil than itself and they enter and dwell there and the last state of that man becomes worse than the first. So it will also be to this evil generation.


    {Mk 3:31-35 & Mt 12:46-50 & Lk 8:19-21.}

    12:46 But while he is still speaking to the crowds, behold, his mother and his brethren stood outside, seeking to speak to him. 12:47 Now someone said to him, Behold, your mother and your brethren are standing outside, seeking to speak to you.

    12:48 But answering, he said to him who spoke to him, Who is my mother? And who are my brethren? 12:49 And he stretched out his hand toward his disciples and said, Behold, my mother and my brethren! 12:50 For* whoever practices the will of my Father who is in the heavens, he is my brother and sister and mother.


[Matthew 13] TOC


    {Mk 4:1-25 & Mt 13:1-23 & Lk 8:4-18 Sea of Galilee.}

    13:1 Now in that day, Jesus went out of the house and was sitting beside the sea. 13:2 And large crowds were gathered to see him, so-that he stepped onto a ship and sat, and all the crowd stood upon the beach.

    13:3 And he spoke many things to them in parables, saying: Behold, the sower went forth to sow; 13:4 and while* he sowed, some fell beside the road and the birds came and devoured them.

    13:5 Now others fell upon the rocky-areas, where they did not have much soil and immediately they rose up because they had no depth of soil; 13:6 and when* the sun rose, they were burnt, and they dried up because they had no root.

    13:7 Now others fell upon the thorns, and the thorns shot up and choked them.

    13:8 But now, others fell upon the good soil and were giving fruit, which some was a hundred times, but some was sixty, but some thirty.

    13:9 He who has ears to hear, let him hear.


    13:10 And the disciples came and said to him, Why do you speak to them in parables?

    13:11 But answering, he said to them, It has been given to you* to know the mysteries of the kingdom of the heavens, but it has not given to those men. 13:12 For* whoever has, to him will be given and he will abound, but whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him. 13:13 Because of this, I speak to them in parables, because seeing, they do not see, and hearing, they do not hear, nor do they understand. 13:14 And the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled upon them, which says, ‘In hearing you* will hear and may never* understand, and seeing you* will see and may never* know; 13:15 for* the heart of this people has become-callous and they have selectively heard with the ears and they have closed their eyes; lest they should see with their eyes and should hear with their ears and should understand with their heart and should turn again and I will heal them.’ {Is. 6:9-10} 13:16 But your* eyes are fortunate, because they are seeing, and your* ears, because they are hearing. 13:17 For* assuredly I say to you*, that many prophets and righteous men desired to see the things you* are seeing and did not see them, and to hear the things you* are hearing and did not hear them.


    13:18 Therefore you*-- hear the parable of the sower: 13:19 everyone hearing the word of the kingdom and not understanding it, then the evil one comes and takes away what has been sown in his heart. This is he who was sown beside the road.

    13:20 And he who was sown upon the rocky-areas, this is he who hears the word and immediately is receiving it with joy; 13:21 but he does not have root in himself, but is temporary, and when* affliction or persecution has happened to him because of the word, immediately he stumbles.

    13:22 And he who was sown among the thorns, this is he who hears the word, and the anxiety of this world and the deception of riches, choke the word and he becomes unfruitful.

    13:23 Now he who was sown upon the good soil, this is he who hears the word and understands it; who bears-fruit and produces some a hundred times, and some sixty, and some thirty!

       {Mt 13:24-30; no parallel.}

    13:24 He placed another parable with them, saying: The kingdom of the heavens is similar to a man who sowed good seed in his field; 13:25 but while* the men slept, his enemy came and sowed darnels between the stalks of the wheat and went away. 13:26 But when the blade sprouted and produced fruit, then the darnels also appeared. 13:27 Now the bondservant of the householder came and said to him, Lord, did you not sow good seed in your field? Then* from where have the darnels come?

    13:28 Now he said to them, A man, an enemy, did this.

    Now the bondservants said to him, Then* do you wish that we go and collect them?

    13:29 But he said, No; lest while collecting up the darnels, you* may uproot the wheat at the same time with them. 13:30 Allow both to be grown together till the harvest, and I will say to the reapers in the time of the harvest, Collect first the darnels and bind them in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn.


    {Mk 4:30-34 & Mt 13:31-35.}

    13:31 He placed another parable before them, saying: The kingdom of the heavens is similar to a kernel of a mustard-seed, which a man took and sowed in his field; 13:32 which indeed is least compared to all of the other seeds, but whenever it is grown, it is greater than the herbs and becomes a tree, so-that the birds of the heaven come and nest in its branches.


    13:33 He spoke another parable to them: The kingdom of the heavens is similar to leaven, which a woman took and hid in three three-gallon containers of flour, until it was entirely leavened.


    13:34 Jesus spoke all these things in parables to the crowds, and he was not speaking to them without a parable; 13:35 *that what was spoken through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, ‘I will open my mouth in parables. I will utter things which have been hidden from the conception of the world.’ {Ps. 78:2}


    {Mt 13:36-53; no parallel.}

    13:36 Then Jesus, having left the crowds, went into the house and his disciples came to him, saying, Explain to us the parable of the darnels of the field.

    13:37 Now answering, he said to them, He who is sowing the good seed is the Son of Man; 13:38 and the field is the world, and the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom, and the darnels are the sons of the evil one; 13:39 and the enemy that sowed them is the Devil and the harvest is the end of the world, and the reapers are messengers. 13:40 Therefore, just-like the darnels is collected and burned with fire; so it will be in the end of this world. 13:41 The Son of Man will send forth his messengers and they will collect out of his kingdom all the offenses and those who are practicing lawlessness, 13:42 and will cast them into the furnace of fire– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there. 13:43 Then the righteous will shine out like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear.


    13:44 Again, the kingdom of the heavens is similar to a treasure that has been hidden in the field; which a man found and hid, and he goes and sells all his things in his joy, as many things as he has and buys that field.


    13:45 Again, the kingdom of the heavens is similar to a man, who is a merchant, seeking beautiful pearls; 13:46 who found one very precious pearl, went and sold* all his things, as many things as he had, and bought it.


    13:47 Again, the kingdom of the heavens is similar to a dragnet, that was cast into the sea and gathered fish of every variety; 13:48 which, when* it was filled, having hauled it up upon the beach, and having sat down, they collected the good into containers, but they cast the rotten outside. 13:49 So it will be in the end of the world; the messengers will go out and separate* the evil from the midst of the righteous, 13:50 and will cast them into the furnace of fire– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there.


    13:51 And Jesus says to them, Have you* understood all these things?

    They say to him, Yes, Lord.


    13:52 Now he said to them, Because of this, every scribe who has been made a disciple to the kingdom of the heavens is similar to a man who is a householder, who casts forth out of his treasure, new and old things.


    13:53 And it happened, when Jesus had completed these parables, he took off from there.


    {Mk 6:1-6a & Mt 13:54-58 Nazareth.}

    13:54 And when* he came into his fatherland, he was teaching them in their synagogue, so-that they were astounded and said, From where did this one receive the wisdom and the miracles? 13:55 Is this not the carpenter’s son? Is his mother not called* Mary? And his brethren, James and Joses and Simon and Jude? 13:56 And are they not all his sisters with us? Then* from where did this one receive all these things? 13:57 And they were being offended at him.

    But Jesus said to them, A prophet is not without honor, except in his fatherland and in his own house. 13:58 And he did not do many miracles there because of their unbelief.


[Matthew 14] TOC


    {Mk 6:14-29 & Mt 14:1-12 & Lk 9:7-9.}

    14:1 Herod the Tetrarch heard the report of Jesus at that time, 14:2 and said to his young-servants, This is John the Immerser*; he was raised from the dead, and because of this, these powers are working in him. 14:3 For* Herod had took-hold of John, and bound him, and placed him in prison because of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife.

    14:4 For* John said to him, It is not legal for you to have her.

    14:5 And wishing to kill him, but he feared the crowd, because they held him as a prophet.

    14:6 Now when* Herod’s birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced in the midst of the court and pleased Herod; 14:7 from where he confessed with an oath to give her whatever she asks of him.

    14:8 Now being pushed forward by her mother, she says, Give me the head of John the Immerser* upon a platter here.

    14:9 And the king was sorrowful, but because of his oaths and of those who reclined at the meal together with him, he commanded it to be given. 14:10 And he sent and beheaded John in the prison. 14:11 And his head was brought upon a platter, and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother. 14:12 And his disciples came and lifted up the body, and buried it, and they went and reported to Jesus.


    {Mk 6:30-32 & Mt 14:13 & Lk 9:10 & Jn 6:1 East shore of Galilee.}

    14:13 And when* Jesus heard it, he departed from there in a ship, privately to a desolate place, and when* the crowds heard of it, they followed him on foot from the cities.


    {Mk 6:33-44 & Mt 14:14-21 & Lk 9:11-17 & Jn 6:2-14.}

    14:14 And when* Jesus went out, he saw a large crowd, and he had compassion on them and healed their sick. 14:15 Now when* it became evening, his disciples came to him, saying, The place is desolate and the hour has already passed away; dismiss the crowds, that* they may go away into the villages and buy food for themselves.

    14:16 But Jesus said to them, They have no need to go away; give them food to eat.

    14:17 But they say to him, We do not have anything here except five loaves and two fish.

    14:18 Now he said, Bring them here to me. 14:19 And he commanded the crowds to recline upon the grass, and he took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he gave-thanks and broke them, and he gave the loaves to the disciples, and the disciples then gave to the crowds. 14:20 And they all ate and were fed, and they took up what was leftover of the broken pieces, twelve baskets full. 14:21 Now those eating were approximately five thousand men, plus women and children.


    {Mk 6:45-56 & Mt 14:22-36 & Jn 6:15-21.}

    14:22 And immediately, Jesus urged the disciples to step into the ship, and to precede him to the area beyond-that, until he should dismiss the crowds. 14:23 And after he had dismissed the crowds, he went up into the mountain privately to pray. Now when* evening came*, he was alone there. 14:24 But the ship was already in the midst of the sea, was being tormented by the waves; for* the wind was adverse. 14:25 Now in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went to them, walking upon the sea. 14:26 And when* the disciples saw him walking upon the sea, they were disturbed, saying, It is an apparition, and they cried out from their fear.

    14:27 But immediately, Jesus spoke to them, saying, Have courage; it is I; do not be afraid.

    14:28 Now Peter answered him and said, Lord, if it is you, command me to come to you upon the waters.

    14:29 Now he said, Come.

    And Peter went down from the ship, and walked upon the waters to come to Jesus. 14:30 But when* he saw the strong wind, he was afraid, and beginning to sink, he cried out, saying, Lord, save me.

    14:31 Now immediately, Jesus stretched out his hand and grabbed him, and says to him, You of small faith, why were you skeptical?

    14:32 And when* they stepped into the ship, the wind pauses. 14:33 Now those in the ship, having come to him, worshiped him, saying, You are truly the Son of God.


    14:34 And having ferried over, they came to the land of Gennesaret. 14:35 And when* the men of that place recognized him, they sent word into the whole region around and brought to him all who were ill, 14:36 and they were pleading with him that* they might only touch the hem of his garment and as many as touched it, were cured.


[Matthew 15] TOC


    {Mk 7:1-23 & Mt 15:1-20 & Jn 7:1 Galilee, probably Capernaum Spring 29 AD.}

    15:1 Then the scribes and Pharisees from Jerusalem come to Jesus, saying, 15:2 Why are your disciples transgressing the tradition of the elders? For* they do not wash their hands whenever they eat bread.

    15:3 But answering, he said to them, Why do you* also transgress the commandment of God because of your* tradition? 15:4 For* God commanded, saying, ‘Honor your father and your mother.’ {Ex. 20:12 & Deu. 5:16} And, ‘He who is speaking evil of their father or mother, let him be ended by the sentence of death.’ {Ex. 21:17 & Lev. 20:9} 15:5 But you* say, Whoever says to his father or his mother, in whatever you might have been profited from me, it is a gift to God, 15:6 and then should never* honor his father and mother, and thus you* invalidated the commandment of God because of your* tradition. 15:7 You* hypocrites! Isaiah prophesied well concerning you*, saying, 15:8 ‘These people are drawing near to me with their mouth, and are honoring me with their lips, but their heart is faraway from me. 15:9 But they are worshiping me in futility, teaching as their teachings– the commandments of men.’ {Is. 29:13}

    15:10 And he called to him the crowd and said to them, Hear and understand! 15:11 Not what enters into the mouth desecrates the man, but what goes-onward from the mouth, this desecrates the man.


    15:12 Then the disciples, having come to him, said, Do you know that the Pharisees were offended when* they heard this speech?

    15:13 Answering, he said, Every plant which my heavenly father did not plant will be uprooted. 15:14 Allow them; they are blind guides of the blind. Now if the blind guide the blind, both will fall into a ditch.

    15:15 Now Peter answered and said to him, Explain to us the parable.

    15:16 Now Jesus said, Are you* also without understanding at this point? 15:17 Do you* not yet perceive, that whatever travels into the mouth makes room in the belly, and is cast out into the sewer? 15:18 But these things which travel from the mouth, come out from the heart, and they desecrate the man. 15:19 For* out of the heart comes forth evil reasonings, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false testimonies, blasphemies. 15:20 These are the things which desecrate the man, but to eat with unwashed hands does not desecrate the man.


    {Mk 7:24 & Mt 15:21.}

    15:21 And Jesus went out from there, and departed into the parts of Tyre and Sidon.


    {Mk 7:25-30 & Mt 15:22-28 Tyre and Sidon.}

    15:22 And behold, a woman from Canaan came out from those borders, and cried-out to him, saying, Show-mercy to me, O Lord, you the son of David. My daughter is evilly demon-possessed. 15:23 But he was not answering her a word.

    And his disciples came and asked him, saying, Dismiss her, because she is crying behind us.

    15:24 But answering, he said, I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

    15:25 But she came and worshiped him, saying, Lord, help me.

    15:26 Now answering, he said, It is not good to take the children’s bread and cast it to the puppies.

    15:27 But she said, Yes, Lord; for* even the puppies eat of the crumbs which are falling from the table of their lords.

    15:28 Then Jesus answered and said to her, O woman, great is your faith. Let it happen for you as you will it. And her daughter was healed from that hour.


    {Mk 7:31 & Mt 15:29 Avoiding Herod’s territory.}

    15:29 And Jesus proceeded from there, and came near to the sea of Galilee, and he went up into the mountain and was sitting there.

    {Mk 7:32-37 & Mt 15:30-31 Magadan and Bethsaida Summer 29 AD.}

    15:30 And large crowds came to him there, having the lame, blind, mute, crippled and many others with them. They tossed them beside the feet of Jesus, and he healed them; 15:31 so-that the crowds marveled, seeing the mute speaking; the crippled healthy; the lame walking; and the blind seeing; and they glorified the God of Israel.


    {Mk 8:1-8:9 & Mt 15:32-38.}

    15:32 Now Jesus called his disciples to him, and said, I have compassion upon the crowd because they already remain with me three days, and do not have anything in which they might eat, and I am not willing to dismiss them starving, lest they might faint on the road.

    15:33 And his disciples say to him, From where can we buy so-many loaves for us in the wilderness, so-then to feed so-great a crowd?

    15:34 And Jesus said to them, How many loaves do you* have?

    But they said, Seven and a few small-fish.

    15:35 And he commanded the crowd to lean-back upon the soil. 15:36 And he took the seven loaves and the few fish, and he gave-thanks and broke them, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples gave to the crowds. 15:37 And they all ate and were fed, and they took up what was leftover of the broken pieces, seven baskets full. 15:38 Now those eating were approximately four thousand men, plus women and children.


    {Mk 8:10-26 & Mt 15:39-16:12 Near Caesarea Philippi Summer 29 AD.}

    15:39 And he dismissed the crowds, and stepped into the ship, and went into the borders of Magadan.


[Matthew 16] TOC


    16:1 And having come to him, the Pharisees and Sadducees testing him, asked him to show them a sign from heaven. 16:2 But having answered, he said to them, When* it becomes evening, you* say, It will be fair-weather; for* the heaven is red. 16:3 And in the morning, There will be a storm today; for* the heaven is red and dismal. Hypocrites! You* indeed know how to discern the face of the heaven, but you* are not able to discern the signs of the times. 16:4 An evil and adulterous generation is seeking after a sign, and no sign will be given to it, except the sign of Jonah the prophet. And he left them and went away.


    16:5 And his disciples came to the area beyond-that, and forgot to take bread. 16:6 Now Jesus said to them, See and take-heed of things from the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

    16:7 Now they were reasoning among themselves, saying, It is because we took no bread.

    16:8 Now Jesus having known it, said to them, You* of small faith, why are you* reasoning among yourselves, because you* took no bread? 16:9 Do you* not yet perceive, nor remember the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets you* took up? 16:10 Nor the seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many baskets you* took up? 16:11 How is it that you* do not perceive that I did not speak to you* concerning bread, but to take-heed of things from the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees? 16:12 Then they understood that he did not say to take-heed of things from the leaven of bread, but of things from the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.


    {Mk 8:27-30 & Mt 16:13-20 & Lk 9:18-21 Caesarea Philippi.}

    16:13 Now when* Jesus came into the parts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Who do men say the Son of Man is?

    16:14 Now they said, Some say John the Immerser*; others, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.

    16:15 He says to them, But who do you* say that I am?

    16:16 Now Simon Peter answering, said, You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.

    16:17 And Jesus answering, said to him, You are fortunate, Simon, Son of Jonah, because flesh and blood has not revealed it to you, but my Father who is in heaven. 16:18 But I also say to you, that you are {F} Peter and upon this, {F} the rock, I will build my {F} congregation*, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against her. 16:19 I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of the heavens, and whatever you bind upon the earth will be, having already been bound in the heavens, and whatever you loose upon the earth will be, having already been loosed in the heavens. 16:20 Then he ordered the disciples that* they should tell no one that he was Jesus Christ.


    {Mk 8:31-9:1 & Mt 16:21-28 & Lk 9:22-27 Caesarea Philippi.}

    16:21 From then, Jesus began to show to his disciples, that it is essential for him to go to Jerusalem and to suffer many things from the elders and high-priests and scribes, and to be killed, and to arise in the third day. 16:22 And Peter took him and began to rebuke him, saying, God will be lenient to you, Lord. This will never* be happening to you.

    16:23 But he turned and said to Peter, Go behind me, Adversary! You are an offense to me, because you are not mindful of the things of God, but the things of men.

    16:24 Then Jesus said to his disciples, If anyone is willing to come after me, let him deny himself and lift up his cross and follow me. 16:25 For* whoever wishes to save his life, will lose it, and whoever loses his life because of me will find it. 16:26 For* what is a man profited, if he gains the whole world, and should forfeit his soul? Or what shall a man give as an exchange for his soul? 16:27 For* the Son of Man is about to come in the glory of his Father with his messengers, and then he will give to each one according to his practice. 16:28 Assuredly I say to you*, Some of those who are standing here may never* taste of death, until they should see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.


    {Footnotes: Mt 16:18, these words are different in Greek. Peter translated is a ‘pebble’ and the other word is ‘rock’ as in ‘a massive rock or rock foundation,’ the kind of rock that the wise man built his house on in Mt 7:24-25, i.e., congregated believers, Eph 4:1-6; discussed more in the ‘Definitions’ section.}


[Matthew 17] TOC


    {Mk 9:2-13 & Mt 17:1-13 & Lk 9:28-36 Caesarea Philippi.}

    17:1 And after six days Jesus takes with him Peter and James and John his brother, and privately brings them up into a high mountain. 17:2 And he was transfigured before them, and his face shined like the sun, and his garments became white like the light. 17:3 And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, speaking together with him.

    17:4 Now Peter answering, said to Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here; if you will it. Should we make* three tabernacles here; one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah?

    17:5 While* he is still speaking, behold, a radiant cloud overshadowed them, and behold, a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am delighted; hear him!

    17:6 And when* the disciples heard it, they fell upon their face, and were extremely afraid. 17:7 And Jesus came and touched them and said, Arise and do not be afraid. 17:8 Now lifting up their eyes, they saw no one, except Jesus only.

    17:9 And while* they are coming down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying, Tell the vision to no one, until the Son of Man should rise* from the dead.

    17:10 And his disciples asked him, saying, Then* why do the scribes say that it is essential for Elijah to come first?

    17:11 Now Jesus answering, said to them, Indeed Elijah comes first and will restore all things. 17:12 But I am saying to you*, that Elijah already came, and they did not recognize him, but did as many things as they wished to him. So the Son of Man is also about to suffer by them. 17:13 Then the disciples understood that he spoke to them concerning John the Immerser*.


    {Mk 9:14-29 & Mt 17:14-21 & Lk 9:37-43 Region of Caesarea Philippi.}

    17:14 And having come to the crowd, a man came to him, kneeling down to him, and saying, 17:15 Lord, show-mercy to my son, because he is epileptic, and suffers evilly; for* he often falls into the fire and often into the water. 17:16 And I brought him to your disciples, and they were not able to heal him.

    17:17 But Jesus answering, said, O unbelieving and perverse generation, until when shall I be with you*? Until when shall I tolerate you*? Bring him here to me. 17:18 And Jesus rebuked him, and the demon went out of him, and the boy was healed from that hour.

    17:19 Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and said, Why were we not able to cast it out?

    17:20 Now Jesus said to them, Because of your* unbelief. For* assuredly I say to you*, If you* have faith like a kernel of a mustard-seed, you* will say to this mountain, Proceed from here to over there, and it will proceed, and nothing will be impossible for you*. 17:21 But this variety of demon does not go-onward except with* prayer and fasting.


    {Mk 9:30-32 & Mt 17:22-23 & Lk 9:43-45 Return to Galilee.}

    17:22 Now when* they are conducting work in Galilee, Jesus said to them, The Son of Man is about to be given up into the hands of men; 17:23 and they will kill him, and he will be arisen in the third day. And they were extremely sorrowful.


    {Mt 17:24-27 Capernaum Sept. 29 AD; no parallel.}

    17:24 Now having come to Capernaum, those who receive the four-denarii tax came to Peter and said, Does your* teacher not pay the four-denarii tax?

    17:25 He says, Yes.

    And when he entered into the house, Jesus anticipated him, saying, What do you think, Simon? The kings of the earth, from whom do they receive taxes or tribute? From their sons or from aliens?

    17:26 And Peter says to him, From aliens.

    Jesus said to him, Consequently*, the sons are free. 17:27 But in order that we might not offend them, you travel to the sea and cast a fishhook, and lift out the fish that ascends first, and when* you have opened its mouth, you will find a four-denarii coin. Take that, and give it to them in exchange-for you and me.


[Matthew 18] TOC


    {Mk 9:33-50 & Mt 18:1-14 & Lk 9:46-50 Sept. 29 AD.}

    18:1 The disciples came to Jesus in that hour, saying, Who then is greater in the kingdom of the heavens?

    18:2 And Jesus, having called to him a little child, stood it in the midst of them, 18:3 and said, Assuredly I say to you*, If you* do not turn and become like little children, you* may never* enter into the kingdom of the heavens. 18:4 Therefore, whoever humbles himself like this little child, this one is the greater one in the kingdom of the heavens. 18:5 And whoever accepts one such child in my name, accepts me. 18:6 But whoever offends one of these little ones who believes in me, it is more advantageous for him that* a millstone, the ones rotated by a donkey, should be hung on his neck, and that* he should be sunk in the depths of the sea.


    18:7 Woe to the world from where the offenses come! For* it is a necessity that the offenses come; however, woe to that man through whom the offense comes! 18:8 Now if your hand or your foot is offending you, cut both of them off and cast them from you. It is good for you to enter into life lame or crippled, rather than to be cast into the everlasting fire, having two hands or two feet. 18:9 And if your eye is offending you, pluck it out and cast it from you. It is good for you to enter into life one-eyed, rather than having two eyes, and to be cast into the hell of fire.

    18:10 See that you* do not despise one of these little ones; for* I say to you*, that in the heavens their messengers are always looking at the face of my Father who is in the heavens. 18:11 For* the Son of Man came to save what has been lost.

    {Similar: Mt 18:12-14, Lk 15:3-7}

    18:12 What are you* thinking? If there should happen to be any man who has a hundred sheep, and one out of them might be misled, does he not leave the ninety nine and travel to the mountains, and seek the one that is misled? 18:13 And if he happens to find it, assuredly I say to you*, He rejoices over it more than over the ninety nine which have not been misled. 18:14 So it is also not the will before your* Father who is in heaven, that* one of these little ones should perish.


    {Mt 18:15-35; no parallel.}

    18:15 Now if your brother sins against {Greek: toward} you, go and reprove him, the sin is between you and him only; if he hears you, you have gained your brother. 18:16 But if he does not hear you, take with you one or two more, that*, ‘at the mouth of two or three witnesses every declaration should be established.’ {Deu. 19:15} 18:17 But if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the congregation*, and if he also refuses to hear the congregation*, let him be just-like the Gentile and the tax collector to you.

    18:18 Assuredly I say to you*, As many things as you* may bind upon the earth will be, having already been bound in heaven, and as many things as you* may loose upon earth will be, having already been loosed in heaven. 18:19 Again I say to you*, that if two of you* agree together upon the earth concerning any matter, whatever they ask, it will happen for them from my Father who is in the heavens. 18:20 For* where two or three have been gathered together in my name, I am there in the midst of them.


    18:21 Then Peter having come to him, said, Lord, how-often will my brother sin against {Greek: toward} me and I forgive him? Until seven-times?

    18:22 Jesus says to him, I do not say to you, Until seven times, but, until seventy-times seven-times. 18:23 Because of this, the kingdom of the heavens is similar to a certain king who wished to settle the account with his bondservants. 18:24 Now having begun to settle the account, one man was brought to him, a debtor of ten-thousand silver talants {$10 billion total}. 18:25 But he did not have anything to repay him with, so his lord commanded him and his wife and children and all things, as many things as he had, to be sold* and the money to be repaid to him.

    18:26 Then* the bondservant falling down, was worshiping him, saying, Lord, have patience upon me, and I will repay all of it to you. 18:27 But the lord of that bondservant, having compassion on him, released him and forgave him the loan.

    18:28 But that bondservant went out and found one of his fellow bondservants who owed him a hundred denarii, and he took-hold of him, and was choking him, saying, Repay if you owe me anything.

    18:29 Then* his fellow bondservant, falling down at his feet, was pleading with him, saying, Have patience upon me and I will repay you. 18:30 But he did not wish to, but went and cast him into prison, until he should repay what is owed. 18:31 But his fellow bondservants, having seen the things that had happened, were extremely sorrowful. And having come to their own lord, they told all the things which had happened.

    18:32 Then his lord called him, and says to him, You evil bondservant, I forgave you all that debt, since you pleaded with me. 18:33 It was essential for you to have shown-mercy also on your fellow bondservant, as I also had shown-mercy to you. 18:34 And his lord, being angry, gave him to the torturers until he should repay everything that is owed to him. 18:35 So my heavenly Father will also do to you*, if each of you* does not forgive his brother his trespasses from your* hearts.


[Matthew 19] TOC


    {Mk 10:1-12 & Mt 19:1-12.}

    19:1 And it happened, when Jesus had completed these words, he took off from Galilee and came into the borders of Judea beyond-that of the Jordan; 19:2 and large crowds followed him, and he healed them there.


    19:3 And the Pharisees came to him, testing him and saying to him, Is it legal for a man to divorce his wife for every cause?

    19:4 But answering, he said to them, Have you* not read, He who made* them, made* them male and female from the beginning. {Gen. 1:27, 5:2} 19:5 And said, Because of this, a man will leave his father and mother and will be joined to his wife, and the two will become one flesh. {Gen. 2:24} 19:6 So-that they are no more two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has yoked together; let man not separate.

    19:7 They say to him, Then* why did Moses command us to give a document of divorcement and to dismiss her? {Deu. 24:1-4}

    19:8 He says to them, Moses permitted you* to divorce your* wives for your* hardness of heart, but from the beginning it has not become so. 19:9 But I am saying to you*, Whoever divorces his wife not over {Greek: upon. Or: upon the basis of} fornication, and should marry another, is committing adultery, and he who marries her who has been divorced is committing adultery. {Mt 5:32, Lk 16:18}

    19:10 His disciples say to him, If thus is the case of the man with his wife, it is not advantageous to marry.

    19:11 But he said to them, Not all people will make room for this word, but they to whom it has been given: 19:12 for* there are eunuchs who were born so out of their mother’s womb, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who made themselves eunuchs because of the kingdom of the heavens. He who is able to make room for it, let him make room for it.


    {Mk 10:13-16 & Mt 19:13-15 & Lk 18:15-17 Peraea.}

    19:13 Then little children were brought to him, that* he might lay his hands on them and might pray for them, and the disciples rebuked them. 19:14 But Jesus said, Allow the little children, and do not forbid them to come to me; for* of such is the kingdom of the heavens. 19:15 And he laid his hands on them, and traveled from there.


    {Mk 10:17-31 & Mt 19:16-20:16 & Lk 18:18-30 Peraea.}

    19:16 And behold, one man came to him and said to him, Good teacher, what good things should I do that* I may have everlasting life?

    19:17 Now he said to him, Why do you call* me good? No one is good except one– God, but if you wish to enter into everlasting life, keep the commandments.

    19:18 He says to him, What ones?

    Now Jesus said, Do not murder; Do not commit adultery; Do not steal; Do not falsely testify, 19:19 Honor your father and mother. {Ex. 20:12-16 & Deu. 5:16-20} And, You will love* your neighbor like yourself. {Lev. 19:18}

    19:20 The young-man says to him, I have observed all these things from my youth. So what do I still lack?

    19:21 Jesus said to him, If you wish to be complete, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor and you will have treasure in heaven and come-here. Follow me. 19:22 But when* the young-man heard the word, he went away and was sorrowing; for* he had many properties.


    19:23 Now Jesus said to his disciples, Assuredly I say to you*, A rich man will hardly enter into the kingdom of the heavens. 19:24 And again I say to you*, It is easier for a camel to go through a needle’s eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

    19:25 Now when* his disciples heard it, they were being extremely astounded, saying, Who then is able to be saved?

    19:26 But Jesus, looking at them, said to them, This is impossible with men, but all things are possible with God.

    19:27 Then Peter answering, said to him, Behold, we have left all and followed you; what then will we have?

    19:28 But Jesus said to them, Assuredly I say to you*, that you* who have followed me, whenever the Son of Man sits upon the throne of his glory in the rebirth, you* will also sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 19:29 And everyone who has left houses or brethren or sisters, or their father or mother or wife, or children or fields, because of my name, will receive a hundred-times that, and will inherit everlasting life. 19:30 But many will be last who are first, and first who are last.


[Matthew 20] TOC


    20:1 For* the kingdom of the heavens is similar to a man who was a householder, who went out at the same time every morning to hire workers into his vineyard. 20:2 And having agreed together with the workers for a denarius a day {a standard day’s pay}, he sent them into his vineyard. 20:3 And he went out around the third hour {i.e. 9:00 AM} and saw others standing idle in the marketplace; 20:4 and he said to those men, You* also, go into the vineyard and I will give you* whatever is just. And they went. 20:5 Again, going out around the sixth {i.e. Noon} and the ninth hour; {i.e. 3:00 PM} and he did likewise*. 20:6 Now around the eleventh hour, {i.e. 5:00 PM} he went out and found others standing idle, and he says to them, Why are you* standing here idle the whole day?

    20:7 They say to him, Because no one has hired us.

    So he says to them, You* also, go into the vineyard and I will give you* whatever is just. 20:8 Now when* it became evening, the lord of the vineyard says to his commissioner, Call the workers and give to them their wages, beginning from the last to the first. 20:9 And when* those hired around the eleventh hour {i.e. 5:00 PM} came, they each received a denarius apiece. 20:10 Now when* the first came, they supposed that they will receive more, but they themselves also received a denarius apiece.

    20:11 But having received it, they were murmuring against the householder, 20:12 saying, These last ones have only done one hour of work, and you have made* them equal to us, who have borne the burden of the day and the burning heat.

    20:13 But answering, he said to one of them, Comrade, I am not wronging you. Did you not agree together with me for a denarius? 20:14 Take up what is yours and go away. It is my will to give to this last one, as I also did to you. 20:15 Or is it not legal for me to do what I will in what is mine? Or is your eye evil, because I am good? 20:16 So the last will be first, and the first last; for* many are invited but few are chosen.


    {Mk 10:32-45 & Mt 20:17-28 & Lk 18:31-34; Peraea or Judea, near Jordan.}

    20:17 And while going up to Jerusalem, Jesus took the twelve disciples privately by the road and he said to them, 20:18 Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be given up to the high-priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death, 20:19 and they will give him to the Gentiles, *that* they should mock and scourge and crucify him, and in the third day he will rise* again.


    20:20 Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee, with her sons, came to him, worshiping him, and asking something of him. 20:21 But he said to her, What do you wish?

    She says to him, Say that* these, my two sons, may sit, one at your right hand and one at your left hand in your kingdom.

    20:22 But Jesus answering, said, You* do not know what you* ask. Are you* able to drink the cup which I am about to drink, and to be immersed* with the immersion* to which I am about to be immersed*?

    They say to him, We are able.

    20:23 And he says to them, Indeed, you* will drink my cup and you* will be immersed* with the immersion* to which I am immersed*, but to sit at my right and at my left, is not mine to give, but it is for them for whom it has been prepared by my Father. 20:24 And having heard this, they were indignant concerning the two brothers.

    20:25 But Jesus called them to him, and said, You* know that the rulers of the Gentiles are lording it over them, and their great ones wield authority over them. 20:26 But it will not be so among you*, but whoever wishes to become great among you*, he will be your* servant; 20:27 and whoever wishes to be first among you*, let him be your* bondservant; 20:28 just-like the Son of Man did not come to be served to, but to serve and to give his life as a redemption in exchange-for many.


    {Mk 10:46-52 & Mt 20:29-34 & Lk 18:35-43; Jericho.}

    20:29 And when* they traveled out from Jericho, a large crowd followed him. 20:30 And behold, two blind men sitting by the road, having heard that Jesus was passing by, they cried out, saying, Lord, son of David, show-mercy to us! 20:31 But the crowd rebuked them, that* they should be silent, but they were crying out the greatest, saying, Lord, son of David, show-mercy to us!

    20:32 And Jesus stood and summoned them, and said, What do you* will that I might do for you*?

    20:33 They say to him, Lord, that* our eyes might be opened. 20:34 Now Jesus, having compassion, touched their eyes, and immediately their eyes recovered their sight and they followed him.


[Matthew 21] TOC


       {The week of Jesus’ crucifixion. Mk 11:1-11 & Mt 21:1-12, 14-17 & Lk 19:29-44 & Jn 12:12-19 Bethany to Jerusalem and back Sun. April 2, 30 AD.}

    21:1 And when they drew near to Jerusalem and came to Bethphage, toward the Mountain of Olives, Jesus then sent two disciples, 21:2 saying to them, Travel into the village which is in front of you*, and immediately you* will find a donkey that has been tied and a colt with her. Loose them and lead them to me. 21:3 And if anyone says anything to you*, You* will say, The Lord has need of them, and immediately he will send them. 21:4 Now this whole thing has happened, in order that what was spoken through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying, 21:5 ‘Tell the daughter of Zion, Behold, your King is coming to you, meek and has been mounted upon a donkey and a colt, the son of a donkey.’ {Is. 62:11 & Zech. 9:9} 21:6 Now the disciples having traveled and having done just-as Jesus commanded them, 21:7 they led the donkey and the colt and placed their garments upon them, and he sat upon them. 21:8 But most of the crowd spread their garments in the road, and others were cutting branches from the trees and spreading them in the road.

    21:9 Now the crowds that precede him and who are following him, were crying, saying, ‘Hosanna to the son of David. He who is coming in the name of the Lord has been blessed.’ Hosanna in the highest.’ {Ps. 118:25-26} 21:10 And having come into Jerusalem, all the city was shaken up, saying, Who is this?

    21:11 But the crowds were saying, This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee.


    {Mk 11:12-18 & Mt 21:18, 19, 12, 13 & Lk 19:45-48 Road from Bethany to Jerusalem Mon.}

    21:12 And Jesus entered into the temple of God, and cast out all those who are selling and buying in the temple, and turned over the tables of the brokers and the chairs of those selling the doves; 21:13 and he says to them, It has been written, My house will be called a house of prayer, but you* made* it a den of robbers. {Is. 56:7 & Jer. 7:11}

    21:14 And the blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he healed them. 21:15 But when* the high-priests and the scribes saw the marvelous things that he did, and the children crying in the temple and saying, Hosanna to the son of David.

    They were indignant, 21:16 and said to him, Do you hear what they are saying?

    But Jesus says to them, Yes. Have you* never* read, ‘You have matured praise out of the mouth of infants and nursing babies.’ {Ps. 8:2} 21:17 And he left them, and went forth outside the city to Bethany, and camped there.


    21:18 Now in the morning, as he was leading them back to the city, he hungered. 21:19 And seeing a fig tree upon the road, he came upon it and found nothing in it, except leaves only, and he says to it, Let it happen that there is no fruit from you any longer, forever. And instantly the fig tree dried up.


    {Mk 11:19-26 & Mt 21:20-22 & Lk 21:37-38 Road from Bethany to Jerusalem Tues.}

    21:20 And when* the disciples saw it, they marveled, saying, How did the fig tree instantly dry up?

    21:21 Now Jesus answering, said to them, Assuredly I say to you*, If you* have faith and do not doubt, you* will not only do the miracle of the fig tree, but even if you* say to this mountain, Be lifted up and cast yourself into the sea, it will happen. 21:22 And all things, as many things as you* may ask in prayer, and believing, you* will receive.


    {Mk 11:27-33 & Mt 21:23-27 & Lk 20:1-8 Courtyard of the Temple, Tues.}

    21:23 And having come into the temple, the high-priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, saying, By what authority are you doing these things? And who gave you this authority?

    21:24 But Jesus answering, said to them, I will also ask you* one question, which if you* tell me, then I will also tell you* by what authority I am doing these things. 21:25 The immersion* of John, where was it from, from heaven or from men?

    Now they were reasoning with themselves, saying, If we say, From heaven; he will say to us, Then* why did you* not believe him? 21:26 But if we say, From men; we fear the crowd; for* all hold John as a prophet. 21:27 And they answered Jesus and said, We do not know.

    He also said to them, Nor do I tell you* by what authority I am doing these things.


    {Mt 21:28-32; no parallel.}

    21:28 But what do you* think? A man had two children, and he came to the first and said, Child, go work today in my vineyard.

    21:29 But answering, he said, I will not, but later he regretted it and went.

    21:30 And he came to the second and said likewise*. But answering, he said, I will go lord, and did not go. 21:31 Which one out of the two did the will of his father?

    They say, The first.

    Jesus says to them, Assuredly I say to you*, that the tax collectors and the prostitutes precede into the kingdom of God before you*. 21:32 For* John came to you* in the way of righteousness, and you* did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him, and then having seen it, you* did not even regret it later, that you* might believe him.


    {Mk 12:1-12 & Mt 21:33-46 & Lk 20:9-19.}

    21:33 Hear another parable: there was a certain man, a householder, who planted a vineyard and placed a fence around it, and shoveled a winepress in it, and built a tower and rented it out to farmers, and went abroad. 21:34 Now when the time of the fruits drew near, he sent his bondservants to the farmers, to receive his fruits. 21:35 And then the farmers took his bondservants and whipped one, and killed one and stoned one. 21:36 Again, he sent other bondservants, more-than the first, and they did to them likewise*. 21:37 But later he sent to them his son, saying, They will revere my son. 21:38 But the farmers, when* they saw the son, said among themselves, This is the heir. Come-here. We should kill him, and we might hold-onto his inheritance. 21:39 And they took him and cast him forth outside the vineyard, and killed him. 21:40 Therefore, whenever the lord of the vineyard comes, what shall he do to those farmers?

    21:41 They say to him, He will evilly destroy those evil men, and will rent the vineyard to other farmers, who will give to him the fruits at their seasons.

    21:42 Jesus says to them, Have you* never* read in the Scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected*, this has become the head of the corner; this has become from the Lord and it is marvelous in our eyes? {Ps. 118:22-23} 21:43 Because of this, I am saying to you*, The kingdom of God will be taken away from you*, and will be given to a nation producing the fruits of it. 21:44 And he who falls upon this stone will be shattered, but upon whomever it will fall, it will smash him. 21:45 And when* the high-priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they knew that he spoke concerning them. 21:46 And seeking to take-hold of him, but they feared the crowds, since they held him as a prophet.


[Matthew 22] TOC


    {Mt 22:1-14; no parallel.}

    22:1 And Jesus answering, spoke again to them in parables, saying: 22:2 The kingdom of the heavens is similar to a certain king, who made* a marriage feast for his son, 22:3 and sent forth his bondservants to call to those who have been invited to the marriage feast, and they were not willing to come. 22:4 Again he sent forth other bondservants, saying, Tell those who have been invited, Behold, I prepared my meal; my oxen and my fattened calves have been sacrificed, and all things are prepared. Come-here to the marriage feast. 22:5 But they neglecting it, went away, one to his own field, another to his merchandise; 22:6 and the rest took-hold of his bondservants, and abused them and killed them. 22:7 And that king, having heard it, was angry, and he having sent his armies, destroyed those murderers and incinerated their city.

    22:8 Then he says to his bondservants, The wedding is prepared, but those who have been invited were not worthy. 22:9 Therefore, travel on the thoroughfares of the roads, and as many as you* may find, invite to the marriage feast. 22:10 And those bondservants, having gone out into the roads, gathered together all things, as many people as they found, both evil and good and the wedding was filled with people reclining at the table.

    22:11 But when* the king came in to look at those reclining at the table, he saw a man there who has not clothed himself in wedding attire; 22:12 and he says to him, Comrade, how did you come in here not having on your wedding attire? Now he was dumbfounded. 22:13 Then the king said to the servants, When* you* bind him hand and foot, take him away and cast him out into the outer darkness– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there. 22:14 For* many are called, but few are the chosen.


    {Mk 12:13-17 & Mt 22:15-22 & Lk 20:20-26 Courtyard of the Temple, Tues.}

    22:15 Then the Pharisees traveled away and took counsel on how they might ensnare him in his words. 22:16 And they send their disciples to him, with the Herodians, saying, Teacher, we know that you are true and teach the way of God in truth, and do not care concerning anyone’s appearance; for* you do not look at the countenance of men. 22:17 Therefore tell us, What do you think? Is it legal to give tribute to Caesar or not?

    22:18 But Jesus, having known their wickedness, said, Why are you* testing me, you* hypocrites? 22:19 Show me the tribute coin. Now they brought to him a denarius. 22:20 And he says to them, Whose face is this image and inscription? 22:21 They say to him, Caesar’s. Then he says to them, Therefore give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God, the things that are God’s. 22:22 And having heard it, they marveled, and went away, leaving him.

       {Mk 12:18-27 & Mt 22:23-33 & Lk 20:27-39.}

    22:23 In that day, the Sadducees came to him, saying that there is no resurrection, and they asked him, 22:24 saying, Teacher, Moses said, If anyone dies, having no children, his brother will marry his wife and will raise* up seed to his brother. {Deu. 25:5} 22:25 Now seven brethren were with us, and the first having married, but after he was dead*, his wife had no seed left to his brother; 22:26 likewise also the second and the third, to the seventh. 22:27 But after them all, the woman also died. 22:28 Therefore, whose wife will she be of the seven in the resurrection? For* they all had her as a wife.

    22:29 But Jesus answering, said to them, You* are being misled, by not knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of God. 22:30 For* in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are betrothed, but are like messengers of God in heaven. 22:31 But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you* not read what was spoken to you* by God, saying, 22:32 I am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob? {Ex. 3:6} God is not the God of the dead, but of the living. 22:33 And when* the crowds heard it, they were being astounded at his teaching.


   {Mk 12:28-34 & Mt 22:34-40 & Lk 20:40.}

    22:34 But the Pharisees, having heard that he had hushed the Sadducees, were gathered together on the same ground. 22:35 And one out of them, a professor of the law, asked a question, testing him and saying, 22:36 Teacher, what is the great commandment in the law?

    22:37 Now Jesus said to him, You will love* the Lord your God with* your whole heart and with* your whole soul and with* your whole mind. {Deu. 6:5} 22:38 This is the first and the great commandment. 22:39 And the second commandment is similar to it, You will love* your neighbor like yourself. {Lev. 19:18} 22:40 In these two commandments hangs the whole law and the prophets.


    {Mk 12:35-37 & Mt 22:41-46 & Lk 20:41-44.}

    22:41 Now the Pharisees having been gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, 22:42 saying, What do you* think concerning the Christ? Whose son is he?

    They say to him, David’s.

    22:43 He says to them, Then* how does David in the Spirit call him Lord, saying, 22:44 The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right, until I should place your enemies under the footstool of your feet? {Ps. 110:1} 22:45 Therefore, if David calls him Lord, how is he his son? 22:46 And no one was able to answer him a word, nor did anyone dare from that day forth to ask him anymore questions.


[Matthew 23] TOC


    {Mk 12:38-40 & Mt 23:1-39 & Lk 20:45-47 Courts of the Temple, Tues.}

    23:1 Then Jesus spoke to the crowds and to his disciples, 23:2 saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit upon the seat of Moses. 23:3 Therefore, as many things as they may say for you* to keep, keep and do, but do not do them according to their works; for* they say and are not doing. 23:4 For* they bind burdensome and unbearable loads, and place them upon men’s shoulders, but they are not willing to move them even with their finger. 23:5 And they are doing all their works to be seen by men. And they widen their phylacteries and magnify the hems of their garments, 23:6 and they love the foremost-place in the suppers and the foremost seats in the synagogues, 23:7 and the greeting in the marketplaces and to be called by men, Rabbi, Rabbi. 23:8 But do not be called Rabbi; for* only one is your* leader, the Christ, and you* are all brethren. 23:9 Now do not call anyone your* father upon the earth; for* only one is your* Father, who is in the heavens; 23:10 nor be called leaders; for* only one is your* leader– the Christ. 23:11 But the greater of you* will be your* servant. 23:12 But whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.


    {Footnotes: Mt 23:13 & 23:14 are flipped in various Greek texts.}

    23:13 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* devour widows’ houses, and when* you* are praying long prayers for a pretext, because of this, you* will receive even-more condemnation.

    23:14 But woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* lock the kingdom of the heavens before men; for* you* are not entering in yourselves, nor are you* allowing those who are entering in, to enter either.

    23:15 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* go all around the sea and the dry land to make* one Jewish-convert, and whenever he has become one, you* are making* him double the son of hell as you* are yourselves.

    23:16 Woe to you*, you* blind guides, that say, Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing, but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obligated. 23:17 You* are foolish and blind; for* which is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifies the gold? 23:18 And, Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing, but whoever swears by the gift which is upon it, he is obligated. 23:19 You* are foolish and blind; for* which is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifies the gift? 23:20 Therefore, he who swears by the altar swears by it, and by all things upon it. 23:21 And he who swears by the temple, swears by it, and by him who dwells in it. 23:22 And he who swears by the heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by him who is sitting upon it.

    23:23 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* tithe mint and dill and cumin, and yet have left behind the weighty things of the law: justice and mercy and faith. You* ought to do these, and not to have left behind those other things either. 23:24 You* blind guides, who strain out the gnat and swallow the camel!

    23:25 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* cleanse the outside of the cup and the plate, but they are full from swindling and unrighteousness inside. 23:26 Blind Pharisee! First cleanse the cup from within and the plate, that* the outside of them might also become clean.

    23:27 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* are similar to whitewashed burial chambers, which on the outside indeed appear beautiful, but inside are full of dead men’s bones, and full of all uncleanness. 23:28 So on the outside you* indeed appear also righteous to men, but inside, you* are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.

    23:29 Woe to you*, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* build the burial chambers of the prophets and adorn the tombs of the righteous, 23:30 and say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partners with them in the blood of the prophets. 23:31 So-then you* are testifying to yourselves, that you* are sons of those who murdered the prophets. 23:32 And you*, fill up the measure of your* fathers. 23:33 Serpents, offspring of vipers! How may you* flee from the judgment of hell? 23:34 Because of this, behold, I am sending to you* prophets and wise men and scribes, and out of them you* will kill and crucify, and some of them you* will scourge in your* synagogues and persecute from city to city, 23:35 so *that upon you* may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of Abel the righteous {Gen. 4:8} to the blood of Zechariah son of Barachiah, whom you* murdered between the temple and the altar. {Zech 1:7 (?)} 23:36 Assuredly I say to you*, All these things will come upon this generation.


    23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who have been sent to her! How-often I willed to have gathered your children together in the manner a bird gathers her brood under her wings, and you* did not will it! 23:38 Behold, your* house is left to you* desolate; 23:39 for* I say to you*, You* may never* see me from now on, until you* should say, He who is coming in the name of the Lord has been blessed. {Ps. 118:26}


[Matthew 24] TOC


    {Mt 24:1-26, 28 & Mk 13:1-23 & Lk 21:5-24 Destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD. It is best to read Luke 21 first. See also: Lk 19:41-44 & Lk 23:28-31.}

    24:1 And Jesus, coming out, was traveling away from the temple, and his disciples came to him to show him the buildings of the temple. 24:2 But Jesus said to them, Do you* not see all these things? Assuredly I say to you*, One stone may not be left here upon another stone, which will not be torn-down.

 

    24:3 Now when* he sat upon the Mountain of Olives, the disciples privately came to him, saying, Tell us, when will these things be? And what will be the sign of your presence and of the end of the world?

    24:4 And Jesus answering, said to them, Beware, do not let anyone mislead you*. 24:5 For* many will come in my name, saying, I am the Christ, and will mislead many. 24:6 But you* are about to hear of wars and reports of wars; see that you* are not alarmed; for* it is essential for all these things to happen, but the end is not yet. 24:7 For* nation will arise against nation and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and plagues and earthquakes in different places. 24:8 But all these things are the beginning of travail. 24:9 Then they will give you* up to affliction and will kill you*, and you* will be hated by all the nations because of my name. 24:10 And then many will be offended, and will give up one another and will hate one another. 24:11 And many false prophets will arise and will mislead many. 24:12 And because lawlessness will be multiplied, the love* of the many will be cold. 24:13 But he who has endured to the end, this one will be saved. 24:14 And this good-news of the kingdom will be preached in the whole inhabited-earth, *for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.

    24:15 Therefore, whenever you* behold the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place, (let him who is reading perceive), {Da 9:27 & 11:31 & 12:11 the destruction of Jerusalem, see Luke 21.} 24:16 then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains; 24:17 let him who is upon the housetop not go down to take anything out of his house, 24:18 and let him who is in the field not turn behind to take his garments. 24:19 But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing in those days! 24:20 But pray that* your* flight might not happen in the winter, nor on a Sabbath. 24:21 For* then will be great affliction, such-as has not happened from the beginning of the world until now, nor may never* happen again. 24:22 And except if those days had not been shortened, no flesh would have been saved, but because of the chosen, those days will be shortened. 24:23 Then if anyone says to you*, Behold, here is the Christ; or, over here is the Christ. Do not believe it. 24:24 For* false Christs and false prophets will arise and will give great signs and wonders; so-then to mislead, if possible, even the chosen. 24:25 Behold, I have spoken to you* beforehand. 24:26 Therefore if they say to you*, Behold, he is in the wilderness; do not go. Behold, he is in the storerooms; do not believe it.

    24:27 For* just-like the lightning comes from the east and appears even to the west; so also will be the presence of the Son of Man.

    24:28 For* wherever the corpse is, the vultures will be gathered together there.


    {Mt 24:27, 24:29-31 & Mk 13:24-37 & Lk 21:25-28 & 2Th 1:7-9 & 1Cor 15:51-15:58 & Rev 1:7 Second Coming.}

    24:29 But immediately after the affliction of those days, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give her radiance, and the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken; 24:30 and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will grieve, and they will see the Son of Man coming upon the clouds of heaven with power and with much glory. 24:31 And he will send forth his messengers with a loud voice of a trumpet, and they will gather together his chosen from the four winds, from the tip of the heavens to the tip of their four winds.


    {Mt 24:32-35 & Mk 13:28-31 & Lk 21:29-33 Destruction of Jerusalem AD 70.}

    24:32 Now learn from the fig tree its parable: whenever its branch has already become tender and its leaves spring forth, you* know that the summer is near; 24:33 so also you*, whenever you* behold all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors. 24:34 Assuredly I say to you*, This generation may never* pass away, until all these things should happen. 24:35 The heaven and the earth will pass away, but my words may never* pass away.


    {Mt 24:36-44 & Mk 13:32-37 & Lk 21:34-36 Second Coming.}

    24:36 But concerning that day and the hour, no one, nor the messengers of the heavens knows, except my Father only. 24:37 But just-as the days of Noah were, so will the presence of the Son of Man also be. 24:38 For* just-as in the days before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and being betrothed, till the day that Noah entered into the ark, 24:39 and they did not know until the flood came and took them all away; so the presence of the Son of Man will also be. 24:40 Then two men will be in the field; the one is taken and the one is left. 24:41 Two women will be grinding in the mill-house; the one is taken and the one is left. 24:42 Therefore watch, because you* do not know in what hour your* Lord is coming. 24:43 But know this, that if the master of the house knew in what watch the thief is coming, he would have watched and would have not permitted his house roof to be burrowed through. 24:44 Because of this, you* also become prepared, because in an hour you* do not think, the Son of Man is coming.


    {Mt 24:45-51 & Lk 21:37.} {Mt 25:1-46 Mountain of Olives, Tues.}

    24:45 Who then is the faithful and prudent bondservant, whom his lord has designated over his bondservants, to give them their nourishment in season? 24:46 That bondservant is fortunate, whom when* his lord comes, he will find him doing so. 24:47 Assuredly I say to you*, that he will designate him over all his possessions. 24:48 But if that evil bondservant says in his heart, My lord is delaying to come; 24:49 and may begin to beat his fellow bondservants and to eat and drink with the drunken; 24:50 the lord of that bondservant will come in a day in which he is not expecting him, and in an hour which he does not know, 24:51 and will flog him, and place his part with the hypocrites– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there.


[Matthew 25] TOC


    25:1 Then the kingdom of the heavens will be similar to ten virgins, who took their lamps and went forth to the encounter of the bridegroom. 25:2 Now five out of them were prudent and five were foolish. 25:3 Those who were foolish, having taken their lamps, took no oil with them; 25:4 but the prudent took oil in their containers with their lamps. 25:5 Now the bridegroom while he was delaying, they all slumbered and were sleeping. 25:6 But in the middle of the night, there has become an outcry, Behold, the bridegroom is coming! Go forth to the encounter of him. 25:7 Then all those virgins arose and trimmed their lamps. 25:8 Now the foolish said to the prudent, Give us some oil from your* oil, because our lamps are quenched. 25:9 But the prudent answered, saying, No, lest it might not be enough for us and you* too, but rather, travel to those who sell and buy for yourselves. 25:10 But when* they are going away to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were prepared entered with him to the marriage feast, and the door was locked. 25:11 Later the rest of the virgins also came, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us. 25:12 But answering, he said, Assuredly I say to you*, I do not know you*. 25:13 Therefore watch, because you* do not know the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming.


    25:14 For* it is just-like a man, going abroad, who called his own bondservants and gave to them his possessions. 25:15 And to one he gave five silver talants {5 x $1 million}, but to another two, and to another one; to each according to his own ability, and immediately went abroad. 25:16 Now he who received the five talants traveled, and took them and worked with* them, and made* another five talants. 25:17 Likewise*, he who also received the two also gained another two. 25:18 But he who received the one, having gone away, shoveled in the soil and hid his lord’s silver. 25:19 Now after a long time, the lord of those bondservants comes back, and settles the account with them. 25:20 And he who received the five talants came and brought the other five talants, saying, Lord, You gave to me five talants. Behold, I have gained in addition to them, another five talants.

    25:21 But his lord said to him, Well done, good and faithful bondservant. You were over a few things, I will designate you over many things; enter into the joy of your lord.

    25:22 Now he who also received the two talants came and said, Lord, You gave to me two talants. Behold, I have gained in addition to them, another two talants.

    25:23 His lord said to him, Well done, good and faithful bondservant. You were faithful over a few things, I will designate you over many things; enter into the joy of your lord.

    25:24 Now he who also had received the one talant came and said, Lord, I knew you, that you are a hard man, reaping where you did not sow and gathering from where you did not scatter; 25:25 and I was afraid and went away and hid your talant in the soil. Behold, you have your own.

    25:26 But his lord answering, said to him, You evil and lazy bondservant, you knew that I reap where I did not sow and gather from where I did not scatter? 25:27 Therefore, you ought to have put my silver with the bankers, and at my coming, I might get back my own together with interest. 25:28 Therefore, take away the talant from him and give it to him who has the ten talants. 25:29 For* to everyone who has will be given more, and he will abound, but from him who has not, even what he has will be taken away. 25:30 And cast out the useless bondservant into the outer darkness– the weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there.

    25:31 But whenever the Son of Man comes in his glory and all the holy messengers with him. Then he will sit upon the throne of his glory; 25:32 and all the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate* them one from another, like the shepherd separates* the sheep from the goats; 25:33 and he will indeed stand the sheep at his right, but the goats at the left. 25:34 Then the King will say to those at his right, Come-here, those who have been blessed from my Father, inherit the kingdom which has been prepared for you* from the conception of the world: 25:35 for* I was hungry and you* gave me food to eat; I was thirsty and you* gave me a drink; I was a stranger and you* brought* me in; 25:36 I was naked and you* dressed me; I was sick and you* visited me; I was in prison and you* came to me.

    25:37 Then the righteous will answer him, saying, Lord, when did we see you hungry and nourish you? Or thirsty and gave you a drink? 25:38 But when did we see you as a stranger and bring* you in? Or naked and dressed you? 25:39 But when did we see you sick or in prison and came to you?

    25:40 And answering, the King will say to them, Assuredly I say to you*, Inasmuch as you* did it to one of these, my brethren, even the least, you* did it to me. 25:41 Then he will also say to them at the left, Go-onward away from me, you* those who have been cursed into the everlasting fire which has been prepared for the Devil and his messengers: 25:42 for* I was hungry and you* did not give me anything to eat; I was thirsty and you* gave me nothing to drink; 25:43 I was a stranger and you* did not bring* me in; naked and you* did not dress me; sick and in prison and you* did not visit me.

    25:44 Then they will also answer him, saying, Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty, or as a stranger or naked, or sick or in prison, and did not serve you?

    25:45 Then he will answer them, saying, Assuredly I say to you*, Inasmuch as you* did it not to one of these, the least, neither did you* do it to me. 25:46 And these will go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into everlasting life.


[Matthew 26] TOC


    {Mk 14:1-2 & Mt 26:1-5 & Lk 22:1-2 mountain Olives, Bethany, Jerusalem, Tues. Evening, Wed. for the Jews.}

    26:1 And it happened, when Jesus had completed all these words, he said to his disciples, 26:2 You* know that after two days the Passover happens and the Son of Man is given up, *that* he might be crucified.

    26:3 Then the high-priests and the scribes and the elders of the people were gathered together to the courtyard of the high-priest, who was called* Caiaphas; 26:4 and they counseled together that* they might take-hold of Jesus with treachery, and might kill him. 26:5 But they were saying, Not at the feast, in order that an uproar among the people might not happen.


    {Mk 14:3-9 & Mt 26:6-13.}

    26:6 Now when* Jesus happened to be in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, 26:7 a woman came to him, having an alabaster flask of precious perfume, and she poured it upon his head when he was reclining at the table. 26:8 But when* his disciples saw it, they were indignant, saying, To what purpose is this waste? 26:9 For* this perfume might have been sold* for much and given to the poor.

    26:10 But Jesus knowing it, said to them, Why are you* harassing the woman? For* she has worked a good work *for me. 26:11 For* you* always have the poor with you*, but you* do not always have me. 26:12 For* in that she put this perfume upon my body, she did it for my burial. 26:13 Assuredly I say to you*, Wherever this good-news is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be spoken of *for a memorial of her.


    {Mk 14:10-11 & Mt 26:14-16 & Lk 22:3-6 & Jn 12:2-8.}

    26:14 Then one of the twelve, who was called* Judas Iscariot, traveled to the high-priests 26:15 and said, What are you* willing to give me and I will give him to you*? Now they weighed out thirty pieces of silver for him. 26:16 And he was seeking an opportunity from then onward that* he might give him to them.


    {Mk 14:12-17 & Mt 26:17-20 & Lk 22:7-18, 22:24-30 Bethany to Jerusalem Thurs. Evening.}

    26:17 Now on the first day of unleavened bread, the disciples came to Jesus, saying to him, Where do you wish that we prepare for you to eat the Passover?

    26:18 Now he said, Go into the city to a certain-person, and say to him, The Teacher says, My time is near. I will make* the Passover with you at your house with my disciples. 26:19 And the disciples did like Jesus commanded them, and they prepared the Passover.


    {Mk 14:18-21, 14:27-31 & Mt 26:21-25, 26:31-35 & Lk 22:21-23, 22:31-38 & Jn 13:21-38.}

    26:20 Now when* it became evening, he was reclining at the table with the twelve.

    26:21 And while* they are eating, he said, Assuredly I say to you*, that one out of you will give me up.

    26:22 And they were extremely sorrowful, and each of them began to say to him, It is not me Lord, is it?

    26:23 But answering, he said, He who dipped his hand with me in the dish, this one will give me up to the Jews. 26:24 The Son of Man indeed is going, just-as it has been written concerning him, but woe to that man through whom the Son of Man is given up! It was {i.e. would be} good for him if that man had not been born. {Ps 22:1-31?}

    26:25 Now Judas, (who is giving him up to the Jews), answering, said, It is not me Rabbi, is it?

    He says to him, You have said so.


    {Mk 14:22-25 & Mt 26:26-29 & Lk 22:19-20, 1Cor: 11:23-26.}

    26:26 Now while* they are eating, Jesus, having taken the bread, and having given-thanks broke it, and was giving it to the disciples and said, Take, eat; this is my body. 26:27 And having taken the cup and given-thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink from it, all of you*; 26:28 for* this is my blood of the new covenant*, which is poured out on behalf of many to obtain the forgiveness of sins. 26:29 But I am saying to you*, I may never* drink from this fruit of the vine from now on, until that day whenever I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.


    {Mk 14:26, 14:32-42 & Mt 26:30, 26:36-46 & Lk 22:39-46 & Jn 18:1 Garden between Stream of Kidron and Mountain of Olives, Late Thurs. night.}

    26:30 And having sung a hymn, they went out to the Mountain of Olives.


    {See Mt 26:31-35 above.}

    26:31 Then Jesus says to them, All of you* will be offended at me this night; for* it has been written, I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered. {Zech. 13:7} 26:32 But after I arise, I will precede you* into Galilee.

    26:33 But Peter answering, said to him, If all will be offended at you, I will never* be offended.

    26:34 Jesus said to him, Assuredly I say to you that this night, before the rooster crows, you will deny me three-times.

    26:35 Peter says to him, Should it also be essential for me to die together with you, I may never* deny you. All the disciples also said likewise.


    {See Mt 26:30 above.}

     26:36 Then Jesus comes to a parcel of ground with them, called* Gethsemane, and says to his disciples, Sit over there, until I go over there* and might pray. 26:37 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee and began to be sorrowful and disheartened. 26:38 Then he says to them, My soul is very sorrowful, even to death. Remain here and watch with me.

    26:39 And when* he went forward a little, he fell upon his face and prayed, saying, My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass away from me; however, not as I will, but as you will.

    26:40 And he comes to the disciples and finds them sleeping and says to Peter, What, were you* not strong-enough to watch with me one hour? 26:41 Watch and pray, that* you* may not enter into temptation. The spirit is indeed eager, but the flesh is weak.

    26:42 Having gone away again a second-time, he prayed, saying, My Father, if this cup is not able to pass from me, if I do not drink it– let your will happen.

    26:43 And he came again and finds them sleeping, for* their eyes were heavy. 26:44 And he left them again and went away and prayed a third-time, saying again the same words.

    26:45 Then he comes to his disciples and says to them, Furthermore, are you* sleeping and resting yourselves? Behold, the hour has drawn near, and the Son of Man is given up into the hands of sinners. 26:46 Arise, we should be going. Behold, he who is giving me up to the Jews has drawn near.

    {Mk 14:43-52 & Mt 26:47-56 & Lk 22:47-53 & Jn 18:2-11 Gethsemane, Friday a few hours before dawn.}

    26:47 And while* he is still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, came and with him a large crowd with swords and clubs, from the high-priest and elders of the people. 26:48 Now he who is giving him up, gave them a sign, saying, Whomever I kiss; that is him; take-hold of him. 26:49 And immediately he came to Jesus and said, Hail, Rabbi. And he kissed him.

    26:50 But Jesus said to him, Comrade, *for what purpose are you here? Then they came and put hands upon Jesus and took-hold of him. 26:51 And behold, one of those who was with Jesus stretched out his hand and pulled his sword, and struck the bondservant of the high-priest, and took off his ear.

    26:52 Then Jesus says to him, Return your sword into its place; for* all those who take up the sword will perish with* the sword. 26:53 Or do you think that I am not able now to plead with my Father and he will not stand beside me with more than twelve legions of messengers? 26:54 Then* how might the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it is essential to happen as thus?

    26:55 Jesus said to the crowds in that hour, Why have you* come out with swords and clubs, like against a robber, to take me? I was sitting daily with you* in the temple, teaching, and you* did not take-hold of me. 26:56 But this whole thing has happened, in order that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples left him and fled.


    {Mk 14:53 & Mt 26:57 & Lk 22:54a & Jn 18:24 Palace of Caiaphas, before dawn.}

    26:57 Now those who had taken-hold of Jesus led him away to the house of Caiaphas the high-priest, where the scribes and the elders were gathered together.


    {Mk 14:54 & Mt 26:58 & Lk 22:54b-62 & Jn 18:15-18 Courtyard of High Priest’s residence, Friday around dawn.}

    26:58 But Peter was following him from afar to the courtyard of the high-priest, and entered inside, and was sitting with the attendants, to see the end.


    {Mk 14:55-65 & Mt 26:59-68 & Lk 22:63-65.}

    26:59 Now the high-priests and the elders and the whole council were seeking false testimony against Jesus, how they might slay him; 26:60 and they did not find any, even though many false witnesses came. Still, they did not find any. 26:61 But later, two false witnesses came and were saying, This one said, I am able to tear-down the temple of God and to build it again in three days.

    26:62 And the high-priest, having stood up, said to him, Are you answering nothing? What are these witnesses testifying against you? 26:63 But Jesus was silent. And the high-priest answering, said to him, I implore you by oath to the living God, that* you should tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God?

    26:64 Jesus said to him, You have said so, but I am saying to you*, From now on you* will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of power, and coming upon the clouds of heaven.

    26:65 Then the high-priest ripped his garments, saying, He has blasphemed. Why do we still have need of witnesses? Behold, now you* have heard his blasphemy. 26:66 What are you* thinking?

    They answered and said, He is liable for death. 26:67 Then they spat at his face and battered him, and some slapped him, 26:68 saying, Prophesy to us, you Christ. Who is he who struck you?


    {Mk 14:66-72 & Mt 26:69-75 & Lk 22:55-62 & Jn 18:25-27.}

    26:69 Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard, and a maidservant came to him, saying, You were also with Jesus the Galilean.

    26:70 But he denied it before them all, saying, I do not know what you are saying.

    26:71 Now having gone out into the gate area, another one saw him, and says to those who were there, This one was also with Jesus the Nazarene.

    26:72 And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man.

    26:73 Now after a little while, those who are standing by, came and said to Peter, You truly also are one out of them; for* even your speech makes* it evident.

    26:74 Then he began to curse and to swear, I do not know the man. Now immediately, the rooster crowed. 26:75 And Peter remembered the declaration which Jesus had said to him, Before the rooster crows, you will deny me three-times. And he went outside and wept bitterly.


[Matthew 27] TOC


    {Mk 15:1 & Mt 27:1-2 Lk 22:66-23:1 Jn 18:28a Jerusalem early Friday morning.}

    27:1 Now when* it became morning, all the high-priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus so-that they might slay him; 27:2 and they bound him and led him away and gave him to Pontius Pilate the governor.


    {Mt 27:3-10 & Acts 1:18-19 Friday morning and toward the future.}

    27:3 Then Judas, (the one giving him up), when* he saw that he was condemned, regretted and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the high-priests and the elders, 27:4 saying, I have sinned, giving up innocent blood.

    But they said, What is that to us? You will see to it. 27:5 And tossing the pieces of silver in the temple, he departed. And having gone away, he hanged himself.

    27:6 Now the high-priests took the pieces of silver and said, It is not legal to put them into the depository, since it is the price of blood. 27:7 Now they took counsel and bought from them the potter’s field, *for the burial of strangers. 27:8 Hence that field was called, The Field of Blood, to this day. 27:9 Then what was spoken through the prophet was fulfilled, saying, ‘And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him who has been priced, whom some of the sons of Israel priced for themselves; 27:10 and they gave them *for the potter’s field, just-as the Lord commanded me.’ {Jer. 32:6-9}


    {Mk 15:2-5 & Mt 27:11-14 & Lk 23:2-5 & Jn 18:28b-38 Jerusalem early Friday morning.}

    27:11 Now Jesus stood before the governor and the governor asked him, saying, Are you the King of the Jews?

    Now Jesus said to him, You speak it correctly. 27:12 And while* he was accused by the high-priests and the elders, he answered nothing.

    27:13 Then Pilate says to him, Do you not hear how many things they are testifying against you? 27:14 And he did not answer him, not even one word; so-that the governor marveled exceedingly.


    {Mk 15:6-19 & Mt 27:15-30 & Jn 18:39-19:16 Friday, April 7, 30AD.}

    27:15 Now the governor had been accustomed at the feast to release one prisoner to the crowd, whom they willed. 27:16 Now then they were holding a notable prisoner called Barabbas. 27:17 Therefore, having been gathered together, Pilate said to them, Whom do you* wish that I may release to you*? Barabbas or Jesus who is called* Christ? 27:18 For* he knew that they had given him up because of envy.

    27:19 Now while sitting upon the judicial-seat, his wife sent to him, saying, Have nothing between you and that righteous man; for* I have suffered many things today in a dream because of him.

    27:20 Now the high-priests and the elders persuaded the crowds that* they should ask for Barabbas and might destroy Jesus. 27:21 But the governor answering, said to them, Whom from the two do you* will that I may release to you*?

    But they said, Barabbas!

    27:22 Pilate says to them, Then* what should I do to Jesus who is called* Christ?

    They all say to him, Let him be crucified!

    27:23 But the governor said, For* what evil has he done?

    But they were crying out even-more, saying, Let him be crucified!

    27:24 Pilate seeing he profited nothing, but rather that an uproar is happening, took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this righteous man; you* see to it.

    27:25 And all the people answering, said, His blood be upon us and upon our children.

    27:26 Then he released to them Barabbas, but he scourged Jesus and gave him up in order that he should be crucified.


    27:27 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the palace and gathered together the whole cohort {600 soldiers} to him. 27:28 And they stripped him and placed a scarlet cloak around him. 27:29 And they braided a crown from thorns and placed it upon his head and a reed upon his right hand, and they knelt down before him and were mocking him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! 27:30 And having spit at him, they took the reed and were beating him in the head.

    {Mk 15:20-23 & Mt 27:31-34 & Lk 23:26-33 & Jn 19:17 Road to the Cross, Friday morning.}

    27:31 And when they had mocked him, they stripped the cloak off him and clothed him with his own garments and led him away, *that* they may crucify him.


    27:32 Now while going out, they found a man from Cyrene, Simon by name. They compelled him to go with them, that* he might lift up his cross.


    27:33 And they came to a place called* Golgotha, which is to say, the place of a skull, 27:34 they gave him vinegar to drink, having been mixed with gall and having tasted it, he was not willing to drink it.


    {Mk 15:24-32 & Mt 27:35-44 & Lk 23:33-43 & Jn 19:18-27 9:00 until Noon, Friday.}

    27:35 Now having crucified him, ‘they divided his garments among them, casting a lot'; {T} in order that the Scripture might be fulfilled, which says, ‘They divided my garments among them and they cast a lot for my garment.’ {Ps. 22. 18} 27:36 And sitting down, they were guarding him there. 27:37 And they placed above his head an accusation that had been written, This Is Jesus the King of the Jews. 27:38 Then two robbers are crucified together with him, one at the right and one at the left. 27:39 Now those who traveled by were blaspheming him, wagging their heads, 27:40 and saying, You who said he will tear-down the temple and build it in three days, save yourself. If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross.

    27:41 Now likewise, also the high-priests with the scribes and elders, mocking him, and were saying, 27:42 He saved others, but yet he is not able to save himself. If he is the King of Israel; let him now come down from the cross and we will believe in him. 27:43 He has confidence in God. Let him rescue him now, if he is willing to save him; for* he said, I am the Son of God. 27:44 Now the robbers who were also crucified together with him were reproaching him with the same thing.


    {Mk 15:34 & Mt 27:45 & Lk 23:44 around Noon.}

    27:45 Now there became darkness upon all the earth from the sixth hour until the ninth hour {i.e. Noon until 3:00 PM}.


    {Mk 15:34-41 & Mt 27:46-56 & Lk 23:45-49 & Jn 19:28-30 around 5:00 PM.}

    27:46 Now around the ninth hour {i.e. 3:00 PM} Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? That is, ‘My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?’ {Ps. 22:1}

    27:47 But some of them standing there, when* they heard it, were saying, This one is summoning Elijah. 27:48 And immediately one out of them ran, taking a sponge and filled it with vinegar and placed it around a reed and were giving it to him to drink.

    27:49 But the rest were saying, Allow it, that we may see if Elijah comes; he will save him.

    27:50 Now Jesus, having cried again with a loud voice, his spirit leaves. 27:51 And behold, the curtain of the temple was split-apart into two pieces, from the top to the bottom, and the earth shook, and the rocks were split-apart; 27:52 and the tombs were opened, and many bodies of the holy-ones who had fallen-asleep were raised. 27:53 And coming forth out of the tombs after his awakening they entered into the holy city and appeared to many. 27:54 Now the centurion and those guarding Jesus with him, having seen the earthquake and the things that happened, were extremely afraid, saying, This truly was the Son of God. 27:55 Now many women were there viewing from afar, who had followed Jesus from Galilee, serving him: 27:56 among whom was Mary the Magdalene and Mary the mother of James and Joses and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.


    {Mk 15:42-47 & Mt 27:57-66 & Lk 23:50-56 & Jn 19:31-42 Before The Sabbath.}

    27:57 Now when* it became evening, a rich man came from Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also made himself a disciple to Jesus. 27:58 This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be given up. 27:59 And Joseph took the body and entwined it in a clean linen cloth, 27:60 and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewed out in the rock and he rolled a great stone against the door of the tomb and went away. 27:61 Now Mary the Magdalene and the other Mary were there, sitting in front of the burial chamber.


    27:62 Now on the next-day, which is the day after the Preparation, the high-priests and the Pharisees were gathered together to Pilate, 27:63 saying, Lord, we remember what that misleader said, while still living, I will arise after three days. 27:64 Therefore, command that the burial chamber be made secure until the third day, lest his disciples coming by night, might steal him away and might say to the people, He was raised from the dead and the last deceit will be worse than the first.

    27:65 Pilate said to them, You* have a sentry. Go, make it as secure as you* know how. 27:66 So they traveled and secured the burial chamber, sealing the stone, with the sentry.


[Matthew 28] TOC


    {Mk 16:1-8 & Mt 28:1-8 & Lk 24:1-8, 12 & Jn 20:1-10 Dawn and very early Sunday.}

    28:1 Now after the Sabbath day, as it was dawning toward the first daylight of the week, Mary the Magdalene came and the other Mary to view the burial chamber. 28:2 And behold, there became a great earthquake; for* a messenger of the Lord, having come down from heaven, came and rolled away the stone from the door and was sitting upon it. 28:3 His form was like lightning and his clothing was white like snow; 28:4 and those who are guarding the door, shook out of fear of him and became like dead men.

    28:5 Now the messenger answering, said to the women, Do not be afraid; for* I know that you* are seeking Jesus, who has been crucified. 28:6 He is not here; for* he was raised, just-as he said. Come-here, behold the place where the Lord was laying. 28:7 And travel quickly and tell his disciples, He was raised from the dead, and behold, he precedes you* into Galilee; you* will see him there. Behold, I have said this to you*.

    28:8 And having gone out quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, they ran to report to his disciples.

    {Mk 16:9-11 & Mt 28:9-10 & Lk 24:9-11 & Jn 20:11-18.}

    28:9 Now as they were traveling to also report it to his disciples, behold, Jesus encountered them, saying, Hail! But they came and took-hold of his feet and worshiped him. 28:10 Then Jesus says to them, Do not be afraid. Go; report to my brethren in order that they might go into Galilee and they will see me there.


    {Mt 28:11-15 Sunday Morning; no parallel.}

    28:11 Now while traveling, behold, some of the sentries came into the city and reported to the high-priests all the things that had happened. 28:12 And having been gathered together with the elders and having taken counsel, they gave a considerable amount of silver to the soldiers, 28:13 saying, Say: when* we fell-asleep, his disciples came by night and stole him away. 28:14 And if this is heard by the governor, we will persuade him and will make* you* carefree. 28:15 So they took the silver and did like they were taught and this speech was broadcasted among the Jews and is continuing till this day.


    {Mt 28:16-17 & 1Cor: 15:6 Mountain in Galilee.}

    28:16 But the eleven disciples traveled into Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had commanded them. 28:17 And seeing him, they worshiped him, but some were skeptical.


    {Mk 16:15-18 & Mt 28:18-20 & Lk 24:46-47 Mountain in Galilee; The Great Commission.}

    28:18 And Jesus came to them and spoke to them, saying, All authority has been given to me in heaven and upon earth.

    28:19 When you* travel, make disciples of all the nations, immersing* them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 28:20 teaching them to observe all things, as many things as I have commanded you*, and behold, I am with you* all the days until the end of the world.

    Amen.





[Mark 1] TOC


    {Harmony of the New Covenant}

    {Lk 1:1-4 Introduction.} {Jn 1:1-18 Jesus’ Deity.}

    {Mt 1:1-17 & Lk 3:23-28 Genealogy.}

    {Lk 1:5-25 Jerusalem 6 BC.} {Lk 1:26-38 Nazareth 5 BC.}

    {Lk 1:39-80 Hill region of Judea, 5 BC.} {Mt 1:18-25 Nazareth 5 BC.} {Lk 2:1-20 Bethlehem 5 BC.}

    {Lk 2:21-39a Temple at Jerusalem 4 BC.} {Mt 2:1-12 Jerusalem & Bethlehem 4 BC.} {Mt 2:13-18 Leaving for Egypt 4 BC.} {Mt 2:19-23 & Lk 2:39b Egypt & Nazareth 4 BC.}

    {Lk 2:40-52 Nazareth and Jerusalem 7 or 8 AD.}

    {Mk 1:1-8 & Mt 3:1-12 & Lk 3:1-18. Judea near Jordan River 25 or 26 AD.}

    1:1 The beginning of the good-news of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. 1:2 As it has been written in the prophets, ‘Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way.’ {Mal 3:1} 1:3 The voice of one crying in the wilderness, prepare the way of the Lord; make* his paths straight. {Is. 40:3} 1:4 John came*, immersing* in the wilderness and preaching the immersion* of repentance *for the forgiveness of sins. 1:5 And all the region of Judea and all those from Jerusalem were traveling out to him, and all were being immersed* by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. 1:6 Now John was eating locusts and wild honey, having clothed himself with camel’s hair, and a leather belt around his loin.


    1:7 And he preached, saying, There is one coming after me, he who is mightier than I. I am not sufficient to stoop and loose the strap of his shoes. 1:8 I indeed immersed* you* in water, but he will immerse* you* in the Holy Spirit.


    {Mk 1:9-11 & Mt 3:13-17 Lk 3:21-22 Jordan east of Jericho, Spring 27 AD.}

    1:9 And it happened in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was immersed* by John in the Jordan. 1:10 And immediately coming up from the water, he saw the heavens being split-apart, and the Spirit like a dove coming down upon him. 1:11 And a voice came* out of the heavens, You are my beloved Son, in whom I am delighted.


    {Mk 1:12-13 & Mt 4:1-11 & Lk 4:1-13.}

    1:12 And immediately the Spirit cast him out into the wilderness. 1:13 And he was there in the wilderness for forty days, being tempted by the Adversary, and he was with the beasts, and the messengers were serving him.


    {Jn 1:19-34 Bethany beyond Jordan, Feb. 27 AD.} {Jn 1:35-51 Bethany beyond Jordan, Spring 27 AD.} {Jn 2:1-11 Cana in Galilee.} {Jn 2:12 Capernaum.} {Jn 2:13-25 Jerusalem April 9, 27 AD.} {Jn 3:1-21.} {Jn 3:22-36 Judea and Aenon.}


    {Mk 1:14a & Mt 4:12 & Lk 3:19-20 & Jn 4:1-4 Judea to Galilee.}{Jn 4:5-43 Jacob’s Well and at Sychar.} {Lk 4:14a & Jn 4:44-45 Arrival in Galilee.}

    1:14 Now after John was given up,

    {Mk 1:14b-15 & Mt 4:17 & Lk 4:14b-15.}

    Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the good-news of the kingdom of God, 1:15 and saying, The time has been fulfilled and the kingdom of God has drawn near. Repent and believe in the good-news.


    {Jn 4:46-54 Cana.} {Lk 4:16-31.} {Mt 4:13-16 Capernaum.}

    {Mk 1:16-20 & Mt 4:18-22 & Lk 5:1-11 Sea of Galilee near Capernaum.}

    1:16 Now walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother, who are Simon’s sons, casting a net in the sea; for* they were fishermen. 1:17 And Jesus said to them, Come-here after me and I will make* you* to become fishermen of men. 1:18 And immediately they left their nets and followed him. 1:19 And advancing a few feet from there, he saw James and John his brother, the sons of Zebedee, and they were in the ship mending the nets. 1:20 And immediately he called them. And they left their father Zebedee with the hired servants in the ship and went after him.


    {Mk 1:21-28 & Lk 4:31-37 Capernaum.}

    1:21 And they travel into Capernaum, and immediately on the Sabbath day he entered into the synagogue and was teaching. 1:22 And they were being astounded at his teaching; for* he was teaching them like one having authority and not like the scribes.

    1:23 And a man was in their synagogue with* an unclean spirit, and he cried out, 1:24 saying, Ah! What is it to us and to you, Jesus the Nazarene? Have you come to destroy us? I know you, I know who you are, the Holy One of God.

    1:25 And Jesus rebuked it, saying, Hush and come out of him.

    1:26 And the unclean spirit came out of him, convulsing him and crying with a loud voice. 1:27 And they were all amazed, so-that they debated together with themselves, saying, What is this? What new teaching is this that he commands even the unclean spirits with authority, and they are obeying* him.

    1:28 Now the report of him went out immediately, into the whole region around Galilee.


    {Mk 1:29-34 & Mt 8:14-17 & Lk 4:38-41 Capernaum.}

    1:29 And immediately, having come out of the synagogue, they came into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. 1:30 Now Simon’s mother-in-law was laying, fevered, and immediately they talk to him concerning her. 1:31 And having come near, he took-hold of her by the hand and lifted her up, and immediately the fever left her and she was serving them.


    1:32 Now when* it became evening, when the sun set, they were bringing to him all who were ill and those who were demon-possessed. 1:33 And the whole city was gathered together at the door. 1:34 And he healed many who were ill with various diseases, and cast out many demons, and he was not allowing the demons to speak, because they knew him.


    {Mk 1:35-39 & Mt 4:23-25 & Lk 4:42-44 Preaching through Galilee.}

    1:35 And exceedingly early, having risen* up in the morning, while yet at night, he came out and went away into a desolate place, and he was praying there. 1:36 And Simon, and those who were with him, pursued him; 1:37 and having found him, they say to him, All are seeking you.


    1:38 And he says to them, We should be going into the next towns, that* I might also preach there; for* I have come *for this purpose. 1:39 And he was preaching and casting out demons in their synagogues in the whole of Galilee.


    {Mk 1:40-45 & Mt 8:2-4 & Lk 5:12-16.}

    1:40 And a leper comes to him, pleading to him, and kneeling down to him and saying to him, If you are willing, you are able to cleanse me.

    1:41 Now Jesus, having compassion on him, stretched out his hand, touched him and says to him, I am willing. Be cleansed. 1:42 And having spoken, the leprosy immediately went away from him and he was cleansed. 1:43 And he scolded him and immediately sent him out, 1:44 and says to him, See that you say nothing to anyone, but go; show yourself to the priest, and offer the things which Moses commanded concerning your cleansing *for a testimony to them. {Lev. 13:49, 14:2-4} 1:45 But he went out and began to preach it much, and to broadcast the word, so-that he {i.e. Jesus} was no longer able to openly enter into the city, but was outside in desolate places, and they were coming to him from everywhere.


[Mark 2] TOC


    {Mk 2:1-12 & Mt 9:2-8 & Lk 5:17-26.}

    2:1 And again he entered into Capernaum after a few days, and it was heard that he was at a house. 2:2 And immediately many were gathered together, so-that it was no longer possible to make room, not even at the door, and he was speaking the word to them.

    2:3 And they come, carrying to him a paralytic, lifted up by four men. 2:4 And when* they were not able to draw near to him because of the crowd, they unroofed the roof where he was. And having dug out a hole in it, they lowered the pallet upon which the paralytic was laying. 2:5 Now seeing their faith, Jesus says to the paralytic, Son, your sins have been forgiven you.

    2:6 But some of the scribes were sitting there and reasoning in their hearts, 2:7 Why is this man speaking blasphemies so? Who is able to forgive sins except one, our God?

    2:8 And immediately Jesus, fully knowing in his spirit that they reason so in themselves, said to them, Why are you* reasoning these things in your* hearts? 2:9 Which is easier to say to the paralytic, Your sins have been forgiven you; or to say, Arise, and lift up your pallet and walk? 2:10 But that* you* may know that the Son of Man has authority upon the earth to forgive sins (he says to the paralytic), 2:11 I say to you, Arise and lift up your pallet and go to your house.

    2:12 And he immediately arose, and having lifted up the pallet, went out in front of them all; so-that they were all astonished and glorified God, saying, We never* saw this happen so.


    {Mk 2:13-14 & Mt 9:9 & Lk 5:27-28 At or near Capernaum.}

    2:13 And he went forth again by the sea, and all the crowd was coming to him and he was teaching them. 2:14 And passing by, he saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax-office, and he says to him, Follow me. And he stood up and followed him.


    {Mk 2:15-22 & Mt 9:10-17 & Lk 5:29-39 Capernaum.}

    2:15 And it happened, while* he reclined at a meal in his house, many tax collectors and sinners were also reclining together with Jesus and his disciples; for* there were many, and they were following him. 2:16 And the scribes and the Pharisees, having seen him eating with the tax collectors and sinners, were saying to his disciples, Why is it that he is eating and drinking with tax collectors and sinners?

    2:17 And when* Jesus heard it, he says to them, Those who are strong have no need of a physician, but those who are ill. I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.


    2:18 And the disciples of John, and those of the Pharisees, were fasting, and they come and say to him, Why do the disciples of John and those of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast?

    2:19 And Jesus said to them, The sons of the bridal-party {companions or guests} are not able to fast at which time the bridegroom is with them, are they? Inasmuch time as they have the bridegroom with them, they are not able to fast. 2:20 But the days will come, whenever the bridegroom is taken away from them and then they will fast in those days. 2:21 And no one sews a patch of unshrunk fabric upon an old garment; otherwise its fullness shrinks and lifts the new patch away from the old one and a worse split happens. 2:22 And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; otherwise the wine will burst the wineskins, and the wine is poured out and the wineskins will be destroyed, but put new wine into new wineskins.


    {Jn 5:1-47 Jerusalem probably the Passover.} {Mk 2:23-28 & Mt 12:1-8 & Lk 6:1-5 Jerusalem to Galilee.}

    2:23 And it happened, that he was traveling on the Sabbath day through the grainfields, and his disciples began to make* their way plucking the tops. 2:24 And the Pharisees were saying to him, Behold, why are they doing what is not legal on the Sabbath day?

    2:25 And he said to them, Have you* never* read what David did, when he had need and was hungry? He, and those who were with him? 2:26 How he entered into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high-priest and ate the showbread, which is not legal to eat, except for the priests, and he also gave it to those who were together with him? {1Sam. 21:6} 2:27 And he said to them, The Sabbath came* to be because of man and not man because of the Sabbath; 2:28 so-then, the Son of Man is lord even of the Sabbath.


[Mark 3] TOC


    {Mk 3:1-6 & Mt 12:9-14 & Lk 6:6-11 Probably Galilee.}

    3:1 And he entered again into the synagogue, and a man having a dried up hand was there. 3:2 And they were observing him, if he will heal him on the Sabbath day; in order that they may accuse him. 3:3 And he says to the man having the dried up hand, You in the middle, arise. 3:4 Now he says to them, Is it legal on the Sabbath day to do good or to do evil? To save a life or to kill? But they were silent. 3:5 And looking around at them with anger, being sorrowful at the hardening of their heart, he says to the man, Stretch out your hand. And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored as healthy as the other. 3:6 And the Pharisees went out and immediately was making* counsel against him with the Herodians, how they might destroy him.


    {Mk 3:7-12 & Mt 12:15-21 Sea of Galilee.}

    3:7 And Jesus departed to the sea with his disciples, and a large multitude followed him from Galilee and from Judea, 3:8 and from Jerusalem and from Idumaea, and beyond-that of the Jordan, and those around Tyre and Sidon. This large multitude, having heard how-much he was doing, came to him. 3:9 And he spoke to his disciples, that* a small-boat should wait-on him because of the crowd, that* they might not press against him; 3:10 for* he healed many; so-that as many as had disorders fell upon him, in order that they might touch him. 3:11 And the unclean spirits, whenever they were viewing him, were falling down before him and cried, saying, You are the Son of God. 3:12 And he was rebuking them much, that* they might not make* him apparent.


    {Mk 3:13-19a & Lk 6:12-16 Near Capernaum.}

    3:13 And he goes up into the mountain and calls to him whom he wished, and they went to him. 3:14 And he made* the appointment of the twelve, that* they might be with him and that* he might send them forth to preach, 3:15 and to have authority to heal diseases and to cast out demons. 3:16 And to Simon he added the name Peter; 3:17 and James the son of Zebedee and John the brother of James, and those, he added to them the names Boanerges, which is, Sons of Thunder; 3:18 and Andrew and Philip and Bartholomew and Matthew and Thomas and James the son of Alphaeus and Thaddaeus and Simon the Canaanite, 3:19 and Judas Iscariot, who also gave him up to the Jews.


    {Mt 5:1 & Lk 6:17-20.} {Mt 5:2-12 & Lk 6:20-26.} {Mt 5:13-16.} {Mt 5:17-48 & Lk 6:27-36.} {Mt 6:1-34.} {Mt 7:1-6 & Lk 6:37-42.} {Mt 7:7-11.} {Mt 7:12 & Lk 6:31.} {Mt 7:13-23 & Lk 6:43-45.} {Mt 7:24-29 & Lk 6:46-49.} {Mt 8:1, 8:5-13 & Lk 7:1-10 Capernaum.} {Lk 7:11-17 At Nain in Galilee.} {Mt 11:2-30 & Lk 7:18-35 Galilee.} {Lk 7:36-50 Galilee.} {Lk 8:1-3 Journeying in Galilee.}


    {Mk 3:19b-30 & Mt 12:22-37.}

    And they come into a house. 3:20 And a crowd comes together again, so-that they were not even able to eat bread. 3:21 And when* those close beside him heard it, they went out to take-hold of him; for* they were saying, He is crazy.

    3:22 And the scribes that came down from Jerusalem were saying, He has Beelzebub, and, He is casting out the demons by the ruler of the demons.

    3:23 And having called them, he was speaking to them in parables: How is the Adversary able to cast out the Adversary? 3:24 And if a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom is not able to stand. 3:25 And if a house is divided against itself, that house is not able to stand. 3:26 And if the Adversary has stood up against himself, and has been divided, he is not able to stand, but has come to an end. 3:27 But no one having entered into the house of the strong man is able to plunder his goods, if he does not first bind the strong man, and then he may plunder his house. 3:28 Assuredly I say to you*, All their sins and blasphemes will be forgiven to the sons of men; as many things as they may blaspheme. 3:29 But whoever blasphemies at the Holy Spirit does not have forgiveness, forever, but is liable to an everlasting judgment. 3:30 (Because they were saying, ‘He has an unclean spirit.’)


    {Mt 12:38-45.}

    {Mk 3:31-35 & Mt 12:46-50 & Lk 8:19-21.}

    3:31 Then* his brethren and his mother come, and standing outside, they sent to him, summoning him. 3:32 And a crowd was sitting around him, and they said to him, Behold, your mother and your brothers and your sisters are outside seeking you.

    3:33 And he answered them, saying, Who is my mother or my brethren? 3:34 And having looked around in a circle at those who sat around him, he says, Behold, my mother and my brethren! 3:35 For* whoever does the will of God, this one is my brother and sister and mother.


[Mark 4] TOC


    {Mk 4:1-25 & Mt 13:1-23 & Lk 8:4-18 Sea of Galilee.}

    4:1 And again he began to teach by the sea. And a large crowd was gathered together to him, so-that having stepped onto the ship, he sat in the sea, and all the crowd were next to the sea upon the land.

    4:2 And he was teaching them many things in parables and said to them in his teaching, 4:3 Listen: behold, the sower went forth to sow, 4:4 and it happened, while* he was sowing, some seed fell by the road and the birds came and devoured it. 4:5 But other seed fell upon the rocky-area, where it did not have much earth, and immediately it rose up, because it had no depth of earth; 4:6 now when* the sun rose, it was burnt, and it dried up because it had no root. 4:7 And other seed fell among the thorns, and the thorns shot up and choked it, and it gave no fruit. 4:8 And other seed fell into the good soil and it was giving fruit, shooting up and growing, and it was bringing forth by thirty times, and by sixty times, and by a hundred times as much. 4:9 And he said, He who has ears to hear, let him hear.


    4:10 And when he happened to be alone, those who were around him together with the twelve, asked about the parable. 4:11 And he said to them, You* have been given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God, but to those who are outside, all things happen in parables; 4:12 that* seeing, they may see and yet may not know, and hearing, they may hear and yet may not understand; lest they should turn again and their sins might be forgiven them.

    4:13 And he says to them, Do you* not know this parable? And how will you* know all the parables? 4:14 The sower is sowing the word. 4:15 Now these are those by the road, where the word is sown, and whenever they hear, immediately the Adversary comes and takes away the word which has been sown in their hearts.

    4:16 And likewise, these are those who are sown upon the rocky-areas, who, whenever they hear the word, they immediately receive it with joy; 4:17 and they have no root in themselves, but is temporary. Thereafter, when* affliction or persecution has happened to them because of the word, immediately they stumble.

    4:18 And these are those who are sown among the thorns; these are those who hear the word, 4:19 and the anxieties of this world, and the deception of riches, and the lusts concerning all the rest of the worldly things travel into their hearts, are choking the word, and it becomes unfruitful.

    4:20 And these are those who were sown upon the good soil; who hear the word and accept it, and bear-fruit, one thirty times and one sixty times and one a hundred times.


    4:21 And he said to them, Do you come with a lamp that* it might be placed under a peck container or under the bed? No, you bring it that* it might be placed upon the lamp-stand. 4:22 For* there is not anything hidden, that it should not be made manifest, nor has anything secret happened, but that* it should come into apparent view. 4:23 If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear.

    4:24 And he said to them, Beware what you* are hearing; with* what measure you* measure, it will be measured to you*, and to you* who hear, more will be added. 4:25 For* whoever has, to him will be given, and he who does not have, then what he has will be taken from him.


    {Mk 4:26-29; no parallel.}

    4:26 And he said, So is the kingdom of God, as if a man cast seed upon the earth; 4:27 and he should sleep and should arise night and day, and the seed may sprout and should lengthen, he does not know how. 4:28 For* the earth is bearing-fruit by herself; first the blade, thereafter the top, then the full grain in the top. 4:29 But whenever the fruit is giving way, immediately he sends forth the sickle, because the harvest is standing ready.


    {Mt 13:24-30.}

    {Mk 4:30-34 & Mt 13:31-35.}

    4:30 And he said, To what may be similar to the kingdom of God? Or in what parable may we put it in comparison? 4:31 It is like a kernel of a mustard-seed, which, whenever it is sown upon the earth, though it is least compared to all the seeds that are upon the earth, 4:32 yet whenever it has been sown, it shoots up and becomes greater than all the herbs and produces great branches; so-that the birds of the heaven are able to nest under its shadow.


    4:33 And he was speaking the word to them with many such parables, as they were able to hear it. 4:34 But he was not speaking to them without a parable, but privately he was interpreting all things for his disciples.


    {Mt 13:36-53.}

    {Mk 4:35-41 & Mt:8:18-27 & Lk 8:22-25 Sea of Galilee.}

    4:35 And in that day, when* it became evening, he says to them, We should go over to the area beyond-that. 4:36 And having left the crowd, they take him with them, as he was in the ship. But also other small-boats were with him. 4:37 And there becomes a great gale of wind, and the waves were putting water into the ship, so-that the ship now is filling with water. 4:38 And he himself was upon the stern, sleeping upon the cushion, and they arouse him from his sleep and say to him, Teacher, do you not care that we are perishing?

    4:39 And he was aroused and rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, Be silent. Hush. And the wind paused and there became a great calm. 4:40 And he said to them, Why are you* so cowardly? How do you* not have faith?

    4:41 And they feared with a great fear, and were saying to one another, Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea are obeying* him?


[Mark 5] TOC


    {Mk 5:1-21 & Mt 8:28-34 & Lk 8:26-40 Gergesa.}

    5:1 And they came to the area of the sea beyond-that, into the region of the Gadarenes. 5:2 And having come out of the ship, immediately a man encountered him out of the tombs with* an unclean spirit, 5:3 who had his dwelling in the tombs, and no one was able to bind him, not even with chains. 5:4 Because of that, he had been bound often with shackles and chains, and the chains had been torn to shreds by him and the shackles had been crushed, and no one was strong-enough to tame him. 5:5 And he was always crying out and cutting himself with stones, night and day, in the mountains and in the tombs.


    5:6 Now when* he saw Jesus from afar, he ran and worshiped him; 5:7 and crying out with a loud voice, he said, What is this thing with me and with you, Jesus, Son of the Highest God? I am imploring you by God, do not torment me.

    5:8 For* he said to him, Come out of the man, you unclean spirit. 5:9 And he asked him, What is your name?

    And he answered, saying, My name is Legion, because we are many. 5:10 And he was pleading with him much that* he might not send them away outside the region. 5:11 Now a great herd of swine was feeding there before the mountain. 5:12 And all the demons pleaded with him, saying, Send us into the swine, that* we may enter into them. 5:13 And Jesus immediately permitted them. And the unclean spirits came out, and entered into the swine and the herd rushed down the cliff into the sea. Now they were approximately two thousand, and they were choking in the sea.

    5:14 Now those feeding the swine fled and reported it to the city and to the rural-area. And they came out to see what it was that has happened. 5:15 And they come to Jesus and view he who was demon-possessed, sitting and he had his garments on and was sensible, (he who had the legion), and they were afraid. 5:16 But those who saw it described to them how it happened to he who was demon-possessed and concerning the swine. 5:17 And they began to plead with him to go away from their borders.


    5:18 And when* he stepped into the ship, he who had been demon-possessed was pleading with him that* he might be with him. 5:19 But Jesus did not allow him, but says to him, Go to your house, to your own and report to them how-much the Lord has done for you and how he showed-mercy on you. 5:20 And he traveled and began to preach in Decapolis how-much Jesus had done for him and all were marveling.


    5:21 And when* Jesus had ferried over again in the ship to the area beyond-that, a large crowd was gathered to him, and he was by the sea.


    {Mk 5:22-43 & Mt 9:18-26 & Lk 8:41-56 Capernaum.}

    5:22 And behold one of the rulers of the synagogue, Jairus by name, comes and seeing him, he falls at his feet; 5:23 and was pleading with him much, saying, My young-daughter is in her last moments. I pray that* you come and might lay your hands on her, *that she may be cured and will live. 5:24 And he went with him.


    And a large crowd was following him and they were pressing against him. 5:25 And a certain woman, being with* a flowing of blood for twelve years, 5:26 and had suffered many things by many physicians and had spent all that she had and was profited nothing, but rather having come to be worse. 5:27 Having heard concerning Jesus, she came in the crowd behind and touched his garment. 5:28 For* she was saying, Even if I touch but his garments, I will be cured. 5:29 And immediately the spring of her blood was dried up, and she knew that she had been healed from the disorder in her body. 5:30 And immediately Jesus, fully knowing in himself that the power had gone forth from him and having turned around in the crowd, said, Who touched my garments?

    5:31 And his disciples were saying to him, You see the crowd pressing against you and you say, Who touched me? 5:32 And he was looking around to see her who had done this thing. 5:33 But the woman fearing and trembling, knowing what has happened upon her, came and fell down before him and spoke all the truth to him.

    5:34 And he said to her, Daughter, your faith has cured you; go in peace and be healthy from your disorder.


    5:35 While* he is still speaking, they come from the ruler of the synagogue’s house, saying, Your daughter is dead. Why are you still bothering the Teacher?

    5:36 But Jesus immediately hearing the word spoken, says to the ruler of the synagogue, Do not fear, only believe. 5:37 And he allowed no one to follow him, except Peter and James and John the brother of James. 5:38 And he comes to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and he views an uproar, many weeping and wailing. 5:39 And having entered in, he says to them, Why are you* in an uproar and weeping? The child is not dead, but is sleeping. 5:40 And they were laughing at him. But having cast them all out, he takes the father of the child and her mother and those with him and he went-onward into where the child was reclining. 5:41 And taking-hold of the child by the hand, he says to her, Talitha kumi; which is, after being translated, Girl, I say to you, Arise. 5:42 And immediately the girl rose* up and was walking; for* she was twelve years old. And they were astonished with a great astonishment. 5:43 And he ordered them much that* no one should know this and he said that something should be given to her to eat.


[Mark 6] TOC


    {Mt 9:27-34 Probably Capernaum.}

    {Mk 6:1-6a & Mt 13:54-58 Nazareth.}

    6:1 And he went out from there, and he came into his fatherland, and his disciples follow him. 6:2 And when* it became the Sabbath, he began to teach in the synagogue. And many hearing him were being astounded, saying, From where did this one receive these things? And what is the wisdom which has been given to this man? And how are such miracles happening through his hands? 6:3 Is this not the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Jude and Simon? And are not his sisters here with us? And they were being offended at him.

    6:4 But Jesus said to them, A prophet is not without honor, except in his fatherland and among his own relatives and in his own house. 6:5 And he was not able to do any miracle there, except that he laid his hands upon a few who were sick and healed them. 6:6 And he was marveling because of their unbelief.


    {Mk 6:6b-13 & Mt 9:35-10:42 & Lk 9:1-6 Third circuit of Galilee.}

    And he was going around the villages in a circle, teaching.

    6:7 And he calls to him the twelve and began to send them out two by two, and he was giving them authority over the unclean spirits; 6:8 and he commanded them that* they should take nothing *for the journey, except only a staff; no knapsack, no bread, no brass coins in the belt; 6:9 but only tied on sandals, also do not clothe yourselves with two tunics. 6:10 And he said to them, Wherever you* enter into a house, abide there until you* should go from there. 6:11 And as many as may not accept you*, nor may not hear you*, when* you* travel out from there, shake-off the dust which is underneath your* feet *for a testimony to them. Assuredly, I say to you*, It will be more tolerable for Sodom or Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city. 6:12 And they, the twelve, went out and were preaching that* they all should repent. 6:13 And they were casting out many demons and anointing many with oil who were sick and healing them.


    {Mk 6:14-29 & Mt 14:1-12 & Lk 9:7-9.}

    6:14 And King Herod heard of this; for* his name had become apparent and he said, John the Immerser* was raised from the dead and because of this, these powers are working in him.

    6:15 Others were saying, It is Elijah.

    But others were saying, It is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old.

    6:16 But when* he heard of it, Herod said, John, whom I beheaded, it is he, he was raised from the dead.


    6:17 For* Herod himself had sent forth and took-hold of John and bound him in prison because of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife, because he had married her. 6:18 For* John said to Herod, ‘It is not legal for you to have your brother’s wife.’ 6:19 But Herodias was holding it against him. And she was willing to kill him and was not able; 6:20 for* Herod feared John, knowing him to be a righteous and holy man, and was protecting him. And having heard him, he was doing many things, and was gladly hearing him, often.

    6:21 And when* it happened to be an opportune day, along with his birthday, when Herod, made* a supper to his great-men and the commanders, and the foremost men of Galilee; 6:22 and the daughter of Herodias herself came in and danced, and she pleased Herod and those who reclined at the meal together with him. And the king said to the girl, Ask me whatever you wish and I will give it to you. 6:23 And he swore to her, Whatever you might ask me, I will give it to you, up to half of my kingdom.

    6:24 Now she went out and said to her mother, What shall I ask for?

    Now she said, The head of John the Immerser*.

    6:25 And she came in promptly to the king and diligently asked, saying, I wish that* you might give me immediately the head of John the Immerser* upon a platter.

    6:26 And the king became very sorrowful, but because of his oaths and those who reclined at the meal together with him, he did not wish to reject her. 6:27 And immediately, the king sent forth an executioner and commanded his head to be brought. 6:28 Now he went and beheaded him in the prison, and brought his head upon a platter and gave it to the girl, and the girl gave it to her mother. 6:29 And when* his disciples heard of it, they came and lifted up his corpse and laid it in a tomb.


    {Mk 6:30-32 & Mt 14:13 & Lk 9:10 & Jn 6:1 East shore of Galilee.}

    6:30 And the apostles are gathered together with Jesus, and they reported to him all things, both how-much they had done and how-much they had taught. 6:31 And he said to them, You* yourselves come-here privately into a desolate place and rest yourselves a few. For* there were many coming and going and they had not even had an opportunity to eat. 6:32 And they went away into a desolate place by ship privately.


    {Mk 6:33-44 & Mt 14:13-21 & Lk 9:11-17 & Jn 6:2-14.}

    6:33 And the crowds saw them going and many recognized him and they ran together there on foot from all the cities and went before them, and came together to him. 6:34 And Jesus came forth, and saw a large crowd and he had compassion upon them, because they were like sheep not having a shepherd and he began to teach them many things.

    6:35 And since it was already becoming a late hour, his disciples came to him and say, The place is desolate and already it is a late hour; 6:36 dismiss them, that* they may go into the rural-area and surrounding villages, and may buy bread for themselves, for* they might not have anything to eat.

    6:37 But answering, he said to them, Give them something to eat.

    And they say to him, Should we go away and buy two hundred denarii worth of loaves, and might give them that to eat?

    6:38 Now he says to them, How many loaves do you* have? Go and see.

    And when* they knew, they said, Five and two fish. 6:39 And he commanded them all to recline by groups; all the groups upon the pale-green grass. 6:40 And they leaned-back in rows of a hundred apiece and rows of fifty apiece. 6:41 And he took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he gave-thanks and broke the loaves, and he was giving them to his disciples that* they might place the bread beside them, and he divided the two fish among them all. 6:42 And they all ate and were fed. 6:43 And they took up twelve baskets of broken pieces, and also pieces of the fish. 6:44 And those who were eating the loaves were approximately five thousand men.


    {Mk 6:45-56 & Mt 14:22-36 & Jn 6:15-21.}

    6:45 And immediately he urged his disciples to step onto the ship, and to precede him to the area beyond-that into Bethsaida, until he should dismiss the crowd. 6:46 And after he had bid farewell to them, he went away into the mountain to pray.

    6:47 And having become evening, the ship was in the middle of the sea and he was alone upon the land. 6:48 And he saw them tormented by the rowing, for* the wind was adverse to them, and he comes to them around the fourth watch of the night, walking upon the sea, and he was willing to have passed by them. 6:49 But when* they saw him walking upon the sea, they thought it to be an apparition and cried out; 6:50 for* they all saw him and were disturbed. But immediately, he spoke with them, and says to them, Have courage. I am here. Do not be afraid. 6:51 And he went up to them into the ship, and the wind paused, and they were exceedingly, exceptionally, astonished in themselves and marveled! 6:52 For* they did not understand what happened on the loaves, for* their heart was hardening. 6:53 And having ferried over, they came upon the land of Gennesaret and they were anchored there, 6:54 and coming out of the ship, immediately the people recognized him.


    6:55 Having ran around that whole region around there, they began to carry around those who were ill upon their pallets, where they were hearing: he is over there. 6:56 And wherever he was traveling, if into villages or cities or the rural-area, they were laying the sick in the marketplaces and was pleading with him, that* if-only they might touch the hem of his garment, and as many as would touch him were being cured.


    {Jn 6:22-71 Synagogue in Capernaum.}


[Mark 7] TOC


    {Mk 7:1-23 & Mt 15:1-20 & Jn 7:1 Galilee, probably Capernaum Spring 29 AD.}

    7:1 And the Pharisees and some of the scribes are gathered together to see him, having come from Jerusalem, 7:2 and having seen some of his disciples eating their bread with common, that is, unwashed hands, they found-fault. 7:3 For* the Pharisees and all the Jews, if they do not wash their hands scrubbing with the fist, do not eat, holding-fast the tradition of the elders; 7:4 and when coming from the marketplace, they do not eat if they do not immerse* {bathe} themselves first, and there are many other things which they took to holding-fast, like immersions* {Or, O.T. ceremonial washings} of cups and pint pitchers and brass kettles and cots. 7:5 Thereafter, the Pharisees and the scribes ask him, Why are your disciples not walking according to the tradition of the elders, but eat their bread with unwashed hands?

    7:6 But answering, he said to them, Isaiah did prophesy well concerning you* hypocrites, as it has been written, ‘This people are honoring me with their lips, but their heart is faraway from me. 7:7 But they are worshiping me in futility, teaching as their teachings– the commandments of men.’ {Is. 29:13} 7:8 For* while leaving the commandment of God, you* are holding-fast the tradition of men, like immersions* of pint pitchers and cups, and you* practice many other such similar things.

    7:9 And he said to them, You* reject well the commandment of God, that* you* may keep your* tradition. 7:10 For* Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother.’ {Ex. 20:12 & Deu. 5:16} And, ‘He who is speaking evil of father or mother, let him be ended by the sentence of death.’ {Ex. 21:17 & Lev. 20:9} 7:11 But you* say, If a man says to his father or his mother, Whatever you might have been profited from me is Corban. (That is, a gift). 7:12 And so you* no longer allow him to do anything for his father or his mother, 7:13 invalidating the word of God by your* tradition, which you* have been given, and you* practice many such similar things.

    7:14 And having called to him all the crowd again, he said to them, All of you* hear me and understand. 7:15 There is nothing outside the man, that traveling into him is able to desecrate him, but the things which go out from him, those are the things which defile the man. 7:16 If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear.


    7:17 And when he entered into the house away from the crowd, his disciples asked him concerning the parable. 7:18 And he says to them, So are you* also without understanding? Do you* not perceive, that whatever is outside, travels into the man, is unable to desecrate him; 7:19 because it does not go into his heart, but into his belly and travels into the sewer? (He said thus, cleansing all foods.) 7:20 Now he said, What goes-onward from the man, this desecrates the man. 7:21 For* evil reasonings travel from inside, out of the heart of men, such as: adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, 7:22 greedy-acts, wickednesses, treachery, unbridled-lusts, an evil eye, blasphemy, haughtiness, foolishness. 7:23 All these evil things travel from inside, and desecrate the man.


    {Mk 7:24 & Mt 15:21.}

    7:24 And rising* up from there, he went away into the borders of Tyre and Sidon. And he entered into a house and wished no one to know it, and he was not able to elude them.


    {Mk 7:25-30 & Mt 15:22-28 Tyre and Sidon.}

    7:25 For* a woman having heard concerning him, whose young-daughter had an unclean spirit, having come to him, fell down before his feet. 7:26 Now the woman was a Greek, a Syrophoenician by birth. And she requested of him that* he might cast forth the demon out of her daughter. 7:27 But Jesus said to her, Allow the children first to be fed; for* it is not good to take the children’s bread and cast it to the puppies.

    7:28 But she answered and said to him, Yes, Lord; for* even the puppies underneath the table eat of the children’s crumbs.

    7:29 And he said to her, Because of these words, go; the demon has come out of your daughter. 7:30 And she went away to her house and found the child put upon her cot, and the demon had come out.


    {Mk 7:31 & Mt 15:29 Avoiding Herod’s territory.}

    7:31 And again, having gone out from the borders of Tyre and Sidon, he came to the sea of Galilee, between the borders of Decapolis.


    {Mk 7:32-37 & Mt 15:30-31 Magadan and Bethsaida Summer 29 AD.}

    7:32 And they bring to him one who was a speaking impaired mute and they plead with him that* he might lay his hand upon him. 7:33 And having taken him away from the crowd privately, he put his fingers into his ears, and he spits, and touched his tongue; 7:34 and looking up to heaven, he groaned and says to him, Ephphatha. (That is, Be opened.) 7:35 And immediately his ears were opened, and the bond of his tongue was loosed, and he was speaking correctly. 7:36 And he ordered them that* they should tell no one, but as many things as he was ordering them not to tell, rather, they were preaching it even-more.

    7:37 And they were being abundantly astounded, saying, He has done all things well; he makes* even the deaf to hear, and the mute to speak.


[Mark 8] TOC


    {Mk 8:1-8:9 & Mt 15:32-38.}

    8:1 The crowd was enormous in those days, and they do not have anything to eat. Jesus having called to him his disciples, says to them, 8:2 I have compassion upon the crowd, because they already remain with me for three days and do not have anything in which they might eat. 8:3 And if I dismiss them starving to their house, they will faint on the road; for* some of them have come from far away.

    8:4 And his disciples answered him, From where shall anyone be able to feed these men bread here in the wilderness?

    8:5 And he asked them, How many loaves do you* have?

    Now they said, Seven.

    8:6 And he commanded the crowd to lean-back upon the soil and he took the seven loaves, and having given-thanks, he broke them and gave to his disciples, that* they might place beside them, and they placed them beside the crowd. 8:7 And they had a few small-fish, and having given-thanks, he said to his disciples to also place these beside them. 8:8 Now they ate and were fed, and they took up an abundance of broken pieces– seven baskets. 8:9 Now those who had eaten were approximately four thousand, and he dismissed them.


    {Mk 8:10-26 & Mt 15:39-16:12 Near Caesarea Philippi Summer 29 AD.}

    8:10 And immediately he stepped into the ship with his disciples and came into the parts of Dalmanutha.


    8:11 And the Pharisees came forth and began to debate together with him, seeking from him a sign from the heaven, testing him. 8:12 And he groaned deeply in his spirit and says, Why is this generation seeking a sign? Assuredly I say to you*, There will be no sign given to this generation. 8:13 And he left them, and again stepping onto a ship, went away to the area beyond-that.


    8:14 And they forgot to take bread, and they did not have any bread, except one loaf in the ship with them. 8:15 And he ordered them, saying, See that you* beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.

    8:16 And they were reasoning with one another, saying, It is because we have no bread.

    8:17 And Jesus knowing it, says to them, Why do you* reason, because you* have no bread? Do you* still not perceive, nor understand? Do you* still have your* heart hardened? 8:18 Having eyes, do you* not see? Having ears, do you* not hear? And do you* not remember? 8:19 When I broke the five loaves *for the five thousand, how many baskets full of broken pieces did you* lift up?

    They say to him, Twelve.

    8:20 Now when the seven to the four thousand, how many baskets full of broken pieces did you* lift up?

    Now they said, Seven.

    8:21 And he said to them, How do you* not yet understand?


    8:22 And he comes to Bethsaida. And they bring to him a blind man and plead with him that* he might touch him. 8:23 And grabbing the blind man by the hand, he led him outside the village, and having spit into his eyes and laid his hands upon him, he asked him if he sees anything.

    8:24 And he, having looked up, said, I see men, because I behold them like walking trees. 8:25 Thereafter he laid his hands upon his eyes again, and he made* him to look at him. And he was restored and saw all men distinctly.

    8:26 And he sent him away to his house, saying, Neither enter into the village, nor say anything to anyone in the village.


    {Mk 8:27-30 & Mt 16:13-20 & Lk 9:18-21 Caesarea Philippi.}

    8:27 And Jesus went forth and his disciples, into the villages of Caesarea Philippi, and on the road he asked his disciples, saying to them, Who do men say that I am?

    8:28 Now they answered, John the Immerser* and others, Elijah, but others, One of the prophets.

    8:29 And he asked them, But who do you* say that I am?

    Now Peter answering, says to him, You are the Christ. 8:30 And he rebuked them that* they should speak to no one concerning him.


    {Mk 8:31-9:1 & Mt 16:21-28 & Lk 9:22-27 Caesarea Philippi.}

    8:31 And he began to teach them, that it is essential for the Son of Man to suffer many things and to be rejected* by the elders and the high-priests and the scribes, and be killed, and to rise* up after three days. 8:32 And he was speaking the word frankly. And Peter took him and began to rebuke him. 8:33 But he turning again, and seeing his disciples, rebuked Peter, saying, Go behind me, adversary, because you are not mindful of the things of God, but the things of men.

    8:34 And he called the crowd together with his disciples to him, and said to them, Whoever wishes to follow after me, let him deny himself, and lift up his cross and follow me. 8:35 For* whoever wishes to save his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life because of me and because of the good-news, he will save it. 8:36 For* what will it profit a man, if he has gained the whole world and should forfeit his soul? 8:37 Or what shall a man give in exchange for his life? 8:38 For* whoever is ashamed of me and of my words in this generation, an adulteress and sinner, the Son of Man will also be ashamed of him, whenever he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy messengers. [Mark 9] TOC 9:1 And he said to them, Assuredly I say to you*, There are some of those standing here, who may never* taste of death, until they should see the kingdom of God having come in power.


    {Mk 9:2-13 & Mt 17:1-13 & Lk 9:28-36 Caesarea Philippi.}

    9:2 And after six days Jesus takes with him Peter and James and John and brings them up alone into a high mountain privately, and he was transfigured before them; 9:3 and his garments became gleaming, exceedingly white like snow, such-as no launderer upon the earth is able to whiten. 9:4 And Elijah, together with Moses, appeared to them, and they were speaking together with Jesus.

    9:5 And Peter answering, says to Jesus, Rabbi, it is good for us to be here, and we should make* three tabernacles; one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah. 9:6 For* he did not know what he would {Greek: will} say; for* they were fearful.

    9:7 And there became a cloud overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son; hear him! 9:8 And suddenly, having looked around, they saw no one anymore, but only Jesus with themselves.


    9:9 Now while coming down from the mountain, he ordered them that* they should describe to no one what they had seen, except whenever the Son of Man rises* up from the dead. 9:10 And they took-hold of the word for themselves, debating together with themselves, What is the rising* up from the dead? 9:11 And they asked him, saying, How is it that the scribes say that it is essential for Elijah to come first?

    9:12 But answering, he said to them, Elijah indeed comes first and restores all things, and how it has been written of the Son of Man, that* he may suffer many things and may be scorned? 9:13 But I am saying to you*, that Elijah has come, and they have also done to him as many things as they willed, just-as it has been written of him.


    {Mk 9:14-29 & Mt 17:14-21 & Lk 9:37-43 Region of Caesarea Philippi.}

    9:14 And when* he came back to the disciples, they saw a large crowd around them and scribes debating together with them. 9:15 And immediately all the crowd, having seen him, were utterly amazed, and running up to him, they were greeting him. 9:16 And he asked them, What are you* debating together with them?

    9:17 And one out of the crowd answering, said, Teacher, I brought my son to you, who has a mute spirit; 9:18 and wherever it overtakes him, it rips at him and he foams and grinds his teeth and he is dried up, and I spoke to your disciples that* they might cast it out, and yet they were not strong-enough.

    9:19 But answering him, he says, O unbelieving generation, until when shall I be with you*? Until when shall I tolerate you*? Bring him to me. 9:20 And they brought him to him, and when* he saw him, immediately the spirit convulsed him, and he fell upon the earth. He was wallowing– foaming. 9:21 Now he asked his father, How much time has things like this happened to him?

    And he said, From childhood. 9:22 And often it has cast him both into fire and into waters, that* it might destroy him, but if you are able to do anything, help us and have compassion upon us.

    9:23 Now Jesus said to him, If you are able to believe. All things are possible to him who believes.

    9:24 And immediately the father of the child cried out with tears and said, I believe; Lord, help my unbelief.

    9:25 Now when* Jesus saw that a crowd was running together, he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to him, I command you, mute and deaf spirit, come out of him and enter into him no longer.

    9:26 And having cried out and convulsed him much, it came out, and the boy became like one dead; so-that many said, He is dead.

    9:27 But having taken-hold of him by the hand, Jesus lifted him up, and he stood up. 9:28 And having entered into the house, his disciples asked him privately, How is it that we were not able to cast it out?

    9:29 And he said to them, This variety is not able to come out by anything, except in prayer and fasting.


    {Mk 9:30-32 & Mt 17:22-23 & Lk 9:43-45 Return to Galilee.}

    9:30 And they went forth from there, and were traveling through Galilee, and he did not wish that* anyone should know it. 9:31 For* he was teaching his disciples and was saying to them, The Son of Man is to be given up into the hands of men, and they will kill him, and having been killed, he will be risen* in the third day. 9:32 But they were not considering the declaration, and were afraid to ask him.


    {Mt 17:24-27 Capernaum Sept. 29 AD.}

    {Mk 9:33-50 & Mt 18:1-14 & Lk 9:46-50 Sept. 29 AD.}

    9:33 And he came to Capernaum, and when* he happened to be in the house he asked them, What were you* reasoning among yourselves by the road? 9:34 But they were silent; for* they had reasoned with one another on the road, who was the greater. 9:35 And sitting down, he summoned the twelve, and he said to them, If anyone wishes to be first, he will be last of all and servant of all. 9:36 And having taken a little child, he stood it in the midst of them. And having wrapped it in his arms, he said to them, 9:37 Whoever accepts one little child of such in my name, accepts me, and whoever accepts me, does not accept me, but he who sent me.


    9:38 Now John answered him, saying, Teacher, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, who is not following us, and we did forbid him because he is not following us.

    9:39 But Jesus said, Do not forbid him; for* there is no one who will do a miracle in my name, and be able to speak evil of me quickly. 9:40 For* he who is not against you* is working on your* behalf. 9:41 For* whoever gives you* a cup of water to drink in my name, because you* are of Christ, assuredly I say to you*, He may never* lose his reward. 9:42 And whoever offends one of these little ones who believe in me, it is good for him rather if a mill’s stone encompassed his neck, and he has been cast into the sea.

    9:43 And if your hand offends you, cut it off. It is good for you to enter into life crippled, rather than having your two hands, and to go into hell, into the unquenchable fire, 9:44 where a maggot of them is not dead* and the fire is not quenched. 9:45 And if your foot offends you, cut it off. It is good for you to enter into life lame, rather than having your two feet, and to be cast into hell, into the unquenchable fire, 9:46 where a maggot is not dead* and the fire is not quenched. 9:47 And if your eye offends you, cast it out. It is good for you to enter into the kingdom of God one-eyed, rather than having two eyes, and to be cast into the hell of fire, 9:48 where a maggot of them is not dying and the fire is not quenched. 9:49 For* everyone will be salted with fire and every sacrifice will be salted with salt. 9:50 The salt is good, but if the salt has become non-salty, with* what shall you* season it? Have salt in yourselves and be at peace one with* another.


[Mark 10] TOC


    {Mt 18:15-35.} {Jn 7:2-9; Galilee, probably Capernaum.} {Lk 9:51-56 & Jn 7:10; Samaria, Sept: 29 AD.} {Lk 9:57-62.} {Jn 7:11-10:1-21; Jerusalem, Oct. 29 AD.} {Lk 10:1-24; Probably Judea, Oct: 29 AD.} {Lk 10:25-37; Probably Judea.} {Lk 10:38-42; Bethany, near Jerusalem.} {Lk 11:1-13; Probably Judea.} {Lk 11:14-13:9.} {Lk 13:10-21; Probably Peraea.} {Jn 10:22-42; Jerusalem and beyond Jordan.} {Lk 13:22-35; Peraea; Lk 14:1-24 Probably Peraea; Lk 14:25-17:10.} {Jn 11:1-46; Peraea to Bethany, Jan. 30 AD; Jn 11:47-54; Jerusalem and Ephraim in Judea.} {Lk 17:11-37; Borders of Samaria and Galilee; Lk 18:1-14.}

    {Mk 10:1-12 & Mt 19:1-12.}

    10:1 And rising* up from there, he goes into the borders of Judea through the area beyond-that of the Jordan, and crowds travel together to him again. And as he had been accustomed, he was teaching them again. 10:2 And coming to him, the Pharisees asked him, testing him, Is it legal for a man to divorce his wife?

    10:3 But answering, he said to them, What did Moses command you*?

    10:4 But they said, Moses permitted us to write a document of divorcement and to divorce her. {Deu. 24:1}

    10:5 And Jesus answering, said to them, He wrote this commandment for you*, for your* hardness of heart. 10:6 But ‘God made* them male and female’ from the beginning of the creation. {Gen 1:27, 5:2} 10:7 ‘Because of this, a man will leave his father and mother and will be joined to his wife; 10:8 and the two will become one flesh,’ so-that they are no more two, but one flesh. {Gen 2:24} 10:9 Therefore, what God has yoked together, let man not separate.

    10:10 And in the house, his disciples asked him again concerning the same thing. 10:11 And he says to them, Whoever divorces his wife and should marry another is committing adultery against her; 10:12 and if a woman divorces her husband and should marry another, she is committing adultery.


    {Mk 10:13-16 & Mt 19:13-15 & Lk 18:15-17 Peraea.}

    10:13 And they were bringing to him little children, that* he might touch them, but the disciples were rebuking those bringing them. 10:14 But when* Jesus saw it, he was indignant and said to them, Allow the little children to come to me, and do not forbid them; for* of such is the kingdom of God. 10:15 Assuredly I say to you*, Whoever does not accept the kingdom of God like a little child, he may never* enter into it. 10:16 And having wrapped them in his arms, and laying his hands upon them, he was blessing them.


    {Mk 10:17-31 & Mt 19:16-20:16 & Lk 18:18-30 Peraea.}

    10:17 And while traveling toward the road, one ran up to him and knelt before him, and asked him, Good Teacher, what should I do that* I may inherit everlasting life?

    10:18 But Jesus said to him, Why do you call* me good? None is good except one, our God. 10:19 You know the commandments: ‘Do not commit adultery. Do not murder. Do not steal. Do not falsely testify. Do not defraud. Honor your father and mother.’ {Ex. 20:12-16 & Deu. 5:16-20}

    10:20 But answering, he said to him, Teacher, I have observed all these things from my youth.

    10:21 Now Jesus looking at him, loved* him, and said to him, You are lacking in one thing. Go, sell as many things as you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. And come-here, follow me, lifting up your cross. 10:22 But being dismal upon the word, he went away and was sorrowing; for* he had many properties.


    10:23 And Jesus, having looked around, says to his disciples, How those who have wealth will hardly enter into the kingdom of God! 10:24 Now the disciples were being amazed at his words. But answering again, Jesus says to them, Children, how hard it is for those who have confidence in wealth to enter into the kingdom of God! 10:25 It is easier for a camel to enter through a needle’s eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

    10:26 Now they were being astounded even-more with themselves, saying to him, Then who is able to be saved?

    10:27 But Jesus looking at them says, With men it is impossible, but not with God; for* all things are possible with God.

    10:28 Peter began to say to him, Behold, we have left all and have followed you.

    10:29 But Jesus answering, said, Assuredly I say to you*, There is no one who has left his house or brethren or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or fields, because of me and because of the good-news, 10:30 who may not receive a hundred-times that now in this time, houses and brethren and sisters and mothers and children and fields, with persecutions, and everlasting life in the world to come. 10:31 But many who are first will be last, and the last will be first.


    {Mk 10:32-45 & Mt 20:17-28 & Lk 18:31-34; Peraea or Judea, near Jordan.}

    10:32 Now they were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was leading them and they were being amazed, and following, were afraid. And he took again the twelve, and began to tell them the things which are about to befall him, 10:33 saying, Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be given up to the high-priests and the scribes, and they will condemn him to death and will give him to the Gentiles, 10:34 and they will mock him and will scourge him and will spit upon him and will kill him, and he will rise* up in the third day.

    10:35 And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, travel before him, saying, Teacher, we wish that* whatever we ask of you, you might do it for us.

    10:36 But he said to them, What do you* wish that I may do for you*?

    10:37 Now they said to him, Give to us that* we may sit, one at your right hand and one at your left hand in your glory.

    10:38 But Jesus said to them, You* do not know what you* ask. Are you* able to drink the cup that I am drinking? And to be immersed* in the immersion* that I am immersed* in?

    10:39 Now they said to him, We are able.

    But Jesus said to them, Indeed the cup that I am drinking, you* will drink, and the immersion* that I am immersed* in, you* will be immersed* in. 10:40 But to sit at my right and at my left is not mine to give, but it is for them for whom it has been prepared. 10:41 And when* the ten heard it, they began to be indignant concerning James and John.


    10:42 Now having called them to him, Jesus says to them, You* know that those who seem to rule over the Gentiles are lording it over them, and their great ones are wielding authority over them. 10:43 But it will not be so among you*, but rather, whoever wishes to become great among you* will be your* servant; 10:44 and whoever wishes to become first among you* will be bondservant of all. 10:45 For* the Son of Man also did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a redemption in exchange-for many.


    {Mk 10:46-52 & Mt 20:29-34 & Lk 18:35-43; Jericho.}

    10:46 And they come into Jericho, and while traveling from Jericho with his disciples and a considerable crowd, the son of Timaeus, Bartimaeus, a blind man, was sitting and begging beside the road. 10:47 And when* he heard that it is Jesus the Nazarene, he began to cry out and say, Jesus, you, the son of David, show-mercy to me. 10:48 And many were rebuking him, that* he should be silent, but he was crying out much more, You, the son of David, show-mercy to me.

    10:49 And Jesus stood still and asked for him to be summoned.

    And they summon the blind man, saying to him, Have courage. Arise; he is summoning you. 10:50 Now he, casting away his garment, having stood up, came to Jesus.

    10:51 And answering, Jesus says to him, What do you wish that I might do for you?

    Now the blind man said to him, Rabboni, that* I may recover my sight.

    10:52 Now Jesus said to him, Go; your faith has cured you. And immediately he recovered his sight and was following Jesus on the road.


    {Lk 19:1-28; Jericho.} {Jn 11:55-12:1, 9-11 Bethany March 31- April 1, 30 AD.}


[Mark 11] TOC


    {The week of Jesus’ crucifixion. Mk 11:1-11 & Mt 21:1-12, 14-17 & Lk 19:29-44 & Jn 12:12-19 Bethany to Jerusalem and back Sun. April 2, 30 AD.}

    11:1 And when they draw near to Jerusalem, to Bethphage and Bethany, toward the Mountain of Olives, he sends two of his disciples, 11:2 and says to them, Go into the village which is in front of you* and immediately when* you* travel into it, you* will find a colt that has been tied upon which no man {Greek: no one of men} has sat; loose it and lead it here. 11:3 And if anyone says to you*, Why are you* doing this? Say that the Lord has need of him, and immediately he will send it here. 11:4 Now they went away and found a colt that has been tied at the door outside in the road, and they loose him.

    11:5 And some of those who are standing there were saying to them, What are you* doing, loosening the colt?

    11:6 And they said to them just-as Jesus had commanded and they let them leave. 11:7 And they led the colt to Jesus and cast their garments upon it, and he sat upon it. 11:8 But many spread their garments upon the road, and others were cutting down foliage from the trees and were spreading them in the road. 11:9 And those who precede him and those who followed him, were crying out, saying, Hosanna; he who comes in the name of the Lord has been blessed. 11:10 The kingdom which is coming in the name of the Lord of our father David has been blessed. Hosanna in the highest.


    11:11 And Jesus entered into Jerusalem and into the temple, and having looked around on all things, already being the evening hour, he went out to Bethany with the twelve.


    {Mk 11:12-18 & Mt 21:18, 19, 12, 13 & Lk 19:45-48 Road from Bethany to Jerusalem Mon.}

    11:12 And on the next-day, having come out from Bethany, he hungered. 11:13 And seeing a fig tree from afar having leaves, he came to see if he will then find anything in it, and when* he came upon it, he found nothing except leaves; for* it was not the time of figs. 11:14 And Jesus answering, said to it, No one may eat fruit from you– no longer, forever. And his disciples heard it.


    11:15 And they come to Jerusalem and Jesus entered into the temple and began to cast out those who are selling and buying in the temple, and turned over the tables of the brokers and the chairs of those who are selling the doves; 11:16 and he was not allowing, that* anyone should carry goods through the temple. 11:17 And he was teaching them, saying to them, Has it not been written, ‘My house will be called a house of prayer for all the nations? But you* have made* it a den of robbers.’ {Is. 56:7 and Jer. 7:11} 11:18 And the scribes and the high-priests heard it and were seeking how they might destroy him, but they feared him, because all the crowd was being astounded at his teaching.


    {Mk 11:19-26 & Mt 21:20-22 & Lk 21:37-38 Road from Bethany to Jerusalem Tues.}

    11:19 And when it became evening, he went forth outside the city. 11:20 And while traveling by in the morning, they saw the fig tree that has been dried up from the roots. 11:21 And having remembered, Peter says to him, Rabbi, behold, the fig tree which you cursed, it has been dried up.

    11:22 And answering, Jesus says to them, Have faith of God. 11:23 For* assuredly I say to you*, Whoever says to this mountain, Be lifted up and be cast into the sea, and should not doubt in his heart, but should believe that what he says happens; whatever he says will be to him. 11:24 Because of this, I am saying to you*, All things, as many things as you* may ask for when praying, believe that you* receive them and you* will have them. 11:25 And whenever you* stand praying, if you* have anything against anyone, forgive them; that* your* Father who is in the heavens may also forgive you* your* trespasses. 11:26 But if you* do not forgive, neither will your* Father who is in the heavens forgive your* trespasses.


    {Mk 11:27-33 & Mt 21:23-27 & Lk 20:1-8 Courtyard of the Temple, Tues.}

    11:27 And they come again to Jerusalem, and while* he is walking in the temple, the high-priests and the scribes and the elders come to him; 11:28 and they say to him, By what authority are you doing these things? And who gave you this authority, that* you should do these things?

    11:29 But Jesus answering, said to them, I will also ask you* one question, and answer me, and I will tell you* by what authority I am doing these things. 11:30 The immersion* of John, was it from heaven or from men? Answer me.

    11:31 And they were reasoning with themselves, saying, If we say, From heaven; he will say, Then* why did you* not believe him? 11:32 But should we say, From men? (They feared the people. All held that John really was a prophet.)

    11:33 And they answering, say to Jesus, We do not know.

    And answering, Jesus says to them, Neither do I tell you* by what authority I am doing these things.


[Mark 12] TOC


    {Mt 21:28-32.}{Mk 12:1-12 & Mt 21:33-46 & Lk 20:9-19.}

    12:1 And he began to speak to them in parables: A man planted a vineyard and placed a fence around it and shoveled a winepress in it and built a tower, and rented it out to farmers and went abroad. 12:2 And at the harvest time, he sent a bondservant to the farmers, that* he might receive from the fruit of the vineyard from the farmers. 12:3 But they took him and whipped him and sent him away empty handed. 12:4 And again, he sent another bondservant to them, and having stoned him, they bashed his head and sent him away, having dishonored him. 12:5 And again, he sent another, and they killed him and many others; whipping some but killing others. 12:6 Therefore, he still had one, his beloved son; he also sent him last to them, saying, They will revere my son. 12:7 But those farmers said to themselves, This is the heir. Come-here. We should kill him and the inheritance will be ours. 12:8 And they took him and killed him and cast him forth outside the vineyard. 12:9 Therefore, what will the lord of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the farmers and will give the vineyard to others. 12:10 Have you* not even read this Scripture, ‘The stone which the builders rejected*, this has become the head of the corner; 12:11 this came* from the Lord and it is marvelous in our eyes’? {Ps. 118:22-23} 12:12 And they were seeking to take-hold of him, and yet they feared the crowd. They knew that he spoke the parable to them and they left him and went away.


    {Mt 22:1-14.} {Mk 12:13-17 & Mt 22:15-22 & Lk 20:20-26 Courtyard of the Temple, Tues.}

    12:13 And they send to him some of the Pharisees and some of the Herodians, that* they might catch him in his words. 12:14 Now when* they came, they say to him, Teacher, we know that you are true and do not care concerning one’s appearance. You do not look at the countenance of men, but teach the way of God by truth. Is it legal to give tribute to Caesar or not? 12:15 Should we give or should we not give?

    But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, Why are you* testing me? Bring me a denarius {a standard day’s pay}, that* I may see it. 12:16 Now they brought it. And he says to them, Whose face is this image and inscription?

    Now they said to him, Caesar’s.

    12:17 And Jesus answering, said to them, Give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and give to God the things that are God’s. And they marveled at him.


    {Mk 12:18-27 & Mt 22:23-33 & Lk 20:27-39.}

    12:18 And the Sadducees come to him, who say that there is no resurrection, and they asked him, saying, 12:19 Teacher, Moses wrote to us, If anyone’s brother dies and if he leaves a wife behind him and if he leaves no child, that* his brother should take his wife and should raise* up seed to his brother. {Deu. 25:5} 12:20 There were seven brethren and the first took a wife and dying left no seed; 12:21 and the second took her and died, and left no seed, and the third likewise*; 12:22 and the seven took her and left no seed. Last of all the woman also died. 12:23 In the resurrection, whenever they rise* up, whose wife will she be of them? For* the seven had her as their wife.

    12:24 And Jesus answering, said to them, Are you* not being misled because of this, by not knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of God? 12:25 For* whenever they will rise* up from the dead, they neither marry, nor are they betrothed, but are like messengers who are in the heavens. 12:26 But concerning the dead, that they are raised; have you* not read in the book of Moses, at the place concerning the bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob'? {Ex. 3:6} 12:27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living. Therefore, you* are much misled.


    {Mk 12:28-34 & Mt 22:34-40 & Lk 20:40.}

    12:28 And one of the scribes came and heard them debating together, and knowing that he had answered them well, asked him, What commandment is the first of all?

    12:29 But Jesus answered, The first of all the commandments is: ‘Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God, the Lord is one'; 12:30 and ‘You will love* the Lord your God from all your heart and from your whole soul and from your whole mind and from your whole strength.’ This is the first commandment. {Deu. 6:4-6} 12:31 And the second is similar, ‘You will love* your neighbor like yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these. {Lev. 19:18}

    12:32 And the scribe said to him, Of a truth, Teacher, you have said well that he is one, and there is no other except* he; 12:33 and to love* him from the whole heart and from the whole intelligence and from the whole soul and from the whole strength and to love* his neighbor like himself, is more-than all the whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices.


    12:34 And when* Jesus saw that he answered with perception, he said to him, You are not far from the kingdom of God. And no one was daring enough to ask him anymore.


    {Mk 12:35-37 & Mt 22:41-46 & Lk 20:41-44.}

    12:35 And Jesus answering, said, while he was teaching in the temple, How is it that the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David? 12:36 David himself said in the Holy Spirit, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I should place your enemies under the footstool of your feet.’ {Ps. 110:1} 12:37 Therefore David himself calls* him Lord, and is he his son? From where? And the large crowd was gladly hearing him.


    {Mk 12:38-40 & Mt 23:1-39 & Lk 20:45-47 Courts of the Temple, Tues.}

    12:38 And he said to them in his teaching, Beware of the scribes, who wish to walk in long robes and to have greetings in the marketplaces, 12:39 and the foremost seats in the synagogues and foremost-places in the suppers. 12:40 They are those who devour widows’ houses and are praying long prayers for a pretext; these will receive even-more condemnation.


    {Mk 12:41-44 & Lk 21:1-4 In the Temple Treasury, Tues.}

    12:41 And Jesus sat down opposite the treasury and was viewing how the crowd cast brass coins into the treasury, and many who were rich were casting in much. 12:42 And a poor widow came and she cast in two bronze-coins, which is equal to a copper coin. 12:43 And he called his disciples to him and says to them, Assuredly I say to you*, This poor widow has cast in more-than all those who are casting in much into the treasury; 12:44 for* they all cast in out of what is abounding to them, but she cast in, out of her lack of all things, as many things as she had, her whole livelihood.


[Mark 13] TOC


    {Jn 12:20-50) In the Temple, Tues.}

    {Mk 13:1-23 & Mt 24:1-28 & Lk 21:5-24 Destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD. It is best to read Luke 21 first. See also: Lk 19:41-44 & Lk 23:28-31.}

    13:1 And while traveling from the temple, one of his disciples says to him, Teacher, behold, what sort of stones and what sort of buildings are here.

    13:2 And Jesus answering, said to him, Do you see these great buildings? One stone may not be left upon another stone, which may not be torn-down.

    13:3 And while* he is sitting upon the Mountain of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately, 13:4 Tell us, when will these things be? And what will be the sign whenever all these things are about to be completed?

    13:5 But Jesus answering, began to say to them, Beware, do not let anyone mislead you*. 13:6 For* many will come in my name, saying, I am he, and will mislead many. 13:7 Now whenever you* hear of wars and reports of wars, do not be alarmed; for* it is essential for these things to happen, but the end is not yet. 13:8 For* nation will arise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be earthquakes in different places; there will be famines and disturbances. These things are the beginnings of travail. 13:9 But you* yourselves, beware, they will give you* up to councils, and you* will be whipped in synagogues and you* will be standing in front of governors and kings, because of me, *for a testimony to them. 13:10 And it is essential for the good-news to first be preached to all the nations. 13:11 But whenever they lead you* to judgment and are giving you* up, do not be anxious beforehand what you* should speak, nor meditate on an answer, but whatever is given to you* in that hour, speak that. It is not you* who are speaking, but the Holy Spirit. 13:12 But brother will give up brother to death, and the father against his child, and children will stand up against parents and will slay them. 13:13 And you* will be hated by all men because of my name, but he who has endured to the end, this one will be saved.

    13:14 But whenever you* behold the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of by Daniel the prophet standing where it ought not to be (let him who is reading perceive), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains; 13:15 and let him who is upon the housetop not go down into the house, nor let him enter in to take anything out of his house; 13:16 and let him who is in the field not turn to the things behind him, that is, to take his garment. 13:17 But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing in those days! 13:18 Now pray that* your* flight might not happen in the winter. 13:19 For* in those days will be affliction, such-as there has not happened from the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and may never* happen again. 13:20 And except that the Lord had shortened the days, no flesh would have been saved, but because of the chosen, whom he chose, he shortened the days. 13:21 And then if anyone says to you*, Behold, here is the Christ; or, Behold, there; do not believe it; 13:22 for* there will arise false Christs and false prophets and will give signs and wonders to this end, if possible, *that* they may mislead even the chosen. 13:23 But you*, beware. Behold, I have told you* all things beforehand.


    {Mk 13:24-37 & Mt 24:29-51 & Lk 21:25-28 & 2Th 1:7-9 Second Coming.}

    13:24 But in those days, after that affliction, the sun will be darkened and the moon will not give her radiance, 13:25 and the stars will be falling from the heaven and the powers that are in the heavens will be shaken. 13:26 And then they will see the Son of Man coming in the clouds with much power and glory. 13:27 And then he will send forth his messengers and will gather together his chosen from the four winds, from the tip of the earth to the tip of heaven.


    {Mk 13:28-31 & Mt 24:32-35 & Lk 21:29-33 Destruction of Jerusalem AD 70.}

    13:28 Now learn from the fig tree her parable: whenever her branch has already become tender and its leaves may have sprung forth, you* know that the summer is near; 13:29 so also you*, whenever you* see these things happening, know that it is near, even at the doors. 13:30 Assuredly I say to you*, This generation may never* pass away, till all these things should happen. 13:31 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words may never* pass away.


    {Mk 13:32-37 & Mt 24:36-44 & Lk 21:34-36 Second Coming.}

    13:32 But no one knows concerning that day or hour, not even the messengers in heaven, neither the Son, except the Father only. 13:33 Beware, watch and pray; for* you* do not know when the time is. 13:34 It is like a man, going abroad, having left his house and given authority to his bondservants, and his work to each one, and he commanded the doorkeeper that* he should watch. 13:35 Therefore watch; for* you* do not know when the lord of the house is coming, whether at evening or midnight or rooster’s crowing or in the morning; 13:36 lest coming suddenly, he may find you* sleeping. 13:37 Now what I say to you*, I say to all, Watch!


[Mark 14] TOC


    {Mt 24:45-51 & Lk 21:37.} {Mt 25:1-46 Mountain of Olives, Tues.}

    {Mk 14:1-2 & Mt 26:1-5 & Lk 22:1-2 mountain Olives, Bethany, Jerusalem, Tues. Evening, Wed. for the Jews.}

    14:1 Now after two days it was the feast of the Passover and the unleavened bread, and the high-priests and the scribes were seeking how they might take-hold of him with* treachery and might kill him; 14:2 but they were saying, Not at the feast, lest there will be an uproar of the people.


    {Mk 14:3-9 & Mt 26:6-13.}

    14:3 And now being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, reclining at a meal, a woman came having an alabaster flask of costly undiluted perfume of nard, and she crushed the alabaster flask and poured it over his head. 14:4 But there were some being indignant to themselves, and saying, *For what purpose has the waste of the perfume happened? 14:5 For* this perfume was able to have been sold* for above three hundred denarii and given to the poor. And they were scolding her.

    14:6 But Jesus said, Allow her. Why are you* harassing her? She has worked a good work *for me. 14:7 For* you* always have the poor with you*, and whenever you* wish, you* are able to do them good, but you* do not always have me. 14:8 As she had, she did. She took upon herself beforehand to perfume my body *for its burying. 14:9 And assuredly I say to you*, Wherever this good-news is preached into the whole world, what also she has done will be spoken *for her memorial.


    {Mk 14:10-11 & Mt 26:14-16 & Lk 22:3-6 & Jn 12:2-8.}

    14:10 And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went away to the high-priests that* he might give him up to them. 14:11 Now having heard it, they rejoiced and promised to give him silver. And he was seeking how he might opportunely give him up.


    {Mk 14:12-17 & Mt 26:17-20 & Lk 22:7-18, 22:24-30 Bethany to Jerusalem Thurs. Evening.}

    14:12 And on the first day of unleavened bread, when they were sacrificing the Passover, his disciples say to him, Where do you wish us to go, that we should prepare that* you may eat the Passover?

    14:13 And he sends two of his disciples and says to them, Go into the city and you* will encounter a man bearing a pitcher of water there. Follow him. 14:14 And wherever he enters in, say to the householder, The Teacher says, Where is the guestroom, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples? 14:15 And he will show you* a big furnished upper room, which is ready. Prepare it for us there. 14:16 And his disciples went forth, and came into the city and found like he had said to them, and they prepared the Passover. 14:17 And when* it became evening, he comes with the twelve.


    {Jn 13:1-20 Thurs. Evening.}

    {Mk 14:18-21, 14:27-31 & Mt 26:21-25, 26:31-35 & Lk 22:21-23, 22:31-38 & Jn 13:21-38.}

    14:18 And while* they are reclining and eating, Jesus said, Assuredly I say to you*, One out of you* will give me up to the Jews, he who is eating with me.

    14:19 Now they began to be sorrowful and to say to him one by one, It is not I, is it? And another, It is not I, is it?

    14:20 But answering, he said to them, It is one out of the twelve, he who dips with me in the dish. 14:21 The Son of Man indeed is going, just-as it has been written concerning him, but woe to that man through whom the Son of Man is given up! It was {i.e. would be} good for him, if that man was not ever born.


    {Mk 14:22-25 & Mt 26:26-29 & Lk 22:19-20, 1Cor: 11:23-26.}

    14:22 And while* they are eating, Jesus took bread and having given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them and said, Take, eat; this is my body. 14:23 And he took the cup and having given-thanks, he gave it to them, and they all drank out of it. 14:24 And he said to them, This is my blood, that of the new covenant*, which is poured out concerning many. 14:25 Assuredly I say to you*, I may never* drink anymore from the fruit of the vine, until that day whenever I drink it new in the kingdom of God.


    {Jn 14-17 Thurs. Night, Friday to the Jews.}

    {Mk 14:26, 14:32-42 & Mt 26:30, 26:36-46 & Lk 22:39-46 & Jn 18:1 Garden between Stream of Kidron and Mountain of Olives, Late Thurs. night.}

.   14:26 And having sung a hymn, they went out to the Mountain of Olives.

    {See Mk 14:18-21 above.}

    14:27 And Jesus says to them, All of you* will be offended at me in this night, because it has been written, ‘I will strike the shepherd and the sheep will be scattered.’ {Zech. 13:7} 14:28 But after I arise, I will precede you* into Galilee.

    14:29 But Peter said to him, Even if all will be offended, but not I.

    14:30 And Jesus says to him, Assuredly I say to you, that today, even in this night, before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three-times.

    14:31 But Peter spoke exceptionally, If it should be essential for me to die together with you, I may never* deny you! Now likewise*, they also all were saying it.

    {See Mk 14:26 above.}

    14:32 And they come to a parcel of ground of which the name is Gethsemane, and he says to his disciples, Sit here until I should pray. 14:33 And he takes with him Peter and James and John, and began to be utterly amazed and disheartened. 14:34 And he says to them, My soul is very sorrowful, remain here and watch.

    14:35 And he went forward a little, and fell upon the earth and was praying that*, if it was possible, the hour might pass away from him. 14:36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible for you; carry this cup away from me, but not what I will, but what you will.

    14:37 And he comes and finds them sleeping, and says to Peter, Simon, do you sleep? Were you not strong-enough to watch one hour? 14:38 Watch and pray, that* you* may not enter into temptation. The spirit is indeed eager, but the flesh is weak.

    14:39 And again he went away and prayed, saying the same words.

    14:40 And having returned, he found them sleeping again, for* their eyes were heavy, and they did not know what they should answer him.

    14:41 And he comes the third-time and says to them, Furthermore, are you* sleeping and resting yourselves? It is enough. The hour has come. Behold, the Son of Man is given up into the hands of sinners. 14:42 Arise, we should be going. Behold, he who is giving me up has drawn near.


    {Mk 14:43-52 & Mt 26:47-56 & Lk 22:47-53 & Jn 18:2-11 Gethsemane, Friday a few hours before dawn.}

    14:43 And immediately, as he is still speaking, Judas, being one of the twelve, comes up and with him a large crowd with swords and clubs from the high-priests, and the scribes and the elders. 14:44 Now he who is giving him up had given them a predefined gesture, saying, Whomever I kiss, that is he; take-hold of him and securely lead him away. 14:45 And having come to the place, he went immediately to him and says to him, Rabbi, Rabbi, and kissed him. 14:46 Now they put hands upon him and took-hold of him.

    14:47 But a certain one of those standing beside him, pulled his sword, and struck the bondservant of the high-priest and took off his ear.

    14:48 And Jesus answering, said to them, Have you* come out, as against a robber with swords and clubs to take me? 14:49 I was with you* daily teaching in the temple and you* did not take-hold of me, but this is done in order that the Scriptures might be fulfilled.


    14:50 And they all left him and fled. 14:51 And one, a certain young-man followed with him, having been dressed in a linen cloth over his naked body, and the young-men took-hold of him; 14:52 but he left the linen cloth and fled from them naked.


    {Jn 18:12-14, 19-23 Friday before dawn.}

    {Mk 14:53 & Mt 26:57 & Lk 22:54a & Jn 18:24 Palace of Caiaphas, before dawn.}

    14:53 And they led Jesus away to the high-priest, and all the high-priests and the elders and the scribes come together with him there.


    {Mk 14:54 & Mt 26:58 & Lk 22:54b-62 & Jn 18:15-18 Courtyard of High Priest’s residence, Friday around dawn.}

    14:54 And Peter followed him from afar, to just inside, into the courtyard of the high-priest, and he was sitting together with the attendants and warming himself in the light of the fire.


    {Mk 14:55-65 & Mt 26:59-68 & Lk 22:63-65.}

    14:55 Now the high-priests and the whole council were seeking testimony against Jesus, *that* they might slay him, and they were not finding it. 14:56 For* many were falsely testifying against him, and yet their testimonies were not equal. 14:57 And some stood up and were falsely testifying against him, saying, 14:58 We heard him say, I will tear-down this temple, the one made* with hands, and in three days, I will build another not made* with hands. 14:59 And thus, neither was their testimony equal.

    14:60 And the high-priest stood up in the midst of them and asked Jesus, saying, Are you answering nothing? What are these witnesses testifying against you? 14:61 But he was silent and answered nothing. Again the high-priest asked him and said to him, Are you the Christ, the Son of the Gracious* One?

    14:62 But Jesus said, I am, and you* will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of power and coming with the clouds of heaven.

    14:63 But the high-priest ripped his tunic and says, Why do we still have need of witnesses? 14:64 You* have heard the blasphemy. What does it appear to you*? Now they all condemned him to be liable for death. 14:65 And some began to spit on him and to cover his face and to batter him, and to say to him, Prophesy! And the attendants were casting him around with slaps on the cheek.


    {Mk 14:66-72 & Mt 26:69-75 & Lk 22:55-62 & Jn 18:25-27.}

    14:66 And Peter being below in the courtyard, there one of the maidservants of the high-priest comes; 14:67 and seeing Peter warming himself, she looked at him and says, You were also with Jesus, the Nazarene.

    14:68 But he denied it, saying, I neither know him, nor even know what you are saying, and he went outside to the forecourt, and the rooster crowed.

    14:69 And the maidservant saw him and began again to say to those standing beside her, This one is from them. 14:70 But he again was denying it. And after a little while, those standing beside them were again saying to Peter, You truly are from them; for you are a Galilean and your speech is similar.

    14:71 But he began to curse and swear, I do not know this man of whom you* speak. 14:72 And the rooster crowed the second-time. And Peter was reminded of the declaration that Jesus said to him, Before the rooster crows twice, you will deny me three-times. And having put his thoughts on it, he wept.


[Mark 15] TOC


    {Mk 15:1 & Mt 27:1-2 Lk 22:66-23:1 & Jn 18:28a Jerusalem early Friday morning.}

    15:1 And immediately in the morning, the high-priests with the elders and scribes, and the whole ruling council, made* a council together and bound Jesus and carried him away and gave him up to Pilate.


    {Mt 27:3-10 & Acts 1:18-19 Friday morning and toward the future.}


    {Mk 15:2-5 & Mt 27:11-14 & Lk 23:2-5 & Jn 18:28b-38 Jerusalem early Friday morning.}

    15:2 And Pilate asked him, Are you the King of the Jews?

    But answering, he said to him, You speak correctly.

    15:3 And the high-priests were accusing him of many things, {T} but He answered nothing.

    15:4 But Pilate asked him again, saying, Do you answer nothing? Behold how many things they are testifying against you. 15:5 But Jesus no more answered anything; so-that Pilate marveled.


    {Lk 23:6-12 Jerusalem early Friday morning.}


    {Mk 15:6-19 & Mt 27:15-30 & Jn 18:39-19:16 Friday, April 7, 30AD.}

    15:6 Now he normally released to them one prisoner at the feast, whomever they asked for. 15:7 Now there was one called* Barabbas, having been bound with his fellow rioters, who in the riot had practiced murder. 15:8 And the crowd crying out, began to ask him to do like he was doing habitually for them. 15:9 But Pilate answered them, saying, Do you* wish that I might release to you* the King of the Jews? 15:10 For* he has known that the high-priests had given him up because of envy. 15:11 But the high-priests shook up the crowd, that* he should rather release Barabbas to them. 15:12 And Pilate again answering, said to them, Then* what do you* wish that I might do to him whom you* call* the King of the Jews?

    15:13 But they cried out again, Crucify him!

    15:14 But Pilate said to them, For* what evil has he done?

    But they cried out even-more, Crucify him. 15:15 Now Pilate, willing to do what was sufficient for the crowd, released to them Barabbas and gave up Jesus, having scourged him, that* he might be crucified.

    15:16 Now the soldiers led him away, inside the courtyard, which is the palace, and they call together the whole cohort {600 soldiers}. 15:17 And they clothe him with purple, and braided a thorny crown, and they placed it around his head; 15:18 and they began to greet him, Hail, King of the Jews! 15:19 And they were beating his head with a reed and were spitting on him, and placing the knees down, they were worshiping him.


    {Mk 15:20-23 & Mt 27:31-34 & Lk 23:26-33 & Jn 19:17 Road to the Cross, Friday morning.}

    15:20 And when they had mocked him, they stripped the purple off him and clothed him with his own garments. And they lead him out that* they should crucify him. 15:21 And they compel a certain one passing by, Simon from Cyrene, coming from the rural-area, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to go with them, that* he might lift up his cross. 15:22 And they bring him to the place called Golgotha, which is, after being translated, The place of a skull. 15:23 And they were giving to him wine to drink, having been medicated with myrrh, but he did not take it.


    {Mk 15:24-32 & Mt 27:35-44 & Lk 23:33-43 & Jn 19:18-27 9:00 until Noon, Friday.}

    15:24 And having crucified him, ‘they divide his garments, casting a lot upon them,’ who and what each might take. {Psa 22:18} 15:25 Now it was the third hour {i.e. 9:00 AM} and they crucified him. 15:26 And the inscription of his accusation was written on the cross, The King of the Jews. 15:27 And they crucify two robbers together with him; one at his right and one at his left. 15:28 And the Scripture was fulfilled, which says ‘And he was counted with the lawless.’ {Is. 53:12} 15:29 ‘And those who traveled by were blaspheming him, wagging their heads’ and saying, Ha! You who will tear-down the temple and build it in three days; 15:30 ‘save yourself and come down from the cross.’ {Psa 22:7}

    15:31 Now likewise, the high-priests with the scribes were mocking him with one another, and were saying, He saved others, but he is not able to save himself. 15:32 Let the Christ, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross, that* we may see and may believe in him. And those who have been crucified together with him were reproaching him.


    {Mk 15:34 & Mt 27:45 & Lk 23:44 around Noon.}

    15:33 Now when* it became the sixth hour, there became darkness over the whole earth until the ninth hour {i.e. Noon until 3:00 PM}.


    {Mk 15:34-41 & Mt 27:46-56 & Lk 23:45-49 & Jn 19:28-30 around 3:00 to 5:00 PM.}

    15:34 And in the ninth hour {i.e. 3:00 PM} Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, after being translated, ‘My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?’ {Ps. 22:1}

    15:35 And some of those standing beside him, having heard it, were saying, Behold, he is summoning Elijah. 15:36 But one having run and filled a sponge with vinegar, placed it around a reed and was giving it to him to drink, saying, Allow it, that we may see if Elijah comes to take him down.

    15:37 But Jesus expired, having left with a loud voice. 15:38 And the curtain of the temple was split-apart, into two pieces, from the top to the bottom. 15:39 Now the centurion* standing there, opposite from him, saw that he thus cried out and expired, said, Truly this man was the Son of God. 15:40 Now there were also women viewing from afar, among whom were both Mary the Magdalene and Mary the mother of James the little {Or: least} and of Joses and Salome; 15:41 who also, when he was in Galilee, was following him and was serving him, and many other women who came up together with him to Jerusalem.


    {Mk 15:42-47 & Mt 27:57-66 & Lk 23:50-56 & Jn 19:31-42 Before The Sabbath.}

    15:42 And already becoming evening, since it was the Preparation, which is, the daytime before the Sabbath, 15:43 Joseph, a prominent counselor, came, who was from Arimathaea, who himself was also waiting for the kingdom of God, and being daring, he entered to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 15:44 Now Pilate marveled if he had already died. And calling to him the centurion*, he asked him if he had been dead very-long. 15:45 And when* he knew it from the centurion*, he bestowed as a gift the body to Joseph. 15:46 And having bought a linen cloth and having taken him down, he coiled him in the linen cloth, and placed him in a tomb which was hewed out of a rock, and he rolled a stone against the door of the tomb. 15:47 Now Mary the Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses were viewing where he is laid.


[Mark 16] TOC


    {Mk 16:1-8 & Mt 28:1-8 & Lk 24:1-8, 12 & Jn 20:1-10 Dawn and very early Sunday.}

    16:1 And when* the Sabbath had elapsed, Mary the Magdalene and Mary the mother of James and Salome bought spices, that* they might come and might anoint him. 16:2 And exceedingly early in the morning on the first day of the week, they are coming upon the tomb when* the sun had risen. 16:3 And they were saying to themselves, Who will roll away the stone from the door of the tomb for us? 16:4 And looking up, they view that the stone has been rolled away; for* it was extremely great. 16:5 And entering into the tomb, they saw a young-man sitting at the right side, having been dressed in a white robe, and they were utterly amazed.

    16:6 Now he says to them, Do not be utterly amazed. You* are seeking Jesus, the Nazarene, who has been crucified. He was raised. He is not here. Behold, the place where they laid him. 16:7 But go, tell his disciples and Peter, He precedes you* into Galilee. You* will see him there, like he said to you*. 16:8 And they went out and fled from the tomb. Now trembling and astonishment were holding them, and they said nothing to anyone; for* they were afraid.


    {Mk 16:9-11 & Mt 28:9-10 & Lk 24:9-11 & Jn 20:11-18.}

    16:9 Now having risen* in the morning on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary the Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons. 16:10 Having gone-onward, that woman reported to those who had come* to be with him, who were mourning and weeping. 16:11 And when* they heard that he is alive and had been seen by her, they disbelieved.


    {Mt 28:11-15 Sunday Morning.}

    {Mk 16:12-13 & Lk 24:13-35 & 1Cor: 15:5 Sunday Afternoon.}

    16:12 Now after these things, he was manifested in a different form to two out of them while* they are walking, traveling into the rural-area. 16:13 And they went away and reported it to the rest, but they did not believe those men.


    {Mk 16:14 & Lk 24:36-43 & Jn 20:19-25 Sunday Evening.}

    16:14 And later, while* they are reclining at a meal, he was manifested to the eleven themselves and he reproached their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe those who had seen him, that he had arisen.


    {Jn 20:26-31 & 1Cor: 15:5 Sunday after resurrection.} {Jn 21:1-25 Sea of Galilee.} {Mt 28:16-17 & 1Cor: 15:6 Mountain in Galilee.}


    {Mk 16:15-18 & Mt 28:18-20 & Lk 24:46-47 Mountain in Galilee; The Great Commission.}

    16:15 And he said to them, When* you* travel into all the world, preach the good-news to the whole creation. 16:16 He who believes and is immersed* will be saved, but he who disbelieves will be condemned.


    16:17 Now these signs will follow those who have believed: they will cast out demons in my name; they will speak in new languages; 16:18 they will lift up serpents and even if they drink anything deadly, it may never* harm them; they will lay hands upon the sick and they will be well.


    {Lk 24:44-49 & Acts 1:3-8 & 1Cor: 15:7 Jerusalem.}

    {Mk 16:19-20 & Lk 24:50-53 & Acts 1:9-12 Olivet, between Jerusalem and Bethany.}

    16:19 Therefore indeed, the Lord, after he had spoken to them, was received up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. 16:20 Now those apostles went forth and preached everywhere, the Lord working together with them, and confirming the word through the signs that followed. Amen.


{Many congregations give the MLV to all the members and any visitor; yours should consider this too. Please point out the Simple Reading Schedule to those who receive these, so as to help them read God’s Word, especially for the first time. The MLV is the only translation we know to exist in which every word can be looked up in a standard dictionary and the proper meaning is ‘Bible’ correct. The MLV is written at about a 13 year old’s reading level.}



[Luke 1] TOC


    {Lk 1:1-4 Introduction; no parallel.}

    1:1 Since many have undertaken the task to compile a narrative concerning the matters which have been fully assured among us, 1:2 just-as they gave them to us, who from the beginning became eyewitnesses and attendants of the word, 1:3 it also seemed good to me, having followed accurately in all things from the start, to write to you afterwards, most-excellent Theophilus; 1:4 that* you might fully know the certainty concerning the words in which you were instructed.


    {Lk 1:5-25 Jerusalem 6 BC; no parallel.}

    1:5 It happened in the days of Herod, the king of Judea, there was a certain priest, Zacharias by name, from the class* of Abijah and he had a wife of the daughters from Aaron and her name was Elisabeth. 1:6 Now they were both righteous and blameless in God’s sight, conducting-themselves in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord. 1:7 And there was no child to them, insomuch as Elisabeth was barren, and they were both advanced in their days.


    1:8 Now it happened, while* he was doing priestly duties in front of God in the order of his class*, 1:9 according to the custom of the priest’s office, his lot was to enter into the temple of the Lord and burn-incense. 1:10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying outside in the hour of incense. 1:11 And a messenger of the Lord appeared to him, standing at the right side of the altar of incense. 1:12 And Zacharias was disturbed, seeing him and fear fell upon him.

    1:13 But the messenger said to him, Do not fear, Zacharias, because your supplication is heard and your wife Elisabeth will give-birth to a son to you and you will call his name John. 1:14 And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth. 1:15 For* he will be great in the Lord’s sight, and he may never* drink wine or liquor, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb. 1:16 And he will turn many of the sons of Israel to the Lord their God. 1:17 And he will go beforehand, in his sight, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to return the hearts of the fathers back on their children, and the disobedient to return in the prudence of the righteous; to make-ready a prepared people for the Lord.

    1:18 And Zacharias said to the messenger, According to what, shall I know this? For* I am an elderly-man and my wife is advanced in her days.

    1:19 And the messenger answering, said to him, I am Gabriel, who stands in God’s sight, and I was sent to speak to you and to proclaim to you this good-news. 1:20 And behold, you will be silent and not able to speak, till the day that these things should happen, because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their time.

    1:21 And the people were expecting Zacharias and they were marveling at his delaying in the temple. 1:22 But when* he came out, he was not able to speak to them, and they recognized that he had seen a vision in the temple, and he was signaling to them and was remaining mute. 1:23 And it happened, as the days of his ministry* were fulfilled, he went away to his house.


    1:24 Now after these days, Elisabeth his wife conceived, and she was hiding herself for five months, saying, 1:25 Thus the Lord has done to me in the days in which he looked upon me, to take away my reproach among men.


    {Lk 1:26-38 Nazareth 5 BC; no parallel.}

    1:26 Now in the sixth month Gabriel the messenger was sent by God to a city of Galilee, whose name was Nazareth, 1:27 to a virgin who has been engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, from the house of David, and the virgin’s name was Mary. 1:28 And the messenger coming to her, said, Hail! She who has been favored. The Lord is with you. You have been blessed among women. 1:29 But she seeing him, was very disturbed at his speech, and was reasoning what sort of greeting this might be. 1:30 And the messenger said to her, Do not fear, Mary; for* you have found favor with God. 1:31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and will bear a son and will call his name Jesus. 1:32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Highest and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, 1:33 and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and there will be no end of his kingdom.

    1:34 But Mary said to the messenger, How will this be, since I do not know a man?

    1:35 And the messenger answering, said to her, The Holy Spirit will come upon you and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; hence the holy thing being born out of you will also be called the Son of God. 1:36 And behold, Elisabeth your relative, she also has conceived a son in her elderliness, and this is the sixth month with her who was called barren, 1:37 because no declaration from God will be powerless.

    1:38 But Mary said, Behold, the bondservant of the Lord; let it happen to me according to your declaration. And the messenger went away from her.

       {Lk 1:39-80 Hill region of Judea, 5 BC; no parallel.}

    1:39 Now rising* up in these days, Mary traveled diligently into the hill-country, into a city of Judah; 1:40 and entered into the house of Zacharias and greeted Elisabeth. 1:41 And it happened, as Elisabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby jumped in her womb, and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit; 1:42 and she shouted out with a loud voice and said, You have been blessed among women, and the fruit of your womb has been blessed. 1:43 And from where, is this to me, that* the mother of my Lord should come to me? 1:44 For* behold, as the voice of your greeting came* into my ears, the baby jumped in my womb in gladness. 1:45 And she who believed is fortunate, because there will be a completion of the things which have been spoken to her from the Lord.

    1:46 And Mary said, My soul extols the Lord, 1:47 and my spirit was glad in God my Savior. 1:48 Because he has looked upon the humbleness of his bondservant; for* behold, from hereafter all generations will esteem me fortunate. 1:49 Because he who is mighty has done great things to me. And holy is his name. 1:50 And his mercy is toward generations of generations to those who fear him. 1:51 He has made* his dominion known with* his arm. He has scattered the haughty in the perception of their heart. 1:52 He has taken down sovereigns from their thrones and has exalted the humble. 1:53 He has filled the hungry with good things, and he has sent the rich away empty. 1:54 He helped Israel his young-servant, in order to remember his mercy, 1:55 just-as he spoke to our fathers, toward Abraham and his seed forever.


    1:56 Now Mary remained together with her approximately three months and returned to her house.


    1:57 Now Elisabeth’s time was fulfilled that she should bear, and she gave-birth to a son. 1:58 And the dwellers around her, and her relatives, heard that the Lord was magnifying his mercy with her, and they were rejoicing together with her. 1:59 And it happened, that on the eighth day, that they came to circumcise the child, and they were to be calling it upon {i.e. after} the name of his father, Zacharias. 1:60 And his mother answered and said, Not so, but he will be called John.

    1:61 And they said to her, There is none among your relatives who is called by this name. 1:62 But they were signaling to his father, what he might wish him to be called. 1:63 And he asked for a writing-tablet and wrote, saying, His name is John. And they all marveled. 1:64 Now his mouth was instantly opened, and his tongue loosed, and he was speaking, thanking God. 1:65 And fear became upon all those dwelling around them and all these declarations were being talked-about in the whole hill-country of Judea. 1:66 And all who heard them placed them in their heart, saying, What then will this child be? And the hand of the Lord was with him.

    1:67 And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied, saying, 1:68 The Lord, the God of Israel is gracious*. Because he has visited and made* redemption for his people, 1:69 and has lifted up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his young-servant David, 1:70 (just-as he spoke through the mouth of his holy prophets that have been from the ages past). 1:71 We have salvation from our enemies and from the hand of all who hate us; 1:72 to do his mercy with our fathers and to remember his holy covenant*. 1:73 We have the oath which he swore to Abraham our father to give to us, 1:74 fearlessly being rescued out of the hand of our enemies, that we should give-divine service to him 1:75 in holiness and righteousness all the days of our life in his sight. 1:76 And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Highest; for* ‘you will travel before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways.’ {Mal. 3:1} 1:77 You are to give knowledge of salvation to his people in the forgiveness of their sins, 1:78 through the heart* of mercy of our God, in which the rising of light from on high has visited us, 1:79 to appear upon those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death; to steer our feet into the way of peace.


    1:80 Now the child was growing and becoming-powerful in spirit and was in the wildernesses until the day of his public showing to Israel.


[Luke 2] TOC


    {Lk 2:1-20 Bethlehem 5 BC; no parallel.}

    {Augustus, a title, both the Latin form and Greek word ‘sebastos’ are in the Bible (G828, G4575), which are adjectives that means ‘worthy of worship. It is like our Reverend, His Majesty, Your Worship, etc.’ This ‘worthy of worship’ became worse as more and more Emperors took the throne. Even Nero is referred to as the ‘Man of Sin’ in 2Th 2:3. Caesar is our ‘Emperor.’ Adjectives in Greek occur after the noun so by rights this is His Reverend Emperor in Lk 2:1. In Acts 25:2, 5; 27:1 - Augustus here means simply ‘the Emperor’ and translated as such.}

    2:1 Now it happened in those days, a decree went out from Caesar Augustus to register all the inhabited-earth. 2:2 This first census happened when* Quirinius was governor of Syria. 2:3 And all were traveling to register themselves, each one into his own city. 2:4 Now Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was out of the house and family of David; 2:5 to register himself together with Mary, who has been engaged to him as his wife, being pregnant*. 2:6 Now it happened, while* they were there, the days were fulfilled that she should bear; 2:7 and she bore her firstborn son, and she swaddled and laid him in the manger, because there was no place for them in the boarding-house.


    2:8 And there were shepherds in the same region, camping out and observing watches over their flock by night. 2:9 And behold, a messenger of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were very afraid. 2:10 And the messenger said to them, Do not be afraid; for* behold, I proclaim to you* good-news of great joy which will be to all the people, 2:11 because there was born to you* today in the city of David, a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 2:12 And this is the sign to you*: you* will find a swaddled baby, laying in a manger. 2:13 And suddenly, a multitude of the heavenly army praising God happened to be together with the messenger, and saying, 2:14 Glory to God in the highest, and peace upon earth, in men– delight. 2:15 And it happened, as the messengers went away from them into heaven, and the men, the shepherds, said to one another, We should go through, as far as Bethlehem, and let us see this declaration about events that has happened, which the Lord has made known to us!

    2:16 And they came, having hurried, and found both Mary and Joseph and the baby laying in the manger. 2:17 Now having seen this, they made it known concerning the declaration which was spoken to them concerning this child. 2:18 And all who heard it marveled concerning the things which were spoken to them by the shepherds. 2:19 But Mary was keeping all these words to herself, pondering them in her heart. 2:20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God in all the things that they had heard and seen, just-as it was spoken to them.

       {Lk 2:21-39a Temple at Jerusalem 4 BC; no parallel.}

    2:21 And when eight days were fulfilled for circumcising him, his name was called Jesus, which was so called by the messenger before he was conceived in the womb.


    2:22 And when the days of her cleansing according to the Law of Moses were fulfilled, they led him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord {Lev. 12:2 - 6} 2:23 (as it has been written in the Law of the Lord, ‘Every male who opens the womb will be called holy to the Lord’); {Ex. 13:2, 12} 2:24 and to give ‘A couple of turtledoves or two young doves as a sacrifice according to what has been spoken in the Law of the Lord. {Lev. 12:8, 5:11}

    2:25 And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon, and this man was righteous and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 2:26 And it was divinely-spoken to him from the Holy Spirit, that he should not see death, before he should see the Lord’s Christ. 2:27 And he came in the Spirit into the temple while* the parents brought* in the child Jesus, that they might do according to the custom of the law concerning him. 2:28 Then he accepted him into his arms and thanked God and said, 2:29 Now Master, dismiss your bondservant according to your word in peace, 2:30 because my eyes have seen your salvation 2:31 which you have prepared in the face of all peoples. 2:32 He is a light *for revelation of the Gentiles and the glory of your people Israel.

    2:33 And Joseph and his mother were marveling at the things which were spoken concerning him; 2:34 and Simeon gave-thanks for them, and said to Mary his mother, Behold, this child is destined *for the fall and the resurrection of many in Israel, and *for a sign which is spoken against. 2:35 Now, also a sword will go through your own soul; *that reasonings may be revealed out of many hearts.

    2:36 And there was a prophetess, Anna, the daughter of Phanuel, out of the tribe of Asher (she had advanced in many days, having lived with a husband seven years from her virginity, 2:37 and she had been a widow approximately eighty four years), who did not withdraw from the temple, giving-divine service with fasts and supplications night and day. 2:38 And standing up in that same hour, she was fully-professing the Lord and was speaking concerning him to all those who were waiting for the redemption in Jerusalem.

    {Mt 2:19-23 & Lk 2:39b Egypt & Nazareth 4 BC.}

    2:39 And as they had completed all things that were according to the Law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.


    {Lk 2:40-52 Nazareth and Jerusalem 7 or 8 AD.}

    2:40 Now the child was growing and becoming-powerful in spirit, being filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon him.


    2:41 And his parents were traveling yearly to Jerusalem to the feast of the Passover. 2:42 And when he became twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast; 2:43 and having completed the days, while* they were returning, the boy Jesus remained back in Jerusalem, and Joseph and his mother did not know it. 2:44 But supposing him to be in the caravan, they went a day’s journey, and they were seeking him among their relatives and among their acquaintances. 2:45 And having not found him, they returned to Jerusalem, seeking after him.

    2:46 And it happened, after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both hearing them and asking them questions. 2:47 Now all who heard him were astonished at his intelligence and his answers. 2:48 And when* they saw him, they were astounded, and his mother said to him, Son, why have you done so to us? Behold, your father and I were seeking you, sorrowing.

    2:49 And he said to them, Why is it that you* were seeking me? Did you* not know it is essential for me to be in the things of my father? 2:50 And they did not understand the declaration which he spoke to them. 2:51 And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and he was being subject to them and his mother was keeping all these words in her heart.


    2:52 And Jesus was progressing in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.


[Luke 3] TOC


    {Mk 1:1-8 & Mt 3:1-12 & Lk 3:1-18. Judea near Jordan River 25 or 26 AD.}

    3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the government of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being Tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip, Tetrarch of the region made up of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias being Tetrarch of Abilene, 3:2 in the time of Annas and Caiaphas, the high-priests, the declaration of God came* to John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. 3:3 And he came into all the region around the Jordan, preaching the immersion* of repentance toward the forgiveness of sins; 3:4 as it has been written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet, saying, ‘The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare the way of the Lord. Make* his paths straight. 3:5 Every valley will be filled and every mountain and hill will be humbled. And the crooked will become straight and the rough ways, smooth. 3:6 And all flesh will see the salvation of God.’ {Is. 40:3-5}


    3:7 Therefore, he was saying to the crowds that traveled out to be immersed* by him, Offspring of vipers! Who warned you* to flee from the future wrath? 3:8 Therefore produce fruits worthy of repentance and do not begin to say in yourselves, We have Abraham *for our father; for* I say to you*, that God is able to lift up children to Abraham from these stones. 3:9 Now the ax is also already destined *for the root of the trees. Therefore, every tree which is not producing good fruit is cut down and cast into the fire.

    3:10 And the crowds asked him, saying, Then* what shall we do?

    3:11 But answering, he said to them, He who has two tunics, let him give one to him who has none, and he who has food, let him do likewise.

    3:12 Now tax collectors also came to be immersed*, and they said to him, Teacher, what shall we do?

    3:13 Now he said to them, Appropriate no more than what has been appointed for you*.

    3:14 But the active soldiers were also asking him, saying, And we, what shall we do?

    And he said to them, Intimidate no one, nor cheat anyone, and be content with your* rations.


    3:15 But the people are expecting, and all are reasoning in their hearts concerning John, maybe, he might be the Christ; 3:16 John answered, saying to them all, I indeed immerse* you* in water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose shoes I am not sufficient to loose. He will immerse* you* in the Holy Spirit, and with fire; 3:17 whose winnowing fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing floor, and will gather the grain into his barn, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.


    3:18 Therefore indeed, encouraging also with many other things, he was proclaiming the good-news to the people.


    {Mk 1:14a & Mt 4:12 & Lk 3:19-20 & Jn 4:1-4 Judea to Galilee.}

    3:19 But Herod the Tetrarch, being reproved by him concerning Herodias his brother’s wife and concerning all the evil things which Herod had done, 3:20 also added this to them all, and he locked up John in the prison.


    {Mk 1:9-11 & Mt 3:13-17 Lk 3:21-22 Jordan east of Jericho, Spring 27 AD.}

    3:21 Now it happened, while* all the people were immersed*; when* Jesus also was immersed*, and while praying, the heaven was opened, 3:22 and the Holy Spirit came down in bodily form, like a dove upon him, and a voice came* from heaven, saying, You are my beloved Son. I am delighted in you.


    {Mt 1:1-17 & Lk 3:23-28 Genealogy.}

    3:23 And he was approximately thirty years old, when beginning to teach, (as it was supposed, the son of Joseph). Although Jesus, himself was a descendant from Heli, 3:24 from Matthat, from Levi, from Melchi, from Jannai, from Joseph, 3:25 from Mattathias, from Amos, from Nahum, from Esli, from Naggai, 3:26 from Maath, from Mattathias, from Semein, from Joseph, from Joda, 3:27 from Joanan, from Rhesa, from Zerubbabel, from Shealtiel, from Neri, 3:28 from Melchi, from Addi, from Cosam, from Elmadam, from Er, 3:29 from Joses, from Eliezer, from Jorim, from Matthat, from Levi, 3:30 from Symeon, from Judas, from Joseph, from Jonam, from Eliakim, 3:31 from Melea, from Menna, from Mattatha, from Nathan, from David, 3:32 from Jesse, from Obed, from Boaz, from Salmon, from Nahshon, 3:33 from Amminadab, from Ram, from Hezron, from Perez, from Judah, 3:34 from Jacob, from Isaac, from Abraham, from Terah, from Nahor, 3:35 from Serug, from Reu, from Peleg, from Eber, from Shelah, 3:36 from Cainan, from Arphaxad, from Shem, from Noah, from Lamech, 3:37 from Methuselah, from Enoch, from Jared, from Mahalaleel, from Cainan, 3:38 from Enos, from Seth, from Adam, who was from God.


[Luke 4] TOC


    {Mk 1:12-13 & Mt 4:1-11 & Lk 4:1-13.}

    4:1 Now full of the Holy Spirit, Jesus returned from the Jordan, and was being led by the Spirit into the wilderness, 4:2 being tempted by the Devil for forty days. And he ate nothing in those days, and being completed, later he hungered. 4:3 And the Devil said to him, If you are the Son of God, speak to this stone that* it may become bread.

    4:4 And Jesus answered to him, saying, It has been written, ‘Man will not live on bread only, but upon every declaration from God.’ {Deu. 8:3}

    4:5 And the Devil, leading him up into a high mountain, showed him all the kingdoms of the inhabited-earth in an instant of time. 4:6 And the Devil said to him, I will give all this authority, and the glory of them, to you, because it has been given to me, and to whomever I wish it; I give it. 4:7 Therefore, if you worship only in my sight, all this will be yours.

    4:8 And Jesus answering, said to him, Go behind me, Adversary! It has been written, ‘You will worship the Lord your God and you will give-divine service to him only.’ {Deu. 6:13}

    4:9 And he led him to Jerusalem, and stood him upon the pinnacle of the temple and said to him, If you are the Son of God, cast yourself downward from here. 4:10 For* it has been written, ‘He will command his messengers concerning you, to guard you,’ 4:11 and, ‘They will lift you up upon their hands, lest you might hit your foot against a stone.’ {Ps. 91:11-12}

    4:12 And Jesus answering, said to him, It has been spoken, ‘Do not test the Lord your God.’ {Deu. 6:16}

    4:13 And when* the Devil had completed every temptation, he withdrew from him till another time.


    {Lk 4:14a & Jn 4:44-45 Arrival in Galilee.}

    4:14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee.


    {Mk 1:14b-15 & Mt 4:17 & Lk 4:14b-15.}

    And fame went out throughout the whole region around there concerning him. 4:15 And he was teaching in their synagogues, being glorified by all.


    {Lk 4:16-31; no parallel.}

    4:16 And he came to Nazareth, where he was reared up, and according to his custom, he entered into the synagogue on the Sabbath day and stood up to read. 4:17 And the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. And having unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written, 4:18 ‘The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, in that, he anointed me to proclaim the good-news to the poor. He has sent me to heal the crushed in heart, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind, to send forth the downtrodden in deliverance, 4:19 to preach the acceptable year of the Lord.’ {Is. 61:1-2} 4:20 And having furled the scroll and giving it back to the attendant, he sat down, and the eyes of all were staring at him in the synagogue. 4:21 But he began to say to them, This Scripture has been fulfilled today in your* ears.

    4:22 And all were testifying of him, and were marveling at the words of grace which traveled from his mouth, and they were saying, Is this not Joseph’s son?

    4:23 And he said to them, You* will certainly say this parable to me, Physician, heal yourself. We have heard how much had happened in Capernaum, do it here also in your fatherland. 4:24 But he said, Assuredly I say to you*, No prophet is acceptable in his fatherland. 4:25 But in truth I say to you*, There were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heaven was locked for three years and six months, as such there became a large famine over all the land; 4:26 and Elijah was sent to none of them, except to Zarephath, in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow. 4:27 And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, and none of them was cleansed, except Naaman the Syrian.

    4:28 And they were all filled with fury in the synagogue, while hearing these things; 4:29 and they rose* up and cast him forth outside the city, and led him to the brow of the mountain on which their city had been built, *that* they might propel him off the cliff. 4:30 But going through the middle of them, he was traveling away.


    {Mk 1:21-28 & Lk 4:31-37 Capernaum.}

    4:31 And he came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And he was teaching them on the Sabbath day; 4:32 and they were being astounded at his teaching, because his word was with* authority. 4:33 And a man was in the synagogue, who had a spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, 4:34 saying, Ah! What is it to us and to you, Jesus the Nazarene? Have you come to destroy us? I know you, who you are, the Holy One of God.

    4:35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hush and come forth out of him. And when* the demon had tossed him down in the middle of them, he came out of him, having done him no harm.

    4:36 And amazement came* upon all, and they were speaking together with one another, saying, What is this word, because he commands the unclean spirits with* authority and power, and they come out? 4:37 And a rumor was traveling out concerning him, into every place of the region around.


    {Mk 1:29-34 & Mt 8:14-17 & Lk 4:38-41 Capernaum.}

    4:38 Now he rose* up from the synagogue and entered into the house of Simon. Now Simon’s mother-in-law was being held by a great fever, and they asked him concerning her. 4:39 And he stood above her and rebuked the fever, and it left her, and instantly, she rose* up and was serving them.


    4:40 Now at the setting of the sun, all, as many as had anyone sick with various diseases led them toward him, and having laid his hands on each one of them, healed them. 4:41 Now demons were also coming out from many, crying out and saying, You are the Christ, the Son of God. And rebuking them, he was not permitting them to speak, because they knew that he was the Christ.


    {Mk 1:35-39 & Mt 4:23-25 & Lk 4:42-44 Preaching through Galilee.}

    4:42 Now when* it became day, he came out and traveled into a desolate place, and the crowds were seeking him and came to him, and were holding-onto him to not travel away from them. 4:43 But he said to them, It is essential for me to also proclaim the good-news of the kingdom of God to the other cities, because I have been sent to this end.

    4:44 And he was preaching in the synagogues of Galilee.


[Luke 5] TOC


    {Mk 1:16-20 & Mt 4:18-22 & Lk 5:1-11 Sea of Galilee near Capernaum.}

    5:1 Now it happened, while* the crowd jammed against him to hear the word of God, that he was standing by the lake of Gennesaret; 5:2 and he saw two ships standing empty by the lake, but the fishermen, having stepped away from them, were rinsing their nets. 5:3 Now he stepped onto one of the ships, which was Simon’s, and asked him to set-sail a few feet from the land. And he sat down and was teaching the crowds out of the ship. 5:4 Now as he ceased speaking, he said to Simon, Set-sail into the deep and lower your* nets *for a catch.

    5:5 And Simon answering, said to him, Master*, we labored through the whole night and took nothing, but at your declaration I will lower the net. 5:6 And having done this, they locked up together a large multitude of fish, and their net was ripping; 5:7 and they signaled to their companions, those in the other ship, that they should come to help them. And they came and filled both the ships, so-that they are about to be submerged. 5:8 But Simon Peter, when* he saw it, fell down before Jesus’ knees, saying, Go away from me, because I am a man, who is a sinner, O Lord. 5:9 For* amazement engulfed him and all those together with him, at the catch of the fish which they took in; 5:10 and likewise also James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon.

    And Jesus said to Simon, Do not fear; hereafter you will be catching live men. 5:11 And having brought* their ships to land, they left all and followed him.


    {Mk 1:40-45 & Mt 8:2-4 & Lk 5:12-16.}

    5:12 And it happened, while* he was in one of the cities, behold, a man full of leprosy, and seeing Jesus and falling upon his face, he besought of him, saying, Lord, if you are willing, you are able to cleanse me.

    5:13 And he stretched out his hand and touched him, saying, I am willing; be cleansed. And immediately the leprosy went away from him. 5:14 And he commanded him to tell no one, saying, But when* you go away, show yourself to the priest and offer the gift concerning your cleansing, just-as Moses commanded, *for a testimony to them. {Lev. 13:49 and 14:2-4}

    5:15 But the word concerning him was going through the land even more, and large crowds were coming together to hear and to be healed by him from their sicknesses. 5:16 But he was departing by himself in the wilderness and prayed.


    {Mk 2:1-12 & Mt 9:2-8 & Lk 5:17-26.}

    5:17 And it happened on one of those days, that he was teaching, and Pharisees and teachers of the law were sitting by, who had come out of every village of Galilee and Judea and Jerusalem, and the power of the Lord was there, *that* he might heal them.

    5:18 And behold, some men are carrying a man who was paralyzed upon a cot, and they were seeking to bring him in and to place him in his sight. 5:19 And not finding from what way, that they might bring him in because of the crowd, they went up to the housetop and dropped him down through the tiles together with his cot, into the middle, before Jesus. 5:20 And seeing their faith, he said to him, Man, your sins have been forgiven you.

    5:21 And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, Who is this who is speaking blasphemies? Who is able to forgive sins, except God only?

    5:22 But Jesus fully knowing their reasonings, answering, said to them, What are you* reasoning in your* hearts? 5:23 Which is easier, to say, Your sins have been forgiven you; or to say, Arise and walk? 5:24 But in order that you* may know that the Son of Man has authority upon the earth to forgive sins, (he said to him who has been paralyzed), I say to you, Arise and lift up your cot and travel to your house. 5:25 And instantly he stood up in their sight, and lifted up that upon which he had been laying, and went away to his house, glorifying God.

    5:26 And astonishment took all and they were glorifying God, and they were filled with fear, saying, We have seen glorious things today.


    {Mk 2:13-14 & Mt 9:9 & Lk 5:27-28 At or near Capernaum.}

    5:27 And after these things, he went forth and saw a tax collector, Levi by name, sitting at the tax-office and said to him, Follow me. 5:28 And having left all, he stood up and followed him.


    {Mk 2:15-22 & Mt 9:10-17 & Lk 5:29-39 Capernaum.}

    5:29 And Levi made* for himself a large banquet in his house and there was a large crowd of tax collectors and others who were reclining at the meal with them. 5:30 And the Pharisees and their scribes were murmuring to his disciples, saying, Why do you* eat and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?

    5:31 And Jesus answering, said to them, Those who are healthy have no need of a physician, but those who are ill. 5:32 I have not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.

    5:33 But they said to him, Why do the disciples of John fast frequently and are making* supplications; likewise also the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours eat and drink?

    5:34 But he said to them, The sons of the bridal-party {companions or guests} are not able to make themselves fast, inasmuch as the bridegroom is with them, are they? 5:35 But the days will come, whenever the bridegroom is taken away from them, then they will fast in those days.

    5:36 But he also spoke a parable to them: No one puts a patch from a new garment upon an old garment; otherwise, the new and old will split-apart and also the patch from the new will not agree together with the old. 5:37 And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; otherwise, the new wine will burst the old wineskins, and it will be poured out and the wineskins will be destroyed. 5:38 But new wine is put into new wineskins, and both are protected together. 5:39 And no one having drunk old wine, immediately wishes for new; for* he says, The old is smoother.


[Luke 6] TOC


    {Mk 2:23-28 & Mt 12:1-8 & Lk 6:1-5 Jerusalem to Galilee.}

    6:1 Now it happened on a second Sabbath after the first, that he was traveling through the grainfields, and his disciples were plucking the tops, rubbing them in their hands and were eating them. 6:2 But some of the Pharisees said to them, Why are you* doing what is not legal to practice on the Sabbaths?

    6:3 And Jesus answering them said, Have you* not read even this, what David did, when he was hungry, he and those who were with him? 6:4 How he entered into the house of God and took and ate the showbread, and also gave it to those who were with him; which it is not legal to eat, except for the priests only? {1Sam. 21:6} 6:5 And he said to them, The Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.


    {Mk 3:1-6 & Mt 12:9-14 & Lk 6:6-11 Probably Galilee.}

    6:6 Now it happened on a different Sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught, and a man was there, and his right hand was dried up. 6:7 Now the scribes and the Pharisees were observing him, if he will heal him on the Sabbath; that* they might find an accusation against him. 6:8 But he knew their reasonings, and he said to the man having a dried up hand, Arise and stand; you in the middle. Now rising* up, he stood there. 6:9 And Jesus said to them, I ask you* something, Is it legal on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil? To save a life or to destroy it? 6:10 And having looked around on them all, he said to him, Stretch out your hand. Now he did, and his hand was restored like the other. 6:11 But they were filled with madness, and were talking to one another as to what they might do to Jesus.


    {Mk 3:13-19a & Lk 6:12-16 Near Capernaum.}

    6:12 Now it happened in these days, that he went out into the mountain to pray, and he was persisting through the night in prayer to God. 6:13 And when it became day, he summons his disciples, and he chose from them twelve, whom he also named apostles: 6:14 Simon, whom he also named Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James and John and Philip and Bartholomew, 6:15 and Matthew and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus and Simon who was called the Zealot, 6:16 and Judas the son {Or: brother of; See Jude.} of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a betrayer.


    {Mt 5:1 & Lk 6:17-20. Sermon on the mountain.}

    6:17 And he came down with them and stood upon the plain, and with a crowd of his disciples and a large multitude of the people from all Judea and Jerusalem, and the sea-coast of Tyre and Sidon, who came to hear him and to be healed of their diseases; 6:18 and those who were troubled by unclean spirits were being healed. 6:19 And all the crowd was seeking to touch him, because power was coming out from him and was healing them all.


    {Mt 5:2-12 & Lk 6:20-26.}

    6:20 And he lifted up his eyes toward his disciples and said: You* the poor are fortunate, because the kingdom of God is yours*. 6:21 You* who hunger now are fortunate, because you* will be fed. You* who are weeping now are fortunate, because you* will laugh. 6:22 You* are fortunate, whenever men hate you* and whenever they separate* you* from themselves, and may reproach you* and may cast out your* name like evil, because of the Son of Man. 6:23 Rejoice in that day and jump for joy, for* behold your* reward is much in heaven; for* their fathers were doing to the prophets according to the same things.

    6:24 However, woe to you* who are rich, because you* are having your* consolation! 6:25 Woe to you* who have been filled, because you* will hunger! Woe to you* who laugh now, because you* will mourn and weep! 6:26 Woe to you* whenever men speak well of you*, for* their fathers were doing to the false prophets according to the same things!

    {Mt 5:17-48 & Lk 6:27-36.}

    6:27 But I am saying to you* who hear, Love* your* enemies, do good to those who hate you*, 6:28 speak well of those who curse you*, pray on behalf of those who are railing at you*. 6:29 Hold near to him who beats you upon the one jaw, the other also, and from him who takes away your garment, do not forbid him your tunic also. 6:30 Give to everyone who asks you, and from him who takes away what is yours, do not ask for it back.

    {Mt 7:12 & Lk 6:31.}

    6:31 And just-as you* wish that* men may do to you*, you* also, do likewise to them. 6:32 And if you* love* those who love* you*, what gratitude do you* have? For* even sinners love* those who love* them. 6:33 And if you* do good to those who are doing good to you*, what gratitude do you* have? For* even sinners are doing the same. 6:34 And if you* lend to those of whom you* are hoping to receive, what gratitude do you* have? For* even sinners are lending to sinners, that* they might receive equally. 6:35 However, love* your* enemies and do kind things for them and lend, hoping for nothing again. And your* reward will be much, and you* will be sons of the Highest, because he is kind toward the unthankful and evil. 6:36 Therefore, become compassionate, just-as your* Father is also compassionate.

    {Mt 7:1-6 & Lk 6:37-42.}

    6:37 And do not judge and you* may never* be judged; do not sentence others and you* may never* be sentenced; release and you* will be released. 6:38 Give and it will be given to you*, good measure, having been packed-down and shaken together and pouring over, they will give into your* bosom. For* with the same measure you* measure, it will be measured to you* again.


    6:39 Now he also spoke a parable to them: Is a blind person able to guide the blind? Will they not both fall into a ditch? 6:40 The disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone having been matured {i.e. completed the training}, will be like his teacher. 6:41 But why do you see the speck which is in your brother’s eye, but do not consider the beam which is in your own eye? 6:42 Or how are you able to say to your brother, Brother, Allow me, that I may cast out the speck which is in your eye, when* you yourself do not see the beam which is in your own eye? You hypocrite, cast out the beam first out of your own eye, and then you will see precisely to cast out the speck which is in your brother’s eye.


    {Mt 7:13-23 & Lk 6:43-45.}

    6:43 For* there is not a good tree producing rotten fruit; nor is there a rotten tree producing good fruit. 6:44 For* each tree is known from its own fruit. For* men do not collect figs from thorns, nor do they pick a grape-cluster from a bush. 6:45 The good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth what is good, and the evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart brings forth what is evil; for* his mouth speaks out of the abundance of the heart.


    {Mt 7:24-29 & Lk 6:46-49.}

    6:46 Now why are you* calling me, Lord, Lord and yet do not practice the things which I say? 6:47 Everyone who comes to me and hears my words, and is doing them, I will show you* to whom he is similar. 6:48 He is similar to a man building a house, who dug and then deepened and placed its foundation upon the rock, and when* a deluge happened, the river bursts against that house and was not strong-enough to shake it; for* it had been founded upon the rock. 6:49 But he who heard and did not, is similar to a man who built a house upon the earth without a foundation; which the river bursts against, and immediately it fell, and the breakup of that house became great.


[Luke 7] TOC


    {Mt 8:1, 8:5-13 & Lk 7:1-10 Capernaum.}

    7:1 Now since he had fulfilled all his declarations in the ears of the people, he entered into Capernaum. 7:2 Now a certain centurion’s bondservant, who was precious to him, being ill, and was about to die*. 7:3 Now having heard things concerning Jesus, he sent to him elders of the Jews; requesting of him, *that he might come and might save his bondservant. 7:4 Now when* they came to Jesus, they were pleading with him diligently, saying, He is worthy *that you will provide this for him; 7:5 for* he loves* our nation and he built us our synagogue.

    7:6 Now Jesus was traveling together with them. Now already, when* he was not far distant from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying to him, Lord, do not be bothered; for* I am not sufficient that* you should enter under my roof. 7:7 Hence, not even I myself deemed it worthy to come to you, but say it with a word, and my young-servant will be healed. 7:8 For* I am also a man appointed under authority, having soldiers under myself, and I say to this one, Go-onward and he goes-onward, and to another, Come and he comes, and to my bondservant, Do this and he does it.

    7:9 Now having heard these things, Jesus marveled at him and turned and said to the crowd that followed him, I say to you*, I have not found so-great a faith, not even in Israel. 7:10 And those who were sent, returning to the house, found the sick bondservant healthy.


    {Lk 7:11-17 At Nain in Galilee; no parallel.}

    7:11 And it happened on the next day, that he was traveling to a city called Nain, and his considerable number of disciples and a large crowd was traveling together with him. 7:12 Now as he drew near to the gate of the city, behold also, one who had died, was being entombed, the only begotten son of his mother and she was a widow and a considerable crowd from the city were together with her. 7:13 And the Lord, having seen her, had compassion upon her and said to her, Do not weep. 7:14 And he came near and touched the funeral bier, and those bearing it stopped. Now he said, Young-man, I say to you, Arise.

    7:15 And he who was dead sat up and began to speak. And he gave him to his mother. 7:16 Now fear took all and they were glorifying God, saying, A great prophet has arisen among us, and that God has visited his people. 7:17 And this word went forth concerning him in the whole region of Judea, and in all the region around.


    {Mt 11:2-30 & Lk 7:18-35 Galilee.}

    7:18 And the disciples of John reported to him concerning all these things. 7:19 And John, calling to him a certain two of his disciples, sent them to Jesus, saying, Are you he who is coming or are we expecting another?

    7:20 Now when* the men came to him, they said, John the Immerser* has sent us to you, saying, Are you he who is coming or are we expecting another? 7:21 He healed many of diseases and disorders and evil spirits in the same hour, and he granted to many of the blind to see.

    7:22 And Jesus answering, said to them, When* you* travel back, report to John the things which you* have seen and heard; that the blind recover their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed and the mute hear, the dead are raised, the poor have the good-news proclaimed to them. 7:23 And he, whoever is not offended in me, is fortunate.


    7:24 Now when* the messengers of John went away, he began to say to the crowds concerning John, What have you* come out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 7:25 But what have you* come out to see? A man having been dressed-up in soft garments? Behold, those who are in glorious garments and being* in splendor, are in the royal courts. 7:26 But what have you* come out to see? A prophet? Yes, I say to you*, And more-than a prophet. 7:27 This is he concerning whom it has been written, ‘Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way before you. {Mal. 3:1} 7:28 For* I say to you*, Among those born of women there is no prophet greater than John the Immerser*; yet he who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he. 7:29 And all the people and the tax collectors, having heard this, justified God, having been immersed* in the immersion* of John. 7:30 But the Pharisees and the professors of the law rejected the counsel of God *for themselves, having not been immersed* by him. 7:31 Then* to what shall be similar to the men of this generation, and to what are they similar? 7:32 They are similar to children who are sitting in the marketplace and are shouting to one another and saying, We piped to you* and you* did not dance; we mourned for you* and you* did not weep. 7:33 For* John the Immerser* has come neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and you* say, He has a demon. 7:34 The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you* say, Behold, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners! 7:35 And wisdom was justified from all her children.


    {Lk 7:36-50 Galilee; no parallel.}

    7:36 Now someone from the Pharisees asked him, that* he might eat with him. And having entered into the Pharisee’s house, he reclined at a meal. 7:37 And behold, a woman who was in the city, who was a sinner, when* she recognized that he is reclining at a meal in the Pharisee’s house, she fetched an alabaster flask of perfume, 7:38 and standing by his feet behind him, weeping, she began to rain on his feet with her tears and was wiping them with the hairs of her head and was kissing his feet, and was anointing them with the perfume. 7:39 Now when* the Pharisee who had invited him saw it, he spoke with* himself, saying, This one, if he were a prophet, would have known who and what sort of woman this is who is touching him, that she is a sinner.

    7:40 And Jesus answering, said to him, Simon, I have something to say to you.

    But he says, Teacher, say it.

    7:41 There was two debtors to a lender: a certain one was owing five hundred denarii and the other fifty. 7:42 But when* they did not have anything to repay him with, he forgave* them both. Therefore, tell me which of them will love* him most?

    7:43 But Simon answering, said, I am taking it as, he to whom he forgave* the most.

    But he said to him, You have judged correctly.

    7:44 And turning to the woman, he said to Simon, Do you see this woman? I entered into your house, you gave me no water for my feet, but she has rained on my feet with her tears and wiped them with the hairs of her head. 7:45 You gave me no kiss, but, from the time I came in she has continually kissed my feet. 7:46 You did not anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with perfume. 7:47 Because of which, I say to you, Her sins, which are many, have been forgiven, because she loved* much, but to whom few is forgiven, the same loves* few. 7:48 Now he said to her, Your sins have been forgiven.

    7:49 And those who reclined at the meal together with him began to speak with* themselves, Who is this, who forgives even sins?

    7:50 But he said to the woman, Your faith has cured you. Travel in peace.


[Luke 8] TOC


    {Lk 8:1-3 Journeying in Galilee; no parallel.}

    8:1 And it happened afterwards also, that he was traveling through every city and village, preaching and proclaiming the good-news of the kingdom of God and the twelve were together with him, 8:2 and some women who were healed of evil spirits and sicknesses: Mary who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out, 8:3 and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod’s commissioner, and Susanna, and many others who were serving them from their possessions.

    {Mk 4:1-25 & Mt 13:1-23 & Lk 8:4-18 Sea of Galilee.}

    8:4 Now a large crowd was coming together and he spoke through a parable to those who were traveling to him from every city. 8:5 The sower went forth to sow his seed, and while* he sowing, some fell by the road, and it was trampled down and the birds of the heaven devoured it. 8:6 And other fell upon the rock, and when* it sprang up, it dried up, because it had no moisture. 8:7 And other fell in the midst of the thorns, and the thorns sprang up together with it and choked it. 8:8 And other fell into the good soil, and sprang up and produced fruit a hundred-times over. While saying these things, he was shouting, He who has ears to hear, let him hear.

    8:9 But his disciples asked him, saying, What might this parable be about?

    8:10 But he said, It has been given to you* to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, but it is in parables to the rest; that* seeing, they may not see; and hearing, they may not understand. {Is. 6:9} 8:11 Now the parable is this: the seed is the word of God. 8:12 But those by the road are those who hear; thereafter, the Devil comes and takes away the word from their heart, that* they may not believe and be saved. 8:13 But those upon the rock are those who, whenever they hear, accept the word with joy, and these have no root, who for a short time believe, and in time of temptation, withdraw. 8:14 But what fell among the thorns, these are those who have heard, and while* they are going-onward with life, they are choked by anxieties and riches and sensual-delights of this life, and they are not bringing themselves to maturity. 8:15 But that seed in the good soil, these are such as in a good and beautiful heart, having heard the word, hold-onto it and are bearing-fruit with* endurance.


    8:16 Now no one, having lit a lamp, hides it in a vessel or places it underneath a bed, but places it upon a lamp-stand, that* those who travel in may see the light. 8:17 For* there is not anything hid, that will not become apparent; nor anything secret, that will not be known and may come into apparent view. 8:18 Therefore beware, how you* hear; for* whoever has, more will be given to him, and whoever does not have, even what he seems to have will be taken away from him.


    {Mk 3:31-35 & Mt 12:46-50 & Lk 8:19-21.}

    8:19 Now there came to him his mother and brethren, and they were not able to get-close to him because of the crowd. 8:20 And it was reported to him, saying, Your mother and your brethren are standing outside, wishing to see you.

    8:21 But answering, he said to them, My mother and my brethren are those who hear the word of God and are doing it.


    {Mk 4:35-41 & Mt:8:18-27 & Lk 8:22-25 Sea of Galilee.}

    8:22 Now it happened on one of those days, that he stepped onto a ship, himself and his disciples, and he said to them, We should go over to the area beyond-that of the lake. And they set-sail. 8:23 But while* they are sailing, he slept and a gale of wind came down toward the lake, and they were filling with water, and were in peril.

    8:24 Now having come to him, they aroused him, saying, Master*, Master*! We are perishing. But having arisen, he rebuked the wind and the wave of the water, and they ceased, and it became calm.

    8:25 Now he said to them, Where is your* faith?

    But being afraid, they marveled, saying to one another, Who then is this, that he commands even the winds and the water and they are obeying* him?


    {Mk 5:1-21 & Mt 8:28-34 & Lk 8:26-40 Gergesa.}

    8:26 And they sailed down to the region of the Gadarenes, which is opposite Galilee. 8:27 Now when* Jesus had gone forth upon the land, a certain man out of the city met him, who was held by demons, and he had not clothed himself with a garment in a considerable time and was not abiding in any house, but lived in the tombs. 8:28 Now when* he saw Jesus, and having cried out, he fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What is this thing with me and with you, Jesus, Son of the Highest God? I beseech of you. Do not torment me. 8:29 For* he commanded the unclean spirit to come out from the man. For* many times it had seized him, and he was being guarded and bound with chains and shackles, and ripping the bonds, he was being driven by the demon into the wilderness.

    8:30 Now Jesus asked him, saying, What is your name?

    Now he said, Legion. (Because many demons had entered into him.) 8:31 And he was pleading with him that* he might not command them to go away into the abyss. 8:32 Now a considerable herd of swine was there, feeding at the mountain. And he was pleading with him that* he might permit them to enter into those swine. And he permitted them. 8:33 Now the demons having gone out from the man, entered into the swine, and the herd rushed down the cliff into the lake and were choking to death. 8:34 Now when* those who are feeding them saw what had happened, they fled and reported it in the city and in the rural-area. 8:35 Now they went out to see what had happened, and they came to Jesus and found the man, from whom the demons had gone out, sitting, having on garments and sensible, beside the feet of Jesus, and they were afraid. 8:36 But those who saw it reported to them also, how he who was demon-possessed was cured. 8:37 And all the multitude of the region around the Gadarenes asked him to go away from them, because they were being held by great fear, and he stepped into the ship and returned. 8:38 Now the man from whom the demons had gone out of, was beseeching to be together with him.

    But Jesus dismissed him, saying, 8:39 Return to your house, and describe how-much God has done for you. And he went away, preaching down through the whole city how much Jesus had done to him.


    8:40 Now it happened while* Jesus was returning, the crowd accepted him; for* they were all expecting him.

    {Mk 5:22-43 & Mt 9:18-26 & Lk 8:41-56 Capernaum.}

    8:41 And behold, a man whose name was Jairus came, and he possessed the office of ruler of the synagogue, and he fell beside Jesus’ feet and was pleading with him to come into his house; 8:42 because there was to him an only begotten daughter, approximately twelve years old, and she was dying. But while* he was going, the crowds were too close, choking him.


    8:43 And a woman, having a flowing of blood twelve years, who had consumed her whole livelihood upon physicians, was not strong-enough to be healed by anyone. 8:44 She came behind him and touched the hem of his garment, and instantly, the flowing of her blood stopped. 8:45 And Jesus said, Who touched my garment?

    But when* all denied, Peter and those with him said, Master*, the crowds are crowding against you, and are pressing against you and you say, Who touched my garment?

    8:46 But Jesus said, Someone touched me; for* I knew that power had gone forth from me.

    8:47 Now when* the woman saw that she was not eluding him, she came trembling, and having fallen down before him, reported to him in the sight of all the people, because of what cause she touched him and how she was healed instantly.

    8:48 Now he said to her, Have courage daughter, your faith has cured you; travel in peace.


    8:49 While still speaking, someone from the ruler of the synagogue’s house comes, saying, Your daughter has died; do not bother the Teacher.

    8:50 But Jesus hearing it, answered him, saying, Do not fear. Only believe and she will be cured. 8:51 Now having entered into the house, he allowed no one to enter it, except Peter and John and James, and the father and the mother of the child. 8:52 Now all were weeping and grieving her. But he said, Do not weep; she is not dead, but is sleeping. 8:53 And they were laughing at him, knowing that she was dead. 8:54 But he, having cast everyone outside and taking-hold of her hand, shouted, saying, Child, arise. 8:55 And her spirit returned, and she rose* up instantly, and he commanded that something be given to her to eat. 8:56 Now her parents were astonished, but he commanded them to tell no one what had happened.


[Luke 9] TOC


    {Mk 6:6b-13 & Mt 9:35-10:42 & Lk 9:1-6 Third circuit of Galilee.}

    9:1 Now he called the twelve together, and gave them power and authority over all demons and to heal diseases. 9:2 And he sent them forth to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick. 9:3 And he said to them, Take nothing *for your* journey, neither staffs, nor knapsack, nor bread, nor silver; nor to have two tunics apiece. 9:4 And into whatever house you* enter, remain there and then go forth from there. 9:5 And as many as may not accept you*, when* you* go forth from that city, shake-off even the dust from your* feet *for a testimony against them. 9:6 Now going out, they were going throughout the villages, proclaiming the good-news and healing everywhere.


    {Mk 6:14-29 & Mt 14:1-12 & Lk 9:7-9.}

    9:7 Now Herod the Tetrarch heard of all the things happening by him, and was perplexed, because it was said by some, that John has been raised from the dead; 9:8 and by some, that Elijah had appeared, and by others, that one of the ancient prophets had risen*. 9:9 And Herod said, I beheaded John, but who is this, concerning whom I am hearing such things? Now he was seeking to see him.


    {Mk 6:30-32 & Mt 14:13 & Lk 9:10 & Jn 6:1 East shore of Galilee.}

    9:10 And the apostles, having returned, described to him how-much they had done. Now he took them and departed privately into a desolate place of a city called Bethsaida.


    {Mk 6:33-44 & Mt 14:14-21 & Lk 9:11-17 & Jn 6:2-14.}

    9:11 But the crowds, having known it, followed him, and having accepted them, he was speaking to them concerning the kingdom of God, and he was healing those who had need of healing. 9:12 Now the day began to be far-spent, and the twelve came and said to him, Dismiss the crowd, that* they may go into the villages and the surrounding rural-area, and may board and may find nutrition, because we are here in a wilderness place.

    9:13 But he said to them, You*, give them something to eat.

   But they said, We have no more than five loaves and two fish; lest we indeed may travel and may buy food *for all of these people. 9:14 For* they were approximately five thousand men.

    Now he said to his disciples, Have them recline in parties, approximately fifty apiece. 9:15 And they did so and made* them all recline. 9:16 Now he took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he gave-thanks and broke them, and was giving them to the disciples to place beside the crowd. 9:17 And they ate and all were fed, and twelve baskets of broken pieces were lifted up, what was leftover from them eating.


    {Mk 8:27-30 & Mt 16:13-20 & Lk 9:18-21 Caesarea Philippi.}

    9:18 And it happened, while he was praying alone, the disciples were together with him and he asked them, saying, Who do the crowds say that I am?

    9:19 But they answering, said, John the Immerser*, but others say, Elijah, and others, that someone from the ancient prophets has risen*.

    9:20 But he said to them, But who do you* say that I am?

    But Peter answering, said, The Christ of God.

    {Mk 8:31-9:1 & Mt 16:21-28 & Lk 9:22-27 Caesarea Philippi.}

    9:21 But he rebuked and commanded them to tell this to no one, 9:22 saying, It is essential for the Son of Man to suffer many things, and to be rejected* by the elders and high-priests and scribes, and be killed and rise in the third day.


    9:23 Now he said to all, If anyone wishes to come after me, let him deny himself, and lift up his cross and follow me. 9:24 For* whoever wishes to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life because of me, this one will save it. 9:25 For* what is a man profited, having gained the whole world, but has lost or forfeited himself? 9:26 For* whoever is ashamed of me, and of my words, the Son of Man will be ashamed of him whenever he comes in his own glory, and the glory of the Father and of the holy messengers. 9:27 But I tell you* truly, There are some of those who are standing here, who may never* taste of death, until they should see the kingdom of God.


    {Mk 9:2-13 & Mt 17:1-13 & Lk 9:28-36 Caesarea Philippi.}

    9:28 Now it happened approximately eight days after these words, that he took with him Peter and John and James, and went up into the mountain to pray. 9:29 And while* he was praying, the form of his face was a different form, and his garments became white and dazzling. 9:30 And behold, two men were speaking together with him here, who were Moses and Elijah; 9:31 who appeared in glory, and were telling of his exodus which he was about to fulfill in Jerusalem. 9:32 Now Peter and those who were together with him were heavy with sleep, but then thoroughly awaken, saw his glory and the two men standing together with him.

    9:33 And it happened, while* they were separating from him, Peter said to Jesus, Master*, it is good for us to be here, and we should make* three tabernacles: one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah; (not knowing exactly what he said).

    9:34 Now while saying these things, there became a cloud and overshadowed them, and they feared while* those men were entering into the cloud. 9:35 And a voice came* out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son; hear him. 9:36 And while* the voice happened, Jesus was found alone. And they were silent and reported to no one in those days, any of the things which they had seen.


    {Mk 9:14-29 & Mt 17:14-21 & Lk 9:37-43 Region of Caesarea Philippi.}

    9:37 Now it happened, on the next day, having come down from the mountain, a large crowd met him. 9:38 And behold, a man from the crowd cried, saying, Teacher, I beseech of you to look upon my son, because he is my only begotten child. 9:39 And behold, a spirit takes him and he suddenly cries out, and it convulses him with foaming from the mouth, and it departs from him with difficulty, bruising him. 9:40 And I besought of your disciples that* they might cast it out, and they were not able.

    9:41 And answering, Jesus said, O unbelieving and perverse generation, until when will I be with you* and tolerate you*? Bring* your son here. 9:42 But while coming near, the demon ripped at him and convulsed him. But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, and healed the boy and gave him back to his father.

    {Mk 9:30-32 & Mt 17:22-23 & Lk 9:43-45 Return to Galilee.}

    9:43 Now they were all being astounded at the majesty of God.

    But while all were marveling upon all the things which Jesus did, he said to his disciples, 9:44 Place these words into your* ears; for* the Son of Man is about to be given up into the hands of men. 9:45 But they were not considering this declaration, and it was hiding from them, that* they might not comprehend it, and they were afraid to ask him concerning this declaration.


    {Mk 9:33-50 & Mt 18:1-14 & Lk 9:46-50 Sept. 29 AD.}

    9:46 Now there entered a reasoning among them, whoever of them was the greater. 9:47 But when* Jesus saw the reasoning of their heart, he took a little child and stood him beside himself, 9:48 and said to them, Whoever accepts this little child in my name accepts me, and whoever accepts me, accepts him who sent me; for* he who is* least among you* all, this one will be great.


    9:49 But John answering, said, Master*, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we did forbid him, because he is not following after us. 9:50 But Jesus said to him, Do not forbid him; for* he who is not against us, is fighting on our behalf.


    {Lk 9:51-56 & Jn 7:10; Samaria, Sept: 29 AD.}

    9:51 Now it happened, when* the days were being fulfilled of his taking up, he established his face to travel to Jerusalem, 9:52 and sent messengers before his face, and they traveled and entered into a village of the Samaritans, so-then to prepare for him. 9:53 But they did not accept him, because his face was established to be traveling to Jerusalem.

    9:54 Now when* his disciples James and John saw this, they said, Lord, do you will that we should tell the fire to come down from heaven and consume them as Elisha also did?

    9:55 But he turned and rebuked them, and said, You* do not know of what spirit you* are. 9:56 For* the Son of man did not come to destroy the lives of men, but to save them.


    {Lk 9:56b-62; no parallel. Similar: Mt 8:20-22}

    And they traveled to a different village. 9:57 Now it happened while traveling on the road, a certain man said to him, I will follow you wherever you go, Lord.

    9:58 And Jesus said to him, The foxes have burrows and the birds of the heaven have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere that he may bow his head.

    9:59 But he said to a different one, Follow me.

    But he said, Lord, permit me first to go and bury my father.

    9:60 But Jesus said to him, Leave the dead to bury their own dead, but you go and thoroughly proclaim the kingdom of God.

    9:61 But a different one also said, I will follow you, Lord, but permit me first to bid farewell to those who are in my house.

    9:62 But Jesus said to him, No one, having put his hand upon the plow and looking behind, is fit *for the kingdom of God.


[Luke 10] TOC


    {Lk 10:1-24; Probably Judea, Oct: 29 AD; no parallel.}

    10:1 Now after these things, the Lord also delegated seventy others, and sent them up two by two into every city and place before his face, where he himself was about to go. 10:2 Therefore he said to them, The harvest is indeed large, but the workers are few, therefore beseech of the Lord of the harvest, *that he should put out workers into his harvest. 10:3 Go, behold, I am sending you* forth like lambs in the midst of wolves. 10:4 Bear no money-bag, no knapsack, no shoes, and greet no one on the road. 10:5 Now into whatever house you* enter, say first, Peace be to this house. 10:6 And if a son of peace is there, your* peace will rest upon it, otherwise it will revisit you*. 10:7 Now abide in that same house, eating and drinking such things as they give; for* the worker is worthy of his wages. Do not proceed from house to house.

    10:8 And into whatever city you* enter, and if they accept you*, eat such things as are placed beside you*; 10:9 and heal the sick who are in it and say to them, The kingdom of God has drawn near to you*. 10:10 But into whatever city you* enter, and if they do not accept you*, go out into its streets and say, 10:11 Even the dust from your* city, that was stuck to our feet, we wipe off at you*. However, know this, that the kingdom of God has drawn near to you*. 10:12 I say to you*, It will be more tolerable in that day for Sodom, than for that city.

    10:13 Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! Because if the miracles had happened in Tyre and Sidon, which have happened in you*, they would have repented long-ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. 10:14 However it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the judgment, than for you*. 10:15 And you, Capernaum, who has been exalted to heaven. You will step down to Hades. 10:16 He who hears you*, hears me; and he who is rejecting you*, rejects me; and he who rejects me, rejects him who sent me.


    10:17 Now the seventy returned with joy, saying, Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name.

    10:18 But he said to them, I was viewing the Adversary falling like lightning from heaven. 10:19 Behold, I am giving you* authority to trample down serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and you* may never* be hurt by anything. 10:20 However, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you*, but rejoice that your* names are written in the heavens.


    10:21 Jesus was glad in the spirit in that same hour, and said, I profess you, O Father, Lord of the heaven and the earth, because you hid these things from the wise and intelligent, and revealed them to infants. Yes Father, because thus it became a delight before you.

    10:22 And having turned to the disciples, he said, All things have been given to me by my Father, and no one knows who the Son is, except the Father, and who the Father is, except the Son and he to whomever the Son wills to reveal him.

    10:23 And having turned to the disciples, he said privately, The eyes which see what you* see are fortunate. 10:24 For* I say to you*, that many prophets and kings wished to see the things which you* are seeing and did not see them, and to hear the things which you* are hearing and did not hear them.


    {Lk 10:25-37; Probably Judea; no parallel.}

    10:25 And behold, a certain professor of the law stood up, testing him and saying, Teacher, what shall I do to inherit everlasting life?

    10:26 But he said to him, What has been written in the law? How do you read it?

    10:27 But answering, he said, ‘You will love* the Lord your God from your whole heart and from your whole soul and from your whole strength and from your whole mind, and your neighbor like yourself.’ {Deu. 6:5 & Lev. 19:18}

    10:28 But he said to him, You have answered correctly. Do this and you will live.

    10:29 But he, wishing to justify himself, said to Jesus, And who is my neighbor?

    10:30 But Jesus, having taken it in, said, A certain man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who both stripped him and laid wounds on him. They went away, leaving him, being half dead. 10:31 But by coincidence, a certain priest was going down on that road, and when* he saw him, he evaded him. 10:32 Now likewise, a Levite also happened to be in the place, when* he came and saw him, he evaded him too. 10:33 But a certain traveling Samaritan came to him, and having seen him, had compassion. 10:34 And having come near to him, he bound up his trauma, pouring on them oil and wine, and having mounted him upon his own animal, led him to an inn and cared for him. 10:35 And upon the next-day, going out, he took out two denarii and gave them to the innkeeper and said, Care for him, and if you spend anything over that, I will repay you when* I come back again. 10:36 Therefore, which one of these three seems to have become a neighbor to him who fell among the robbers?

    10:37 Now he said, He who did an act of mercy with him.

    Therefore, Jesus said to him, Go-onward, and you, do likewise!


    {Lk 10:38-42; Bethany, near Jerusalem; no parallel.}

    10:38 But it happened while* they were also traveling, he entered into a certain village, and a certain woman, Martha by name, accepted him into her house. 10:39 And she was a sister to one called Mary, who also sat beside the feet of Jesus and was hearing his word. 10:40 But Martha was being distracted concerning much, serving them, and she standing by him, said, Lord, do you not care that my sister left me to serve alone? Therefore speak to her that* she may jointly help me.

    10:41 But Jesus answering, said to her, Martha, Martha, you are anxious and disturbed concerning many things, 10:42 but there is need of one thing, and Mary has chosen the good part, which will not be taken away from her.


[Luke 11] TOC


    {Lk 11:1-13:9; Probably Judea; no parallel. This is similar teaching to different crowd.}

    {Similar: Mt 6:9-13; Lk 11:1-5}

    11:1 And it happened, while* he was praying in a certain place, that as he ceased, someone from his disciples said to him, Lord, teach us to pray, just-as John also taught his disciples.

    11:2 Now he said to them, Whenever you* pray, say, Our Father, who is in the heavens, let your name be sanctified. Let your kingdom come. Let your will happen as in heaven, also upon the earth. 11:3 Give our {F} needful daily bread to us. 11:4 And forgive us our sins; for* we ourselves also forgive everyone who is obligated to us. And do not bring us into temptation, but rescue us from the evil one.


    11:5 And he said to them, Which out of you* will have a friend, and will travel to him at midnight and may say to him, Friend, lend me three loaves, 11:6 since a friend has come to me from a journey, and I have nothing as to what I will place beside him. 11:7 And he will answer from inside and should say, Do not be harassing me. The door has already been locked and my children are in the bunk with me. I am not able to give to you bread, even if I rise* up. 11:8 I say to you*, Even if he will not rise* and give to him because he is his friend, yet because of his irreverence, he will arise and give him as many as he needs.

    {Similar: Mt 7:7-11, Lk 11:9-13}

    11:9 And I say to you*, Ask and it will be given to you*; seek and you* will find; knock and it will be opened to you*. 11:10 For* everyone who asks, receives; and he who is seeking, finds; and to him who knocks, it will be opened. 11:11 Now which father of you* will the son ask for a loaf; he will not give him a stone, will he? Or also a fish, he will not give him a serpent instead of a fish, will he? 11:12 Or if he asks for an egg, he will not give him a scorpion, will he? 11:13 Therefore if you*, possessing evil, know how to give good presents to your* children, how much more will your* Father from heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him?


    {Similar: Mt 12:22-37, Mk 3:22-26, Lk 11:14-23}

    11:14 Now he was casting out a demon and it was mute. And it happened, when* the demon had gone out, the mute man spoke, and the crowds marveled. 11:15 But some out of them said, He is casting out demons by Beelzebub the ruler of the demons. 11:16 But others, testing him, were seeking a sign from heaven from him.

    11:17 But he, knowing their minds, said to them, Every kingdom divided against itself is made desolate, and a house divided against a house falls. 11:18 But if the Adversary is also divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand? Because you* say that I cast out demons by Beelzebub. 11:19 But if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your* sons cast them out? Because of this, they will be your* judges. 11:20 But if I cast out demons by the finger of God; consequently*, the kingdom of God has arrived-unexpectedly upon you*.

    11:21 Whenever the fully armed strong man is guarding his own courtyard, his possessions are in peace. 11:22 But whenever the one mightier than him, having come upon him and then, overcomes him, he takes away his full-armor upon which he had confidence in, and distributes his haul. 11:23 He who is not with me is against me, and he who is not gathering with me, scatters.

    {Similar: Mt 12:43-45, Lk 11:14-28}

    11:24 The unclean spirit, whenever it has come out of the man, goes through waterless places, seeking rest, and finding none, it says, I will turn back to my house from where I came out. 11:25 And having come back, he finds that it has been swept and adorned. 11:26 Then it travels and takes with it seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they come and dwell there and the last state of that man becomes worse than the first.


    11:27 Now it happened, while* he said these things, a certain woman out of the crowd lifted up her voice and said to him, The womb bearing you, and the breasts which you nursed, are fortunate.

    11:28 But he said, But-rather, those who hear the word of God and are observing it, are fortunate.


    {Similar: Mt 12:38-42, Lk 11:29-32}

    11:29 Now when* the crowds accumulated, he began to say, This generation is an evil generation. It is seeking after a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet. 11:30 For* just-as Jonah the prophet became a sign to the Ninevites, so the Son of Man will also be to this generation. 11:31 The queen of the south will have arisen up with the men of this generation in the judgment, and will condemn them, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, more-than Solomon is here. 11:32 The men of Nineveh will stand up in the judgment with this generation, and will condemn it, because they repented from the preaching of Jonah, and behold, more-than Jonah is here.


    {Similar: Mt 5:5, 6:22-23, Lk 11:33-36}

    11:33 No one, having lit a lamp, places it in a cellar, nor under the peck container, but upon the lamp-stand, that* those who travel in may see the radiance of it. 11:34 The lamp of the body is the eye; therefore, whenever your eye is clear, your whole body is also radiant, but whenever it is evil, your body is also dark. 11:35 Therefore, note that the light which is in you is not darkness. 11:36 Therefore, if your whole body is radiant, not having any part dark, it will be entirely radiant, as whenever the lamp illuminates you with its rays.


    {Similar: Mt 23:1-39, Lk 11:37-54}

    11:37 Now while* he was speaking, a certain Pharisee asked him, *that he might have supper with him, and having entered, he leaned-back at the table. 11:38 Now when* the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first bathed himself before a meal. 11:39 But the Lord said to him, Now you*, the Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter, but the inside of you* is full from swindling and wickedness. 11:40 Fools, he who made* the outside, did he not also make* the inside? 11:41 However, the things which are within you*, give those as charity, and behold, all things are clean to you*.

    11:42 But woe to you* Pharisees! Because you* tithe mint and rue and every herb, and are passing over justice and the love* of God. These things you* ought to have done and not to leave the others undone. 11:43 Woe to you* Pharisees! Because you* love* the foremost seat in the synagogues and the greetings in the marketplaces. 11:44 Woe to you* scribes, and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you* are like the indistinct tombs, and the men who are walking upon them do not know it.


    11:45 Now someone of the professors of the law, answering, says to him, Teacher, you are also insulting us in saying these things.

    11:46 But he said, Woe also to you* professors of the law! Because you* are loading men down with unbearable loads, and you* yourselves do not stroke the loads with one of your* fingers. 11:47 Woe to you*! Because you* build the tombs of the prophets and your* fathers killed them. 11:48 Consequently*, you* are testifying and consenting to the works of your* fathers, because they indeed killed them, and you* build their tombs. 11:49 Because of this, the wisdom of God also said, I will send to them prophets and apostles, and some out of them they will kill and banish; 11:50 that* the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the conception of the world, may be sought from this generation; 11:51 from the blood of Abel {Gen. 4:8} to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar and the House of the Lord. {Zech. 1:7?} Yes, I say to you*, It will be sought from this generation. 11:52 Woe to you* professors of the law! Because you* took away the key of knowledge. You* did not enter in yourselves, and you* forbid those who were entering.


    11:53 Now while saying these things to them, the scribes and the Pharisees began terribly to hold everything against him, and to quiz him for unrehearsed answers concerning many things; 11:54 plotting against him, seeking to trap him in something out of his mouth, in order that they might accuse him.


    {Footnotes: Lk 11:3, no one knows for sure what the original word means. It is only in the N.T. twice and no where else.}


[Luke 12] TOC


    {Similar: Mt 10:26-33, Lk 12:2-12}

    12:1 At which time, when* ten-thousand from the crowd were gathered together, so-that they trampled down one another, he began to say to his disciples first, Take-heed of yourselves of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.

    12:2 But nothing is covered up, that will not be revealed; or secret, that will not be known. 12:3 Because as many things as you* have said in the darkness will be heard in the light, and what you* have spoken in the ear in the storerooms will be preached upon the housetops.

    12:4 But I am saying to you* my friends, Do not be afraid of those who kill the body and they do not have, after these things, anything more-than that to do against you*. 12:5 But I will show you* whom you* should fear. Fear him, who after he has killed you, has authority to cast you* into hell. Yes, I say to you*, Fear him.

    12:6 Are not five sparrows sold for two copper coins? And not one out of them has been forgotten in God’s sight. 12:7 But even the hairs of your* head have all been numbered. Therefore do not fear. You* carry more-value than many sparrows.

    12:8 Now I say to you*, Everyone– whomever confesses to be in me before men, the Son of Man will also confess to be in him before the messengers of God. 12:9 But he who is denying me in the sight of men will be denied in the sight of the messengers of God.

    12:10 And everyone who will speak a blasphemous word at the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him, but to him who has blasphemed at the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven.

    12:11 But whenever they bring you* in front of the synagogues and the rulers and the authorities, do not be anxious concerning how, or what you* may need to make a defense, or what you* should say, 12:12 for* the Holy Spirit will teach you* in that same hour what you* ought to say.


    12:13 Now someone out of the crowd said to him, Teacher, tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me.

    12:14 But he said to him, Man, who designated me a justice or a divider over you?

    12:15 Now he said to them, See and guard yourselves from greed, because to not anyone is his life in the abundance of his possessions.

    12:16 Now he spoke a parable to them, saying: The region of a certain rich man was fertile; 12:17 and he was reasoning with* himself, saying, What should I do, because I have nowhere, in which, I will gather together my fruits? 12:18 And he said, I will do this: I will take down my barns and build greater ones. And I will gather together there, all my fruits of labor and my good things. 12:19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, you have many good things laid up *for many years; rest yourself, eat, drink, and be joyous.

    12:20 But God said to him, Fool, your soul is asked back from you in this night, and the things which you prepared, whose will they be? 12:21 So is he who is storing up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.


    {Similar: Mt 6:25-33, Lk 12:22-31}

    12:22 Now he said to his disciples, Because of this, I am saying to you*, Do not be anxious for your* life, what you* might eat; nor yet what you* might clothe your* body with. 12:23 The life you* have is more-than the nourishment, and the body is more-than the clothing. 12:24 Consider the ravens, that they do not sow nor reap; they have no storeroom nor a barn, and God nourishes them. How much more-value do you* carry than the birds! 12:25 But which one out of you*, by being anxious, is able to add one cubit to his stature? 12:26 Therefore, if you* are not able to do even what is least, why are you* anxious concerning the rest? 12:27 Consider the lilies, somehow they grow. They do not labor nor do they spin; yet I say to you*, Even Solomon in all his glory, was not dressed like one of these. 12:28 But if God so dresses-up the grass in the field, which today is here and the next-day is cast into the oven; how much more will he clothe you*, You* of small faith? 12:29 And do not seek what you* might eat or what you* might drink, and do not be in anxious suspense. 12:30 For* the nations of the world are seeking after all these things, but your* Father knows that you* have need of these things. 12:31 However, seek the kingdom of God and all these things will be added to you*. 12:32 Do not fear, little flock, because your* Father was delighted to give you* the kingdom. 12:33 Sell your* possessions and give as charity; make* for yourselves money-bags which do not become-obsolete, an unfailing treasure in the heavens, where no thief draws near, nor moth corrupts. 12:34 For* where your* treasure is, your* heart will be there also.


    12:35 Let your* loins be girded, and your* lamps burning; 12:36 and you* yourselves are similar to men waiting for their lord, as to whenever he vacates from the marriage feast; that*, when he has come and knocks, they may immediately open to him. 12:37 Those bondservants are fortunate, whom the lord, when* he comes, will find watching. Assuredly I say to you*, that he will gird himself, and have them recline at the meal, and will come and serve them. 12:38 And if he comes in the second watch, and if in the third, and may find them so, those bondservants are fortunate. 12:39 But know this, that if the householder knew in what hour the thief was coming, he would have watched, and would not have left his house roof to be burrowed through. 12:40 You* therefore, also become prepared, because in an hour that you* do not think the Son of Man is coming, he comes.


    12:41 Now Peter said to him, Lord, do you speak this parable to us, or even to all?

    12:42 But the Lord said, Who then is the faithful and prudent steward, whom his lord will designate over his bondservants, to give them their food-allowance in season? 12:43 That bondservant is fortunate, whom his lord will find so doing when he has come. 12:44 Truly I say to you*, that he will designate him over all his possessions. 12:45 But if that bondservant says in his heart, my lord delays his coming, and may begin to beat the young-servants and the maidservants, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken; 12:46 the lord of that bondservant will come in a day in which he is not expecting, and in an hour in which he does not know, and will flog him and place his part with the unbelieving. 12:47 But that bondservant, who knew his lord’s will and did not prepare, nor did according to his will, will be whipped with many lashes; 12:48 but he who did not know and did things worthy of lashes, will be whipped with few lashes. But to whomever much is given, much will be required of him, and to whom they consign much, they will ask even-more of him.


    12:49 I came to cast fire into the earth, and what do I wish, if it is already lit? 12:50 But I have an immersion* to be immersed* in, and how I am so troubled until it should be completed! 12:51 You* are thinking that I have come to give peace in the earth? I tell you*, No, but rather division. 12:52 For* there will be from hereafter five in one house having been divided, three against two, and two against three. 12:53 Father will be divided against son, and son against father; mother against daughter, and daughter against her mother; mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.


    12:54 Now he also said to the crowds, Whenever you* see the cloud rising from the west, immediately you* say, A thunderstorm is coming, and so it happens. 12:55 And whenever you* see a south wind blowing, you* say, There will be a burning heat, and it happens. 12:56 You* hypocrites, you* know how to decipher {Greek: test} the face of the earth and the heaven, but how do you* not decipher {Greek: test} this time? 12:57 But why are you* not judging what is right, even from yourselves? 12:58 For* as you are going on the road with your opponent to be in front of the ruler, work hard {Greek: give work} to be set-free of him; lest he might drag you down to the judge and the judge might give you to the constable and the constable might cast you into prison. 12:59 I say to you, You may never* come out from there, until you should have repaid even the last bronze-coin.


[Luke 13] TOC


    13:1 Now there were some here at the same time reporting to him concerning the Galileans, whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices. 13:2 And Jesus answering, said to them, Do you* think that these Galileans became sinners above all the other Galileans, because they have suffered these things? 13:3 I tell you*, No, but, if you* do not repent, you* will all likewise* perish. 13:4 Or those eighteen, upon whom the tower in Siloam fell and killed, do you* think that those became debtors above all other men who are dwelling in Jerusalem? 13:5 I tell you*, No, but, if you* do not repent, you* will all likewise perish.


    13:6 Now he spoke this parable: A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and he came seeking fruit in it and found none. 13:7 Now he said to the vine-dresser, Behold three years, I come seeking fruit and find none in this fig tree. Cut it down. Why does it also do-away-with the good soil?

    13:8 But answering, he says to him, Lord, Also leave it this year, until I should dig around it and put in manure; 13:9 and if it indeed produces fruit in the future, good; otherwise you will cut it down.


    {Lk 13:10-17:10; Probably Peraea; no parallel. This is similar teaching but a different crowd.}

    13:10 Now he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath day. 13:11 And behold, there was a woman who had a spirit of sickness for eighteen years, and she was always stooped over and was not able to completely stand-erect. 13:12 Now when* Jesus saw her, he summoned her and said to her, Woman, you have been loosed from your sickness. 13:13 And he laid his hands upon her and instantly she was straightened and was glorifying God.

    13:14 Now the ruler of the synagogue, being indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, answering, said to the crowd, There are six days in which men ought to work; therefore be healed, coming in here these days and not on the day of the Sabbath.

    13:15 Therefore the Lord answered him and said, You* hypocrites, does not each of you* on the Sabbath loose his bull or his donkey from the manger and having led him away, give it a drink? 13:16 Now this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom the Adversary had bound, behold, these eighteen years, is it not essential for her to have been loosed from this bond on the day of the Sabbath?

    13:17 And while saying these things, all who laid in opposition to him, they were being shamed, and all the crowd was rejoicing at all the glorious things which happened by him.


    {Similar: Mt 13:31-32, Mk 4:30-32, Lk 13:18-19}

    13:18 Now he said, The kingdom of God is similar to what? And what shall I make it similar to? 13:19 It is similar to a kernel of a mustard-seed, which a man took and cast into his own garden, and it grew and became a great tree, and the birds of the heaven nested in its branches.

    13:20 Again he said, The kingdom of God shall be similar to what? 13:21 It is similar to leaven, which a woman took and hid in three three-gallon containers of flour, until it was entirely leavened.


    {Lk 13:22-35; Peraea; Lk 14:1-24 Probably Peraea; Lk 14:25-17:10; no parallels.}

    13:22 And he was traveling throughout the cities and villages, teaching and making* his pursuit toward Jerusalem. 13:23 Now someone said to him, Lord, if only those few are saved?

    But he said to them, 13:24 Struggle to enter in through the narrow gate, because I say to you*, Many will seek to enter in and will not be strong-enough. 13:25 From whenever time the householder arose and locked the door and you*, being outside, may begin to stand and to knock on the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us.

    And answering, he will say to you*, I do not know you* or where you* are from.

    13:26 Then you* will begin to say, We ate and drank in your sight and you taught in our streets.

    13:27 And he will say, I say to you*, I do not know you* or where you* are from. Withdraw from me, everyone– the workers of unrighteousness. 13:28 The weeping and the gnashing of teeth will be there, whenever you* see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, and yourselves cast forth outside. 13:29 And they will come from the east and west and north and south, and will recline in the kingdom of God. 13:30 And behold, there are last who will be first and there are first who will be last.


    13:31 Some Pharisees came in that same day, saying to him, Come out and travel from here, because Herod wishes to kill you*.

    13:32 And he said to them, Travel to and say to that fox, Behold, I cast out demons and perform healings today and the next-day and I am completed in the third day. 13:33 However it is essential for me to travel on today and the next-day and in the next day, because it is not acceptable for a prophet to perish outside of Jerusalem.

    {Similar: Mt 23:37-39, Lk 13:34-35}

    13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who have been sent to her! How-often I wished to have gathered your children together in the manner a bird gathers her own brood under her wings, and you* did not wish for it! 13:35 Behold, your* house is left to you* desolate and I say to you*, that you* may never* see me, until the time will come whenever you* say, He who is coming in the name of the Lord have been blessed.


[Luke 14] TOC


    14:1 And it happened, while* he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, that they themselves were observing him. 14:2 And behold, there was before him, a certain man having dropsy. 14:3 And answering, Jesus spoke to the professors of the law and Pharisees, saying, Is it legal to heal on the Sabbath? 14:4 But they were quiet. And he took him and healed him and dismissed him. 14:5 And answering, he said to them, Who is it of you*, if a son or a bull will fall into a well, and will not immediately pull him up on the Sabbath day? 14:6 And they are not strong-enough to answer back to him as to these things.


    14:7 Now he spoke a parable to those who have been invited, when* he took-heed of how they were choosing for themselves out the foremost-places; saying to them: 14:8 Whenever you are invited by anyone to a marriage feast, do not recline in the foremost seat; lest a more admired man than you may have been invited by him, 14:9 and he who invited you and him will come and say to you, Give this one your place, and then you may begin with shame to hold the last place. 14:10 But whenever you are invited, travel there and lean-back in the last place; that* whenever he who has invited you comes, he may say to you, Friend, go higher toward me, and then you will have glory in the sight of those who recline at the table together with you. 14:11 Because everyone who is exalting himself will be humbled, and he who is humbling himself will be exalted.


    14:12 Now he said to him, who has also invited him, Whenever you make* a meal or a supper, do not summon your friends, nor your brethren, nor your relatives, nor rich neighbors; lest they may also invite you too and it might become a repayment for you. 14:13 But whenever you make* a banquet, invite the poor, the disabled, the lame, the blind; 14:14 and you will be fortunate, because they do not have anything in which to repay you; for* you will be repaid in the resurrection of the righteous.


    {Similar: Mt 22:1-14, Lk 14:15-24}

    14:15 Now when* someone from those who reclined at the meal together with him heard these things, he said to him, He who will eat bread in the kingdom of God is fortunate.

    14:16 But he said to him, A certain man made* a great supper, and he invited many; 14:17 and he sent forth his bondservant in the hour of supper to say to those who have been invited, Come, because all things are already prepared. 14:18 And they all, from one desire, began to excuse themselves. The first said to him, I have bought a field, and I have a necessity to go out and to see it; I request of you, have me excused.

    14:19 And a different one said, I have bought five yoke of bulls, and I must go-onward to test them; I request of you, have me excused.

    14:20 And a different one said, I have married a wife, and because of this, I am not able to come. 14:21 And that bondservant came and reported to his lord these things. Then the householder, being angry, said to his bondservant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and lead the poor and disabled and lame and blind in here.

     14:22 And the bondservant said, Lord, it has happened as you commanded, and there is still a place for more. 14:23 Now the lord said to the bondservant, Go out into the roads and over the fences, and urge them to enter, that* my house may be filled. 14:24 For* I say to you*, that none of those men who have been invited will taste of my supper. For* many are invited but few chosen.


    {Similar: Mt 10:37-38, Lk 14:25-27}

    14:25 Now large crowds were traveling together with him and he turned and said to them, 14:26 If anyone comes to me and does not hate his own father and mother and wife and children and brethren and sisters, and also, still his own life, he is not able to be my disciple. 14:27 And whoever does not bear his own cross, and come after me, is not able to be my disciple.

    14:28 For* which out of you*, wishing to build a tower, does not first sit down and calculate the cost, if he has the means toward its realization? 14:29 Lest, when* he has laid a foundation and is not strong-enough to complete, all who view it may begin to mock him, 14:30 saying, This one began to build and was not strong-enough to complete.

    14:31 Or what king, while traveling to encounter* a different king in war, will not sit down first and counsel if he is able at ten-thousand to encounter him who is coming against him with twenty thousand? 14:32 Otherwise, while he is still faraway, having sent an ambassador, he asks for the terms of peace. 14:33 Therefore, so everyone out of you* who does not bid farewell to all his possesions, he is not able to be my disciple. 14:34 The salt is good, but if the salt is flavorless, what shall it be seasoned with*? 14:35 It is fit neither *for the soil nor *for the manure-pile. Cast it outside. He who has ears to hear, let him hear.


[Luke 15] TOC


    15:1 Now all the tax collectors and sinners were drawing near to him to hear him. 15:2 And the Pharisees and the scribes were murmuring, saying, This man accepts sinners and eats together with them.

    {Similar: Mt 18:12-14, Lk 15:3-7}

    15:3 Now he spoke to them this parable, saying: 15:4 What man out of you*, having a hundred sheep and having lost one out of them, does not leave the ninety nine in the wilderness and travel to what is lost, until he should find it? 15:5 And having found it, he places it upon his shoulders, rejoicing. 15:6 And when* he comes to his house, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them, Rejoice together with me, because I have found my sheep which has been lost. 15:7 I say to you* thus, that there will be joy in heaven over one sinner who repents, more than over ninety nine righteous ones, who need no repentance.

    15:8 Or what woman having ten two-denarii coins, if she loses one two-denarii coin, does not light a lamp and sweep the house, and seek carefully until she should find it? 15:9 And having found it, she calls together her friends and her neighbors, saying, Rejoice together with me, because I have found the two-denarii coin which I had lost. 15:10 Even so, I say to you*, There becomes joy in the sight of the messengers of God over one sinner who repents.


    15:11 Now he said, A certain man had two sons. 15:12 And the younger of them said to his father, Father, give me the part of the estate that would be put toward me. And he sections off his livelihood to them. 15:13 And not many days after, the younger son gathered all together and went abroad into a far region, and he squandered his estate with riotous living there. 15:14 Now having spent all, there became a mighty famine throughout that region, and he began to have lack of things. 15:15 And he traveled and joined himself to one of the citizens of that region, and he sent him into his field to feed swine. 15:16 And he was desiring to fill his belly from the carob pods that the swine were eating, and no one was giving anything to him. 15:17 Now having come to himself, he said, How many of my father’s hired servants are abounding, even of bread? But I am perishing here in famine! 15:18 I will stand up and travel to my father, and will say to him, Father, I have sinned at heaven, and in your sight. 15:19 I am no more worthy to be called your son. Make* me like one of your hired servants. 15:20 And standing up, he came to his father. But while he was still distant, far from him, his father saw him and had compassion, and ran and fell upon his neck and kissed him. 15:21 But the son said to him, Father, I have sinned at heaven, and in your sight. I am no more worthy to be called your son.

    15:22 But the father said to his bondservants, Bring out the foremost robe and clothe him, and give him a ring *for his hand and shoes *for his feet; 15:23 and when* you* have brought the fattened calf, sacrifice it, and when eating it, we should be joyous. 15:24 Because this one, my son, was dead and is alive again, and was perishing and is found. And they began to be joyous. 15:25 Now his elder son was in the field and as he is coming, he drew near to the house, and he heard harmony and dancing. 15:26 And he called to him one of the young-servants, and inquired what these things might be.

    15:27 But he said to him, Your brother is coming, and your father has sacrificed the fattened calf because he has received him back healthy. 15:28 But he was angry and was not willing to enter and therefore his father came out and was pleading him.

    15:29 But answering, he said to his father, Behold, I did serve* you for so-many years, and I never* passed over a commandment of yours, and yet you never* gave me a young goat, that* I might be joyous with my friends. 15:30 But when this your son came, who has devoured your livelihood with prostitutes, you sacrificed the fattened calf for him.

    15:31 Now he said to him, Child, you are always with me, and all the things that are mine is yours. 15:32 But we ought to be joyous and rejoice, because this one, your brother was dead, and is alive again, and was perishing and is found.


[Luke 16] TOC


    16:1 Now he also said to his disciples, There was a certain rich man, who had a steward, and he was indicted by him as one squandering his possessions. 16:2 And having summoned him, he said to him, What is this that I am hearing concerning you? Give me the account of your stewardship; for* you are not able to be a steward any longer.

    16:3 But the steward said in himself, What should I do, because my lord is taking away the stewardship from me? I am not strong-enough to dig; I am ashamed to beg. 16:4 I know what I should do, that* whenever I am removed from the stewardship, they may accept me into their houses. 16:5 And calling to him each one of his lord’s debtors, he said to the first, How much do you owe to my lord?

    16:6 Now he said, A hundred eight-gallon containers of oil.

    And he said to him, Take out your contract {Greek: writings} and sit down quickly and write fifty.

    16:7 Thereafter, he said to a different one, and how much do you owe?

    Now he said, A hundred twelve-bushel containers of grain.

    But he says to him, Accept your contract {Greek: writings} and write eighty.

    16:8 And his lord praised the steward of unrighteousness because he had done prudently, because the sons of this world are more prudent to their own generation; above the sons of the light.

    16:9 And I say to you*, Make* friends for yourselves out of the money of unrighteousness; that*, whenever it fails, they may accept you* into the everlasting tabernacles. 16:10 He who is faithful in the least matters is also faithful in much, and he who is unrighteous in the least matters is also unrighteous in much. 16:11 Therefore, if you* have not become faithful in the unrighteous money, who will entrust the true riches to you*? 16:12 And if you* have not become faithful in what is another’s, who will give you* what is yours*? 16:13 No domestic servant is able to serve* two lords; for* either he will hate the one and love* the other; for* either he will hold to one and despise the other. You* are not able to serve* God and money.


    16:14 Now the Pharisees, who are* money-lovers, were also hearing all these things, and they were ridiculing him. 16:15 And he said to them, You* are those who are justifying yourselves in the sight of men, but God knows your* hearts, because what is exalted among men is an abomination in God’s sight.

    16:16 The law and the prophets were until John; from that time the good-news of the kingdom of God is proclaimed, and everyone violently-enters into it. 16:17 But it is easier for the heaven and the earth to pass away, than for one serif of the law to fall short. 16:18 Everyone who divorces his wife and marries a different one is committing adultery, and everyone who marries the one who has been divorced from a husband, is committing adultery. {Mt 5:32, 19:9}


    16:19 Now there was a certain rich man and he was clothing himself in purple and fine-linen, having been radiantly joyous daily. 16:20 Now there was a certain poor man, Lazarus by name, who had been put at his gate, being full of sores, 16:21 and desiring to be fed from the crumbs that fell from the rich man’s table. But even the dogs came and were licking his sores. 16:22 Now it happened, that the poor man died and that he was carried away by the messengers into Abraham’s bosom, and the rich man also died and was buried. 16:23 And in Hades, he lifted up his eyes being* in torments, and he sees Abraham from afar, and Lazarus in his bosom.

    16:24 And shouting, he said, Father Abraham, show-mercy to me, and send Lazarus that* he may dip the tip of his finger in water and may cool my tongue, because I am in anguish in this flame.

    16:25 But Abraham said, Child, remember that you received your good things in your life and Lazarus likewise evil things, but now he is comforted here and you are in anguish. 16:26 And upon all things, a great chasm is established between us and you*, *that those who wish to cross over from here to you* may not be able, nor may they ferry over from there to us. 16:27 But he said, Therefore I am requesting from you, father, that* you should send him to my father’s house; 16:28 for* I have five brethren; *that he may thoroughly testify to them, in order that they may also not come into this place of torment.

    16:29 But Abraham says to him, They have Moses and the prophets. Let them hear them.

    16:30 But he said, No, father Abraham, but if someone travels to them from the dead, they will repent.

    16:31 But he said to him, If they do not hear Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, if someone rises* up from the dead.


[Luke 17] TOC


    17:1 Now he said to his disciples, It is inevitable that offenses might come, but woe to him, through whom they come! 17:2 It is beneficial for him if a millstone rotated by a donkey encompassed his neck, and he has been tossed into the sea, rather than that* he should offend one of these little ones.

    17:3 Take-heed to yourselves; and if your brother sins {F} against you, rebuke him, and if he repents, forgive him. 17:4 And if he {F} sins against you seven-times in the day, and should turn again to you seven-times in the day, saying, I repent. You will forgive him.


    17:5 And the apostles said to the Lord, Add to our faith.

    17:6 Now the Lord said, If you* have faith like a kernel of a mustard-seed, you* would say to this mulberry tree, Be uprooted and be planted in the sea, and it would have obeyed* you*. 17:7 But which one out of you*, having a bondservant plowing or shepherding, will say to him, when* he has come in from the field, Come immediately and lean-back at the table. 17:8 But will you* not rather say to him, Prepare something so I may dine. And when* you gird* yourself, serve me, until I eat and drink and you may eat and may drink after these things. 17:9 He does not give gratitude to that bondservant because he did the things that were commanded him, does he? I think not. 17:10 So also you*, whenever you* have done all the things that were commanded to you*, say, We are useless bondservants, because we have done what we are obligated to have done.


    {Lk 17:11-37; Borders of Samaria and Galilee; Lk 18:1-14; early 30 AD; no parallels.}

    17:11 And it happened, while* he was traveling to Jerusalem, that he was going through the middle of Samaria and Galilee. 17:12 And while entering into a certain village, ten men who were lepers encountered him there, who stood farther out; 17:13 and they lifted up their voices, saying, Jesus, Master*, show-mercy to us.

    17:14 And when* he saw them, he said to them, When* you travel back, show yourselves to the priests.

    And it happened, while* they were going, they were cleansed. 17:15 Now one out of them, having seen that he was healed, turned back with a loud voice, glorifying God; 17:16 and he fell upon his face beside his feet, giving-thanks to him, and he was a Samaritan.

    17:17 But answering, Jesus said, Were there not ten cleansed? But where are the nine? 17:18 Was there no one found, except this immigrant, who returned to give glory to God? 17:19 And he said to him, Stand and travel. Your faith has cured you.


    17:20 And having been asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God is coming, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God is not coming with observation; 17:21 nor will they say, Behold, here! Or, behold there! For* behold, the kingdom of God is within you*.


    17:22 Now he said to the disciples, The days will come, when you* will desire to see one of the days of the Son of Man, and you* will not see it. 17:23 And they will say to you*, Behold here! Behold there! Do not go away, nor should you* pursue them. 17:24 For* just-like the lightning, which flashes from the one end under heaven, and shines to the other end under heaven; so will the Son of Man be in his day. 17:25 But first it is essential for him to suffer many things and to be rejected* by this generation. 17:26 And just-as it happened in the days of Noah, so it will also be in the days of the Son of Man. 17:27 They were eating, they were drinking, they were marrying, they were being betrothed, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all. 17:28 Likewise, even as it happened in the days of Lot; they were eating, they were drinking, they were buying, they were selling, they were planting, they were building; 17:29 but in the day that Lot went out from Sodom, it rained fire and brimstone from heaven and destroyed them all. 17:30 According to the same things, it will be in the day that the Son of Man is revealed. 17:31 In that day, he who will be upon the housetop and has his goods in the house, let him not go down to take them up, and let him who is in the field, likewise do not turn behind for them. 17:32 Remember Lot’s wife. 17:33 Whoever seeks to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses it will preserve it. 17:34 I say to you*, There will be two men upon one bed in that night; the one will be taken and the other will be left. 17:35 There will be two women grinding together; the one will be taken and the other will be left. 17:36 {T} There will be two men in the field; the one will be taken and the other will be left.

    17:37 And they answering say to him, Where, Lord?

    Now he said to them, Where the body is, the vultures will also be gathered together there.


    {Footnotes: Lk 17:3,4 in Greek: into, toward.}


[Luke 18] TOC


    18:1 Now he also spoke a parable to them, to show that it is essential for them to always pray, and not to be depressed; 18:2 saying: A certain judge was in a certain city, who did not fear God and did not revere man. 18:3 Now a widow was in that city, and she was coming often to him, saying, Avenge me of my opponent. 18:4 And he did not wish to at that time, but after these things, he said in himself, Even if I do not fear God, and do not revere man; 18:5 yet because this widow is harassing me, I will avenge her, in order that she may not pester me, coming often *for an end of her opponent.

    18:6 But the Lord said, Hear with understanding what the judge of the unrighteousness says about himself.


    18:7 Now, should God not do the avenging of his chosen who are crying to him day and night? Also, should he not have patience upon them?

    18:8 I say to you*, that he will do the avenging on them quickly.

    However, when* the Son of Man comes, will he find then the faith upon the earth?


    18:9 Now he spoke this parable to some who have confidence in themselves, that they were righteous, and scorning the rest: 18:10 Two men went up into the temple to pray; the first one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. 18:11 The Pharisee stood and was praying these things with himself, God, I give-thanks to you, that I am not like the rest of men: swindlers, unrighteous, adulterers or just-like this tax collector. 18:12 I fast twice in the week; I tithe of all things, as many things as I procure. 18:13 And the tax collector, standing from afar, was not even willing to lift up his eyes to heaven, but was beating his chest, saying, God, be lenient to me, the sinner. 18:14 I say to you*, This one went down to his house, having been justified rather than that man, because everyone who is exalting himself will be humbled, but he who is humbling himself will be exalted.


    {Mk 10:13-16 & Mt 19:13-15 & Lk 18:15-17 Peraea.}

    18:15 Now they were also bringing to him their babies, that* he might touch them, but when* the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. 18:16 But Jesus, having called them to him, said, Allow the little children to come to me and do not forbid them; for* the kingdom of God is for such. 18:17 Assuredly I say to you*, Whoever does not accept the kingdom of God like a little child, he may never* enter into it.


    {Mk 10:17-31 & Mt 19:16-20:16 & Lk 18:18-30 Peraea.}

    18:18 And a certain ruler asked him, saying, Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit everlasting life?

    18:19 But Jesus said to him, Why do you call* me good? None is good, except one, our God. 18:20 You know the commandments: ‘Do not commit adultery. Do not murder. Do not steal. Do not falsely testify. Honor your father and your mother.’ {Ex. 20:12-16 & Deu. 5:16-20.}

    18:21 But he said, I have observed all these things from my youth up.

    18:22 Now having heard these things, Jesus said to him, One thing is still deficient for you. Sell all things, as many things as you have and distribute to the poor and you will have treasure in heaven and come-here. Follow me. 18:23 But when* he heard these things, he became very sorrowful; for* he was extremely rich. 18:24 Now when* Jesus saw him, having become very sorrowful, he said, How those who have wealth will hardly enter into the kingdom of God! 18:25 For* it is easier for a camel to enter in through a needle’s eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

    18:26 Now those who heard it said, Then who is able to be saved?

    18:27 But he said, The things which are impossible with men are possible with God.

    18:28 But Peter said, Behold, we left all and followed you.

    18:29 But he said to them, Assuredly I say to you*, There is no one who has left his house or parents or brethren or children, because of the kingdom of God, 18:30 who may not receive again much more in this time, and in the world to come, everlasting life.


    {Mk 10:32-45 & Mt 20:17-28 & Lk 18:31-34; Peraea or Judea, near Jordan.}

    18:31 Now he took the twelve with him and said to them, Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and all the things that have been written through the prophets will be completed by the Son of Man. 18:32 For* he will be given up to the Gentiles, and will be mocked and insulted and spit on; 18:33 and they will scourge and kill him, and he will rise* up in the third day. 18:34 And they understood none of these things, and this declaration has been hidden from them, and they did not know the things which were said.


    {Mk 10:46-52 & Mt 20:29-34 & Lk 18:35-43; Jericho.}

    18:35 Now it happened, while* he drew near to Jericho, a certain blind man was sitting by the road begging. 18:36 Now hearing a crowd traveling through, he inquired what this might be. 18:37 Now they reported to him, that Jesus the Nazarene is passing by. 18:38 And he cried out, saying, Jesus, son of David, show-mercy to me. 18:39 And those who precede were rebuking him, that* he should be silent, but he was crying out much more, Son of David, show-mercy to me!

    18:40 Now when* Jesus stood still, he commanded him to be led to him, and when* he drew near, he asked him, 18:41 saying, What do you wish that I might do for you?

    But he said, Lord, that* I may recover my sight.

    18:42 And Jesus said to him, Recover your sight. Your faith has cured you. 18:43 And instantly he recovered his sight and was following him, glorifying God. And all the people, having seen it, gave praise to God.


[Luke 19] TOC


    {Lk 19:1-28; Jericho; no parallel.}

    19:1 And he entered, and was going through Jericho. 19:2 And behold, a man called by the name Zacchaeus was there and he was a chief tax collector and he was rich. 19:3 And he was seeking to see Jesus; who he is, and was not able from the crowd, because he was little in stature. 19:4 And he ran ahead before the crowd, and goes up into a sycamore tree that* he might see him, because he was about to go through that way. 19:5 And as Jesus came to the place, he looked up and saw him, and said to him, Zacchaeus, hurry, come down; for* it is essential for me to abide in your house today. 19:6 And having hurried, he came down and accepted him, rejoicing.

    19:7 And when* they saw it, they were all murmuring, saying, He has entered to board with a man who is a sinner.

    19:8 Now Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, Behold, Lord, I give half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anyone of anything, I repay them quadruple.

    19:9 Now Jesus said to him, Today salvation has come* to this house, insomuch as he is also a son of Abraham. 19:10 For* the Son of Man came to seek and save what has been lost.


    {Similar: Mt 25:14-30, Lk 14:15-24}

    19:11 Now when* they heard these things, he added and spoke a parable, because he was near to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God was about to instantly appear. 19:12 Therefore he said: A certain nobleman traveled into a far away region, to receive for himself a kingdom and to return. 19:13 Now he called ten of his bondservants, and gave them ten two-hundred denarius coins, and said to them, Trade with this until I come. 19:14 But his citizens were hating him and sent an ambassador after him, saying, We do not wish that this one reign over us. 19:15 And it happened, while* he was coming back again, having received the kingdom, that he commanded these bondservants, to whom he gave the silver, to be summoned to him, that* he might know what they had made by trading.

    19:16 Now the first came before him, saying, Lord, your two-hundred denarius coin has been worked up to ten two-hundred denarius coins more. 19:17 And he said to him, Well done, you good bondservant, because you became faithful in the least matters; be the authority over these, you have ten cities. 19:18 And the second came, saying, Your two-hundred denarius coin, Lord, has made* five two-hundred denarius coins. 19:19 But he also said to him, You, become the authority over five cities. 19:20 And a different bondservant came, saying, Lord, behold, here is your two-hundred denarius coin, which I had laid up in a handkerchief; 19:21 for* I was fearing you, because you are an austere man. You lift up from what you did not lay down and reap what you did not sow.

    19:22 But he says to him, I will judge you out of your own mouth, you evil bondservant. You knew that I am an austere man, lifting up from what I did not lay down and reaping what I did not sow? 19:23 Then why did you not give my silver to the bank, and when* I came back, I might have appropriated it together with interest?

    19:24 And he said to those standing beside him, Take away the two-hundred denarius coin from him, and give it to him who has the ten two-hundred denarius coins.

    19:25 And they said to him, Lord, he has ten two-hundred denarius coins. Why?

    19:26 For* I say to you*, that to everyone who has, will be given, but from him who has not, even what he has will be taken away from him. 19:27 However my enemies, those men who did not wish that I should reign over them, lead them here and slaughter them before me.


    {The week of Jesus’ crucifixion. Mk 11:1-11 & Mt 21:1-12, 14-17 & Lk 19:29-44 & Jn 12:12-19 Bethany to Jerusalem and back Sun. April 2, 30 AD.}

    19:28 And having said these things, he was traveling on before them, going up to Jerusalem.


    19:29 And it happened, as he drew near to Bethphage and Bethany, toward the mountain which is called Olives, he sent two of the disciples, 19:30 saying, Go into the village in front of me; in which, traveling; you* will find a colt that has been tied, on which no man {Greek: no one from men} has sat at any time. Loose it; lead him here. 19:31 And if anyone asks you*, Why are you* loosening him? You* will say to him thus, The Lord has need of him. 19:32 Now those who have been sent, went away and found just-as he had said to them.

    19:33 And while loosening the colt, its lords said to them, Why are you* loosening the colt?

    19:34 Now they said, The Lord has need of it. 19:35 And they lead him to Jesus, and having tossed forth their garments upon the colt, they mounted Jesus upon it. 19:36 Now while traveling there, they were spreading their garments in the road. 19:37 Now as he was already drawing near, even to the slope of the Mountain of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began rejoicing, and to praise God with a loud voice concerning all the miracles which they had seen; 19:38 saying, The King who is coming in the name of the Lord has been blessed; peace in heaven and glory in the highest.

    19:39 And some of the Pharisees from the crowd said to him, Teacher, rebuke your disciples.

    19:40 And answering, he said to them, I say to you*, that if these disciples are silent, then the stones will cry out.


    19:41 And as he drew near, he saw the city and wept over it, 19:42 saying, If you had known in this day, even you, for-sure, the things which are for your peace! But now they are hid from your eyes. 19:43 Because the days will come upon you, and your enemies will put a military-barrier around you and will surround you, and will crowd you on every-side, 19:44 and will level you to the bedrock, and your children with* you, and they will not leave in you one stone upon another stone, because you did not know the time of your visitation.


    {Mk 11:12-18 & Mt 21:18, 19, 12, 13 & Lk 19:45-48 Road from Bethany to Jerusalem Mon.}

    19:45 And he entered into the temple, and began to cast out those who were selling and buying in it, 19:46 saying to them, It has been written, 'My house will be a house of prayer, but you* have made* it a den of robbers.’ {Is. 56:7 & Jer. 7:11} 19:47 Now he was teaching daily in the temple. But the high-priests and the scribes and the foremost ones of the people were seeking to destroy him. 19:48 And they were not finding what they might do; for* the people were all hanging on him, listening.


[Luke 20] TOC


    {Mk 11:27-33 & Mt 21:23-27 & Lk 20:1-8 Courtyard of the Temple, Tues.}

    20:1 And it happened on one of those days, while* he is teaching the people in the temple and proclaiming the good-news, the priests and the scribes, together with the elders stood up; 20:2 and they spoke saying to him, Tell us, by what authority are you doing these things? Or who is he who gave you this authority?

    20:3 But answering, he said to them, I will also ask you* one question, and tell me. 20:4 The immersion* of John, was it from heaven or from men?

    20:5 Now they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we should say, From heaven; he will say, Then why did you* not believe him? 20:6 But if we say, From men; all the people will stone us; for* they have confidence that John was a prophet. 20:7 And they answered that they did not know where it was from.

    20:8 And Jesus said to them, Neither do I tell you* by what authority I am doing these things.


    {Mk 12:1-12 & Mt 21:33-46 & Lk 20:9-19.}

    20:9 Now he began to speak to the people this parable: A man planted a vineyard and rented it to farmers, and went abroad for a considerable time. 20:10 And in the harvest season, he sent a bondservant to the farmers, that* they might give to him from the fruit of the vineyard, but the farmers whipped him and sent him away empty handed. 20:11 And he sent yet a different bondservant, and they also whipped and dishonored him, and sent him away empty. 20:12 And he sent yet a third, and they also traumatized him and cast him forth. 20:13 But the lord of the vineyard said, What should I do? I will send my beloved son; perchance seeing him, they will revere him. 20:14 But when* the farmers saw him, they were reasoning with themselves, saying, This is the heir. Come-here. We should kill him, that* the inheritance may become ours. 20:15 And they cast him forth outside the vineyard, and killed him. Therefore, what will the lord of the vineyard do to them? 20:16 He will come and destroy these farmers, and will give the vineyard to others.

    But when* they heard it, they said, Let it not happen!

    20:17 But he looked at them and said, Then* what is this that has been written, ‘The stone which the builders rejected*, this one has become the head of the corner'? {Ps. 118:22} 20:18 Everyone who falls upon that stone will be shattered, but upon whomever it falls, it will smash him.

    20:19 And the high-priests and the scribes sought to put hands upon him in that same hour and yet they feared the people; for* they knew that he spoke this parable to them.


    {Mk 12:13-17 & Mt 22:15-22 & Lk 20:20-26 Courtyard of the Temple, Tues.}

     20:20 And having observed him, they sent forth agents, who themselves pretended to be righteous, that* they might grab him from his speech, *that* they might give him to the rule and to the authority of the governor. 20:21 And they asked him, saying, Teacher, we know that you say and teach correctly, and do not accept the countenance of men, but in truth, are teaching the way of God. 20:22 Is it legal for us to give tax to Caesar or not?

    20:23 But he perceived their craftiness and said to them, Why are you* testing me? 20:24 Show me a denarius. Whose image and inscription has it?

    But answering, they said, Caesar’s.

    20:25 But he said to them, Now-then, give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s. 20:26 And they were not strong-enough to grasp his declaration in front of the people, and they marveled at his answer and were silent.


    {Mk 12:18-27 & Mt 22:23-33 & Lk 20:27-39.}

    20:27 Now some of the Sadducees came to him, those who contradict that there is a resurrection; 20:28 and they asked him, saying, Teacher, Moses wrote to us, that* if anyone’s brother dies, who had a wife, and he should die childless, his brother should take the wife and should raise* up seed to his brother. {Deu. 25:5} 20:29 Therefore, there were seven brethren, and the first took a wife and died childless; 20:30 and the second took the woman and he died childless; 20:31 and the third took her, and likewise*, the seven also left no children and died. 20:32 The woman also died later. 20:33 Therefore in the resurrection, whose wife of them does she become? For* the seven had her as wife.

    20:34 And Jesus answering, said to them, The sons of this world marry and are betrothed. 20:35 But those who are deemed worthy to obtain that world and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are they betrothed, 20:36 for* neither are they able to die anymore; for* they are equal to the messengers, and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection. 20:37 But that the dead are raised, even Moses divulged in the place concerning the bush, as he calls* the Lord, the Go